Energy Technology Data Exchange
The Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) was formed in 1987. It was initiated as, and continues to be, a multilateral agreement under the International Energy Agency (IEA) agreement network, replacing numerous other bilateral agreements. The multilateral agreement is for the international exchange of energy research and development and information. The exchange has resulted in a database which is the world's largest collection of energy research, technology, and development (RTD) information (ETDEWEB - described below). The collection of information is generated from energy RTD literature published in member countries and through other partnering arrangements with organizations such as the International Nuclear Information System (a unit of the International Atomic Energy Agency). This has the effect of creating a broad spectrum of information that is included in the ETDE database. The range of content includes fossil fuels, renewable energies (including Hydrogen), End-Use (Buildings, Industry and Transport), fusion, energy policy, conservation, and efficiency, and cross-sectional activities. Furthermore, this fulfills the need for timely exchange of global information towards the goal of a sustainable energy future. ETDE operates under an IEA Implementing Agreement and is governed by an Executive Committee of delegates from ETDE member countries. Officers of the Executive Committee include a Chair and two Vice-Chairs, elected to three-year terms. Day-to-day operations are managed through an operating agent organization, which reports to the Executive Committee.
ETDE's Energy Database is a substantial collection that focuses on energy research literature and technology literature. This database contains more than 4.5 million abstracted and indexed records, and is updated twice per month. Temporal coverage is from 1974 to present day. The principle access point for this database is ETDEWEB (see next section). However, access is also available through commercial online hosts, and some countries offer their own products for access. Member country representatives supply the best options for their citizens to access this database. Furthermore, the United States feeds this database to Dialog which provides online access. Likewise, Germany feeds this database to STN International.
Broad subject coverage includes information on energy research and development; energy policy and planning; basic sciences (e.g., physics, chemistry and biomedical) and materials research; the environmental impact of energy production and use, including climate change; energy conservation; nuclear (e.g., reactors, isotopes, waste management); coal and fossil fuels; and renewable energy technologies (e.g., solar energy, wind energy, biomass, geothermal, hydro). The scope of topical coverage is world-wide in some areas. In addition, this database is used by scientists, researchers, engineers, policymakers, information specialists, librarians, industry leaders, university faculty, and university students, among others.
Energy Technology Data Exchange employs an internet related database to disseminate the energy research and technology information which is collected and exchanged. The database is named ETDE World Energy Base or ETDEWEB.
ETDEWEB is produced and made available by ETDE. It has over 4,552,000 references for literature that encompasses broad topical coverage, and allows access to full text for 431,000 reports, which amounts to more than 1 million pages. ETDEWEB has unique access to these reports, which are not available through other conventional sources. Over a million other references link to sites containing cited documents. Open access is provided to member countries, developing country status, or Executive Committee decision.
ETDEWEB covers an extensive base of topics, the main areas include information on energy research and development along with energy policy and planning. Other ares of coverage include basic sciences (e.g., physics, chemistry and biomedical); materials research; the environmental impacts of energy production and use (including climate change); energy conservation; nuclear energy (e.g., reactors, isotopes, and nuclear waste management); coal and fossil fuels; and renewable energy technologies (e.g., solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, hydro).