(Euclid University, Pôle Universitaire Euclide)
|Headquarters||Gambia (current) and Central African Republic (historic)|
|Membership||12 Participating States|
|-||Secretary-General||Syed Zahid Ali|
|-||Institutional High Steward||Ambassador Herménégilde Niyonzima|
|-||Diplomatic High Steward||Ambassador Roubani Kaambi|
|-||Entry into force of Open Memorandum of Understanding I-49006||2008|
EUCLID, also called Pôle Universitaire Euclide or Euclid University, is an international intergovernmental organization with a university charter established in 2008. It has headquarters in The Gambia (2013) and in the Central African Republic (2011).
- 1 History and legal status
- 2 Academic programs
- 3 Structure
- 4 Cooperation with other intergovernmental bodies
- 5 Memberships
- 6 Accreditation and recognition
- 7 References
- 8 External links
History and legal status
EUCLID’s origins seem to be linked to the vision of Central African Republic Prime Minister Faustin-Archange Touadera, when he was the rector of the University of Bangui, to create an international extension for the university. The programs developed by the Euclid Consortium (‘Pôle d’Extension Universitaire Euclide’), of which the University of Bangui was a member, led to the establishment of EUCLID as an autonomous institution in 2008.
In January 2008, Syed Zahid Ali, the senior official of IOSD, the administrative organization for the Euclid Consortium, presented to various governments a new legal framework called EUCLID Phase 2. Several governments interested in using the Euclid programs to train their own staff approved the statutes of the new international university in 2008 and 2009.
EUCLID signed a headquarters agreement with the Central African Republic in March 2011 and with the Republic of The Gambia in 2013.
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||2008|
|Sierra Leone, Republic of||2008|
|Eritrea, State of||2008|
|Uganda, Republic of||2008|
|Vanuatu, Republic of||2008|
|Senegal, Republic of||2009|
|Benin, Republic of||2009|
|Comoros, Union of||2009|
|Burundi, Republic of||2010|
|Central African Republic||2010|
|Timor-Leste, Democratic Republic of||2011|
|Gambia, Republic of the||2012|
Domain and trademarks
EUCLID (University) is defined as an having international legal personality and was granted a .int domain name under IANA regulations. As an “international intergovernmental organization”, the institution also enjoys intellectual property protection under Article 6ter of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property which is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization.
EUCLID offers graduate programs in:
- Diplomacy, International Law
- Mediation and Conflict Resolution
- Sustainable Development
- Islamic Finance
- Inter religious Dialogue
- Energy Studies
EUCLID’s structure is spelled out in the statutes considered as annex to the published treaties. Its administrative organs are:
- A Governing Board
- A Board of Advisors
- An Executive Board
- An Oversight Council
Secretaries-General and High Stewards
- Syed Zahid Ali (Secretary-General, 2008–present), appointed in Section X.4 of the statutes for a term of six years
- Banny deBrum, (High Steward, 2009-2011) Ambassador of the Republic of the Marshall Islands to the United States (2008-2011)
- Mohamed Toihiri, (High Steward, 2011-2012) Ambassador of the Union of the Comoros to the United States (2011-current)
- Hermenegilde Niyonzima, (Institutional High Steward, 2012–present) Ambassador of the Republic of Burundi to the United Nations (2012-current)
- Roubani Kaambi, (Diplomatic High Steward, 2012–present) Ambassador of the Union of the Comoros to the United States and United Nations (2012-current)
- International Organization for Sustainable Development
- EUROSTATE University Institute
- International Institute for Inter-Religious Dialogue and Diplomacy
- Center for Ecological Desertification and Reforestation
Cooperation with other intergovernmental bodies
EUCLID has signed agreements with:
- Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry, an affiliated institution of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
- Economic Community of West African States
- African Training and Research Centre in Administration for Development (CAFRAD)
- Association of African Universities
- United Nations Academic Impact
- GUNI (Global University Network for Innovation)
- United Nations Global Compact
Accreditation and recognition
UN / UNESCO / IAU status
The UNESCO-based International Association of Universities (IAU) does not include the “international universities” (i.e. European University Institute, the IMO International Maritime Law Institute, the United Nations University and the World Maritime University EUCLID was listed in the “List of Universities of the World” in 2011 and 2012 under this "Regional/International Institution" category, but the group was removed in November 2012. A letter from the United Nations Secretariat to the Permanent Representative of the Central African Republic to the United Nations from December 2012 indicates that in spite of not being listed in the IAU World Higher Education Database which only includes national institutions, "both IAU/UNESCO and the UN Secretariat recognize Euclide- Pole Universitaire Euclide and the other four UN institutions ... as being accredited." The letter also indicates that these institutions which are “regional or global in nature” will be included under their headquarters states in future editions of the IAU WHED database. The National UNESCO Commission of Gambia has posted its “UNESCO Portal to Recognized Higher Education Institutions” documents which describe EUCLID as “recognized / accredited”. In addition, “EUCLID University programmes” are also listed under the entry for the University of Bangui in the IAU Handbook of Universities.
In participating states and Africa
The 2008 intergovernmental agreement states in its Article I that “EUCLID is chartered to confer diplomas, degrees and completion certificates accredited by the ministries of Education of the Participating Parties.” Gambia and Timor-Leste indicate that the degrees issued by EUCLID upon completion of the required coursework will be legally valid for use in the country by the graduates. According to the Permanent Mission of the Central African Republic to the United Nations, the UNESCO Regional Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Certificates, Diplomas, Degrees and other Academic Qualifications in Higher Education in the African States applies to EUCLID with effect in the 22 ratifying States. EUCLID is since June 2012 a member of the Association of African Universities.
EUCLID is not a US-based university and it not accredited by an organization recognized by the U.S. Department of Education or Council on Higher Education Accreditation. The letters sent in 2012 by the governments of Burundi, Central African Republic and Comoros to the US State Department describe the institution as being “duly chartered to confer degrees by its Participating States and enjoys full academic accreditation according to its constitutive mandate under international law (Article I).” The state of Maine formerly listed “Euclid University” as an unaccredited institution. Maine removed the school from its list after receiving correspondence from EUCLID. Michigan published until 2012 a list of non-CHEA accredited universities who graduates could not use their degree for public service employment, a list that included Euclid University (and the United Nations University). Following an exchange of letters with EUCLID, Michigan no longer maintains a list of unaccredited institutions, but advises that EUCLID graduates and all graduates from non-CHEA accredited universities applying for jobs with the State of Michigan must demonstrate that their degrees are equivalent to studies at a similar school accredited by a CHEA-recognized accrediting body. As of July 2013, the Oregon Office of Degree Authorization (ODA) posts that “ODA is currently evaluating the present legal status of this entity.” The Texas listing indicates that Euclid University degrees are not legal to use in Texas as of August 2012. Progress in these processes is documented on EUCLID’s “legal affairs” page.
Verifile, a private UK-based company, published in December 2011 a report criticizing the existence of intergovernmental universities in general as “procedurally unfortunate, academically risky and generative of a high potential for confusion and dispute” and of EUCLID in particular. The report also accused the International Association of Universities of having “erroneously listed Euclid as an international degree granter” when it included EUCLID in its list of “Regional/International” institutions in May 2011 because “none of the nations has granted that authority and listed Euclid with UNESCO as a degree-granting university”. In January 2012, IAU appears to have refuted the claim by maintaining the listing and adding to the EUCLIDE entry: “This institution has been included at the request of the Permanent Delegation of the Central African Republic to UNESCO”. The Verifile “Accredibase” report was also reviewed and replied to by EUCLID in parallel with the publication of an article entitled “Understanding the Legal Status and Degree-Granting Authority of the ‘Regional-International’ Universities”.
The Permanent Missions of the Central African Republic and Comoros to the United Nations have also documented and refuted the Accredibase claims. As of August 2012, Accredibase maintained the “unaccredited” designation and in return EUCLID lists Verifile/Accredibase in its own list of “Unqualified entities”.
- EUCLIDE et la République Centrafricaine
- (Entry for January 2008)
- "Intergovernmental body and ICCI partner fosters inter-religious dialogue and Islamic cooperation". Organization of Islamic Cooperation. August 2011.
- Permanent Mission of the Union of the Comoros to the United Nations - EUCLID Documents
- "Statement of Treaties and International Agreements". Treaties.un.org. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- Amadou Jallow (28 June 2013), EUCLID to transfer headquarters to Gambia, Gambia Daily Observer
- IANA — .INT Policy & Proccedures
- Institut Fédéral de la Propriété Intellectuelle (19 May 2010), Exécution de la loi fédérale du 15 décembre 1961 concernant la protection des noms et emblèmes de l’Organisation des Nations Unies et d’autres organisations intergouvernementales, The Federal Authorities of the Swiss Confederation
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- The LOT3 Project in Eritrea
- Ambassador from Marshall Islands: Who is Banny deBrum? - AllGov - News - Appointments and Resignations
- Permanent Mission of the Union of the Comoros to the United Nations - The Ambassador
- EUCLID Administration
- OIC Journal Issue 18 English
- EUCLID ECOWAS Partnership and Scholarships
- "Association of Africa Universities". Aau.org. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- "Eight entities ratified as new GUNi Members during the Executive Committee Meeting, held in February — Global University Network for Innovation". Guninetwork.org. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- "Academic Participants". Unglobalcompact.org. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- List of HEIs (Higher Education Institutions) - List of Universities of the World - by the International Association of Universities
- Martha Helena Lopez, United Nations, Director, Strategic Planning and Staffing Division (December 10, 2012). "Reply to letter with reference 0218/RCA/MP/ONU-12". Permanent Mission of the Central African Republic to the United Nations official website.
- The Gambia National Commission for UNESCO (June 2013), UNESCO Portal Documents, The Gambia National Commission for UNESCO
- "Open Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Participating EUCLID Parties regarding their Participation in the Educational Framework defined herein". EUCLID. March 2008.
- "EUCLID Instrument of Participation and Approval Government of The Gambia". EUCLID. July 2012.
- "EUCLID Instrument of Participation and Approval Government of Timor-Leste". EUCLID. May 2011.
- UNESCO | Education - Regional Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Certificates, Diplomas, Degrees and other Academic Qualifications in Higher Education in the African St...
- EUCLID (Pôle Universitaire Euclide / Euclid University) News and Events
- "Re: Transmission of Documents Regarding Euclide and Graduates" (PDF). Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- Wanda Monthey (July 28, 2010). "Copy of Official Email Communication, State of Maine". EUCLID University website.
- "Maine DOE - Higher Education". Maine.gov. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- John Gnodtke, General Counsel of Michigan Civil Service Commission (February 26, 2012). "Re: Transmission of Legal Document by email and fax". EUCLID University website.
- "THECB - Institutions Whose Degrees are Illegal to Use in Texas". Thecb.state.tx.us. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- EUCLID. "EUCLID Legal Affairs and Enforcement". Euclid.int. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- Accredibase - Status of Euclid University
- EUCLID. "EUCLID vs Accredibase Verifile". Euclid.int. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- "EUCLIDE et la République Centrafricaine". Pmcar.org. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- "Permanent Mission of the Union of the Comoros to the United Nations - EUCLID Documents". Un.int. 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- EUCLID (Euclid University) - Official and Deceptive Entities