eThekwini

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eThekwini
Metropolitan municipality
Official seal of eThekwini
Seal
Location in KwaZulu-Natal
Location in KwaZulu-Natal
Coordinates: 29°52′S 31°01′E / 29.867°S 31.017°E / -29.867; 31.017Coordinates: 29°52′S 31°01′E / 29.867°S 31.017°E / -29.867; 31.017
Country South Africa
Province KwaZulu-Natal
Seat Durban
Wards 103
Government[1]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Mayor James Nxumalo (ANC)
 • Deputy Mayor Nomvuzo Shabalala
 • Municipal manager Michael Sutcliffe [dated info]
Area
 • Total 2,291 km2 (885 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 3,442,361
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[2]
 • Black African 73.8%
 • Coloured 2.5%
 • Indian/Asian 16.7%
 • White 6.6%
First languages (2011)[2]
 • Zulu 62.8%
 • English 26.8%
 • Xhosa 3.9%
 • Afrikaans 1.7%
 • Other 4.8%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Municipal code ETH

eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan municipality created in 2000 that includes the city of Durban, South Africa and surrounding towns. eThekwini is one of the 11 districts of KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa. The majority of its 3,090,126 people speak Zulu (2001 census). It was formed from seven formerly independent local councils and tribal land.

Etymology[edit]

The derivation of the word eThekwini is debated,[3][4] the name is said to mean either ‘lagoon’ or ‘the one-testicled one’, referring to the appearance of the Durban Bay.[5]

In an 1859 Zulu grammar book, Bishop Colenso asserted that the root word iTeku means "bay of the sea" and noted that the locative form, eTekwini, was used as a proper name for Durban.[6]

An 1895 English-Zulu dictionary translates the base word iteku as "bay", "creek", "gulf" or "sinus",[7] while a 1905 Zulu-English dictionary notes that eTekwini is used for Durban.[8]

Geography[edit]

eThekwini is surrounded by:

Main places[edit]

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:[9]

Place Code Area (km2) Population Most spoken language
Adams Mission 57201 1.56 631 Zulu
Amalanga 57202 17.75 1,340 Zulu
Amanzimtoti 57203 10.16 13,437 English
Amaotana 57204 1.39 10,643 Xhosa
Amawoti 57205 0.94 1,038 Zulu
Assegay 57206 34.03 2,930 English
Blackburn 57207 0.54 0 -
Bothas Hill 57208 7.38 1,992 English
Cato Ridge 57209 19.85 1,059 Zulu
Cele/Vumengazi 57210 63.16 15,099 Zulu
Chatsworth 57211 47.05 192,166 English
Cibane 57212 8.66 1,050 Zulu
Clansthal 57213 0.79 272 English
Clermont 57214 9.19 57,536 Zulu
Dassenhoek Part 1 57294 5.71 6,823 Zulu
Dassenhoek Part 2 57215 5.38 22,462 Zulu
Desainager 57216 2.06 994 English
Drummond 57217 16.41 1,943 English
Durban 57218 226.51 536,644 English
Elangeni 57219 9.03 2,249 Zulu
Emalangeni 57220 39.60 3,606 Zulu
Embo/Nksa Isimahla 57221 66.57 9,771 Zulu
Emona 57222 3.84 3,188 Zulu
Ezembeni 57224 14.39 2,918 Zulu
Folweni 57225 3.46 28,759 Zulu
Gcumisa 57226 3.81 593 Zulu
Genazano 57227 0.95 2,866 English
Hambanathi 57228 1.37 8,568 Zulu
Hazelmere 57229 1.79 5,128 Zulu
Hillcrest 57230 10.01 5,341 English
Ilanga 57231 12.60 12,236 Zulu
Inanda 57232 24.43 153,098 Zulu
Inchanga 57233 10.81 21,987 Zulu
Iqadi 57234 113.13 44,532 Zulu
Khabazela 57235 7.31 250 Zulu
Kingsburgh 57236 18.92 23,812 Zulu
Klaarwater 57237 12.31 12,169 Zulu
Kloof 57238 63.86 35,623 English
Kwadabeka 57239 11.82 52,617 Zulu
KwaMakhutha 57240 8.02 43,781 Zulu
Kwa-Mashu 57241 18.80 175,913 Zulu
KwaNdengezi 57242 7.99 31,528 Zulu
La Mercy 57243 29.09 2,104 English
Lamontville 57244 4.18 32,991 Zulu
Luganda 57245 3.13 6,121 Zulu
Luthuli/Umnini Trust 57246 38.45 23,008 Zulu
Macala-Gwala 57247 15.80 9,359 Zulu
Magabeni 57248 1.56 4,933 Zulu
Malagazi 57249 3.44 15,681 Zulu
Mangangeni/Vumazonke 57250 8.39 3,111 Zulu
Maphephetha 57251 54.01 9,814 Zulu
Maphunulo 57252 4.69 1,769 Zulu
Mawotana 57253 2.33 8,913 Zulu
Mawothi 57254 11.40 40,465 Zulu
Molweni 57255 11.40 12,975 Zulu
Mount Moreland 57256 0.77 273 English
Mpolo 57257 1.92 6,914 Zulu
Mpumalanga 57258 38.30 99,720 Zulu
Mt Edgecombe 57259 12.89 3,874 English
Mwawine 57260 0.70 1,460 Xhosa
Naidooville 57261 1.12 2,417 English
New Germany 57262 9.13 12,592 English
Newlands East 57263 10.23 22,444 English
Newlands West 57264 12.62 37,425 English
Ngcolosi 57265 47.90 20,166 Zulu
Ngqungqulu 57266 3.44 1,455 Zulu
Ntshongweni 57267 13.71 201 English
Ntuzuma 57268 17.60 114,579 Zulu
Oceans 57269 0.20 823 Zulu
Phoenix 57270 29.65 169,163 English
Pinetown 57271 71.85 100,037 Zulu
Qadi 57272 17.34 7,170 Zulu
Qiniselani Manyuswa 57273 53.72 25,878 Zulu
Queensburgh 57274 18.76 29,519 English
Redcliffe 57275 2.22 2,800 Zulu
Roseneath 57276 5.06 7,303 English
Siyanda 57277 1.13 12,924 Zulu
Sobonakhona 57278 179.40 64,162 Zulu
Thoyana 57279 8.98 7,886 Zulu
Tongaat Beach 57281 0.64 735 English
Tongaat 57280 14.99 41,055 English
Tshelimnyama 57282 3.65 12,731 Zulu
Umbumbulu 57283 0.43 304 Zulu
Umdloti 57284 0.96 1,939 English
Umgababa 57285 2.63 4,059 Zulu
Umhlanga 57286 15.00 15,387 English
Umkomaas 57287 7.44 3,027 English
Umlazi 57288 46.55 388,687 Zulu
Verulam 57289 26.11 54,645 English
Westbrook 57290 1.56 1,266 English
Westville 57291 31.03 37,517 English
Ximba 57292 95.29 34,557 Zulu
Remainder of the municipality 57223 352.66 23,209 Zulu

Demographics[edit]

Geographical distribution of home languages in eThekwini
  No language dominant

The following statistics are from the 2011 census.

Language Population %
isiZulu 2,140,294 62.82%
English 912,173 26.77%
isiXhosa 133,136 3.91%
Afrikaans 58,688 1.72%
Other 44,850 1.32%
isiNdebele 38,380 1.13%
Sesotho 30,878 0.91%
Setswana 17,358 0.51%
Sign Language 16,486 0.48%
Sepedi 6,671 0.20%
siSwati 2,651 0.08%
Xitsonga 3,773 0.11%
TshiVenda 1,737 0.05%

Gender[edit]

Gender Population %
Female 1,759,955 51.13%
Male 1,682,406 48.87%

Ethnic group[edit]

Ethnic group Population %
Black African 2,540,441 73.80%
Indian/Asian 573,334 16.66%
White 228,406 6.64%
Coloured 85,908 2.50%
Other 14,272 0.41%

Age[edit]

Age Population %
000 - 004 327,972 9.53%
005 - 009 262,210 7.62%
010 - 014 269,763 7.84%
015 - 019 318,540 9.25%
020 - 024 412,727 11.99%
025 - 029 395,580 11.49%
030 - 034 299,167 8.69%
035 - 039 247,382 7.19%
040 - 044 199,167 5.79%
045 - 049 174,931 5.08%
050 - 054 145,723 4.23%
055 - 059 119,971 3.49%
060 - 064 97,500 2.83%
065 - 069 63,493 1.84%
070 - 074 44,832 1.30%
075 - 079 27,567 0.80%
080 - 084 17,028 0.49%
085 - 089 7,783 0.23%
090 - 094 2,867 0.08%
095 - 099 851 0.02%
100 plus 972 0.03%

Politics[edit]

The municipal council consists of 205 members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. 103 councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in 103 wards, while the remaining 102 are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received.

Election results[edit]

Party of the elected councillor in each ward of the eThekwini Municipality in the municipal election of 2011.

In the election of 18 May 2011 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of 61% of the vote and 126 seats on the council. The second-largest party was the Democratic Alliance (DA), which won 21% of the vote and 43 seats. The Minority Front, the Inkatha Freedom Party and the National Freedom Party also won notable shares of the vote.

The following table shows the detailed results of the election.[10][11]

Party Votes Seats
Ward List Total  % Ward List Total
African National Congress 582,224 603,929 1,186,153 61.1 78 48 126
Democratic Alliance 195,770 212,409 408,179 21.0 17 26 43
Minority Front 54,979 48,064 103,043 5.3 6 5 11
National Freedom Party 47,688 43,606 91,294 4.7 0 10 10
Inkatha Freedom Party 41,638 38,532 80,170 4.1 1 8 9
Independent 17,226 17,226 0.9 1 1
African Christian Democratic Party 7,727 6,555 14,282 0.7 0 2 2
Truly Alliance 7,994 6,026 14,020 0.7 0 1 1
Congress of the People 3,428 3,882 7,310 0.4 0 1 1
African People's Convention 1,914 3,970 5,884 0.3 0 1 1
United Action Front 1,993 1,256 3,249 0.2 0 0 0
Azanian People's Organisation 1,400 1,238 2,638 0.1 0 0 0
United Democratic Movement 1,455 1,087 2,542 0.1 0 0 0
African Christian Alliance 1,158 949 2,107 0.1 0 0 0
Freedom Front Plus 869 662 1,531 0.1 0 0 0
Socialist Green Coalition 531 492 1,023 0.1 0 0 0
Black Consciousness Party 245 671 916 0.0 0 0 0
Solidarity Party 172 400 572 0.0 0 0 0
United Residents Front 142 142 0.0 0 0
Total 968,553 973,728 1,942,281 100.0 103 102 205
Spoilt votes 15,755 12,864 28,619

Non-party politics[edit]

The shack dwellers' movement Abahlali baseMjondolo has members in more than 30 settlements in eThekwini. Abahlali have campaigned vigorously against evictions, against forced removals and for basic services and ongoing democratic consultation. At times there has been serious conflict between Abahlali and the municipal government.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Metropolitan Municipality". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "SA row over 'bull testicle' name". BBC News (BBC). 2007-08-23. Retrieved 2007-08-24. 
  4. ^ de Boer, Heinz (2007-08-22). "Embarrassing meaning of 'eThekwini' revealed". iol news (iol). Retrieved 2007-08-24. 
  5. ^ "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 432. 
  6. ^ Colenso, John William (1859). "IV - Cases of nouns". First steps in Zulu-Kafir, an abridgment of the Elementary grammar of the Zulu-Kafir language. p. 12. Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  7. ^ Roberts, Charles (1895). An English-Zulu Dictionary: With the Principles of Pronunciation and Classification Fully Explained. Paul, Trench, Trübner. pp. 19, 58, 114, 208. Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  8. ^ Bryant, Alfred T. (1905). A Zulu-English Dictionary with Notes on Pronunciation. The Mariannhill Mission Press. p. 94. Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  9. ^ "Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa". Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  10. ^ "Results Summary – All Ballots: Ethekwini". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "Seat Calculation Detail: Ethekwini". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 

External links[edit]