EUCLID (university)

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(Euclid University, Pôle Universitaire Euclide)
Headquarters Gambia (current) and Central African Republic (historic)
Membership 12 Participating States
 -  Secretary-General Pakistan Syed Zahid Ali
 -  Institutional High Steward Burundi Ambassador Herménégilde Niyonzima
 -  Diplomatic High Steward Comoros Ambassador Roubani Kaambi
 -  Entry into force of Open Memorandum of Understanding I-49006 2008 

EUCLID, also called Pôle Universitaire Euclide or Euclid University, is an international intergovernmental organization with a university charter established in 2008 and headquartered in The Gambia.

History and legal status[edit]

EUCLID’s origins are connected with the creation of a group of universities called “Euclid Consortium” by the University of Bangui and the University of N’Djamena in 2006. The project was administered by the International Organization for Sustainable Development, an international non-governmental organization headed by Syed Zahid Ali.[1]

Conceived as an international extension for the University of Bangui, EUCLID was redefined and constituted and a distinct institution in 2008 by an intergovernmental convention. The same year, the rector of the University of Bangui, Faustin-Archange Touadera was appointed as Prime Minister, and signed the convention formalising his country’s participation in EUCLID in 2010.[2]

In January 2008, Syed Zahid Ali, acting as Secretary-General of IOSD, presented to various governments a new legal framework called EUCLID Phase 2.[3] Several governments interested in using the Euclid programs to train their own staff approved the statutes of the new international university in 2008 and 2009.[4]

According the Ministry of Higher Education of The Gambia, “According to the normative practice of international law regarding intergovernmental universities, EUCLID was granted degree-granting authority under Article 1 with a clause of accreditation by the Ministries of Education”.[5]

Participating states[edit]

Country Joined Signatory position Comment
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2008 Minister of Education With treaty registration
 Sierra Leone, Republic of 2008 Minister of Foreign Affairs With treaty registration
 Eritrea, State of 2008 Minister of Foreign Affairs With treaty registration
 Uganda, Republic of 2008 Minister of Foreign Affairs With treaty registration
 Vanuatu, Republic of 2008 Minister of Foreign Affairs No treaty registration
 Senegal, Republic of 2009 Minister to the President With treaty registration
 Benin, Republic of 2009 Director of Cabinet of the Minister of Foreign Affairs No treaty registration
 Comoros, Union of 2009 Permanent Representative to United Nations With treaty registration
 Burundi, Republic of 2010 Minister of Foreign Affairs With treaty registration
 Central African Republic 2010 Prime Minister With treaty registration, only signed 49007
 Timor-Leste, Democratic Republic of 2011 Minister of Education With treaty registration
 Gambia, Republic of the 2012 Minister of Education With treaty registration

Treaty registration and publication[edit]

The two intergovernmental agreements which are EUCLID’s “constitutive text”[6] were published in the United Nations Treaty Series in November 2011.[7]

The agreements signed by the Gambia have been registered by the Permanent Mission of the Gambia to the United Nations in 2013 but are not yet published.[8]


In 2011, EUCLID signed a first headquarters agreement with the Central African Republic and obtained office space in the Prime Minister’s building and on the campus of the University of Bangui. Due to unrest in the country which began in December 2012, EUCLID relocated its headquarters to the Republic of The Gambia in 2013.[9]

Domain and trademarks[edit]

EUCLID flag as registered with WIPO

EUCLID (University) is defined as an having international legal personality and was granted a .int domain name under IANA regulations.[10] As an “international intergovernmental organization”, the institution also enjoys intellectual property protection under Article 6ter of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property which is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization.[11][12]

Academic programs[edit]

EUCLID offers graduate programs in:

  • Diplomacy, International Law
  • Mediation and Conflict Resolution
  • Sustainable Development
  • Islamic Finance
  • Inter religious Dialogue
  • Energy Studies
  • International Public Health

EUCLID was also involved in delivering distance-learning programs to civil servants in cooperation with the Ministry of Education of Eritrea between 2008 and 2012.[13][14]


EUCLID’s structure is spelled out in the statutes considered as annex to the published treaties. Its administrative organs are:

  • A Governing Board
  • A Board of Advisors
  • An Executive Board
  • An Oversight Council

Secretaries-General and High Stewards[edit]

  • Syed Zahid Ali (Secretary-General, 2008–present), appointed in Section X.4 of the statutes for a term of six years
  • Banny deBrum, (High Steward, 2009-2011) Ambassador of the Republic of the Marshall Islands to the United States (2008-2011)[15]
  • Mohamed Toihiri, (High Steward, 2011-2012) Ambassador of the Union of the Comoros to the United States (2011-current)[16]
  • Hermenegilde Niyonzima, (Institutional High Steward, 2012–present) Ambassador of the Republic of Burundi to the United Nations (2012-current)[17]
  • Roubani Kaambi, (Diplomatic High Steward, 2012–present) Ambassador of the Union of the Comoros to the United States and United Nations (2012-current)[17]

Affiliated institutes[edit]

Cooperation with other intergovernmental bodies[edit]

EUCLID has signed agreements with:


In his personal capacity, the EUCLID Secretary General is a member of the International Association of University Presidents.[26]

Accreditation and recognition[edit]

Headquarters State[edit]

The National UNESCO Commission of Gambia has posted its “UNESCO Portal to Recognized Higher Education Institutions” documents which describe EUCLID as “recognized / accredited”.[27] The Ministry of Higher Education indicated in 2013 that it was “the proper accrediting body and oversight authority of higher education in The Gambia” and acknowledged “the charter, academic accreditation and legal recognition granted to EUCLID in the instrument of participation signed on July 15, 2012”. It also indicated that “EUCLID will also participate in any Quality Assurance Framework being implemented to ensure ongoing conformity with updated processes of academic accreditation.” In April 2014, EUCLID announced that it would transition to the new Gambia AQAA accreditation system which will be introduced in the Gambia by the end of the year.[28][29]

UN / UNESCO / IAU status[edit]

Historically, the UNESCO-based International Association of Universities (IAU) did not include the five “international universities” (i.e. EUCLID, the European University Institute, the IMO International Maritime Law Institute, the United Nations University and the World Maritime University[30] in its World Higher Education Database. This issue was addressed by the United Nations in a December 2012 letter to the Permanent Representative of the Central African Republic stating that "both IAU/UNESCO and the UN Secretariat recognize Euclide- Pole Universitaire Euclide and the other four UN institutions ... as being accredited" in spite of not being included in WHED. The UN also indicated that these institutions which are “regional or global in nature” would be included under their headquarters states in future editions of the IAU WHED database.[31] Afterwards, IAU removed its “Regional/International” group and began transferring these institutions under their headquarters state. Following its headquarters relocation in 2013, three governments formally notified the United Nations of the new listing[32] and EUCLID was submitted for inclusion in the WHED in November 2013 by the Permanent Delegation of The Gambia to UNESCO.[33]

In Participating States and Africa[edit]

The 2008 intergovernmental agreement states in its Article I that “EUCLID is chartered to confer diplomas, degrees and completion certificates accredited by the ministries of Education of the Participating Parties.”[34] Gambia[35] and Timor-Leste[36] indicate that the degrees issued by EUCLID upon completion of the required coursework will be legally valid for use in the country by the graduates. According to the Permanent Mission of the Central African Republic to the United Nations, the UNESCO Regional Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Certificates, Diplomas, Degrees and other Academic Qualifications in Higher Education in the African States applies to EUCLID with effect in the 22 ratifying States.[37][38] EUCLID is since June 2012 a member of the Association of African Universities[39] which requires its members to be accredited.[40]

United States[edit]

EUCLID is not a US-based university and it not accredited by an organization recognized by the U.S. Department of Education or Council on Higher Education Accreditation. The letters sent in 2012 by the governments of Burundi, Central African Republic and Comoros to the US State Department describe the institution as being “duly chartered to confer degrees by its Participating States and enjoys full academic accreditation according to its constitutive mandate under international law (Article I).”[41] The state of Maine formerly listed “Euclid University” as an unaccredited institution. Maine removed the school from its list after receiving correspondence from EUCLID.[42][43] Michigan published until 2012 a list of non-CHEA accredited universities who graduates could not use their degree for public service employment, a list that included Euclid University (and the United Nations University). Following an exchange of letters with EUCLID, Michigan no longer maintains a list of unaccredited institutions, but advises that EUCLID graduates and all graduates from non-CHEA accredited universities applying for jobs with the State of Michigan must demonstrate that their degrees are equivalent to studies at a similar school accredited by a CHEA-recognized accrediting body.[44][45] In December 2013, following a correspondence with EUCLID’s legal counsel and two ambassadors to the United States, Oregon's Attorney General’s office wrote that the Oregon Office of Degree Authorization (ODA) had stopped maintaining and publishing its list of unrecognised universities. Regarding "Euclid University", the ODA had since 2008 posted a notice that “ODA is currently evaluating the present legal status of this entity.”[46] As of March 2014, the Texas listing indicates that Euclid University is still under review.[47] EUCLID has posted the relevant correspondence regarding these processes on its “legal affairs” page.[48]

Accredibase criticism[edit]

Verifile, a private UK-based company, published in December 2011 a report[49] criticizing the existence of intergovernmental universities in general as “procedurally unfortunate, academically risky and generative of a high potential for confusion and dispute” and of EUCLID in particular. The report also accused the International Association of Universities of having “erroneously listed Euclid as an international degree granter” when it included EUCLID in its list of “Regional/International” institutions in May 2011 because “none of the nations has granted that authority and listed Euclid with UNESCO as a degree-granting university”. In November, The Gambia did register EUCLID with IAU to be filed under The Gambia as headquarters state. The Verifile “Accredibase” report was also reviewed and replied to by EUCLID[50] in parallel with the publication of an article entitled “Understanding the Legal Status and Degree-Granting Authority of the ‘Regional-International’ Universities”.[51]

Several Permanent Missions to the United Nations have also documented and refuted the Accredibase claims and in January 2013 notified the government of the United Kingdom and the ERIC NARIC Network that “Accredibate, a private UK label, is to be dismissed”.[52][53] As of August 2012, Accredibase maintained the “unaccredited” designation and in return EUCLID lists Verifile/Accredibase in its own list of “Unqualified entities”.[54]


  1. ^ "ACUNS Euclid University". Academic Council of the United Nations System. March 2014. 
  2. ^ "EUCLIDE et la République Centrafricaine". Permanent Mission of the Central African Republic. October 2012. 
  3. ^ "News for January 2008". International Organization for Sustainable Development. January 2008. 
  4. ^ "Intergovernmental body and ICCI partner fosters inter-religious dialogue and Islamic cooperation". Organization of Islamic Cooperation. August 2011. 
  5. ^ "Official Circular". Ministry of Higher Education. 27 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "Documents of the Permanent Mission of the Comoros to the United Nations". Permanent Mission of the Comoros to the United Nations. December 2011. 
  7. ^ "Statement of Treaties and International Agreements". Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  8. ^ "Note Verbale of the Permanent Mission of The Gambia to the United Nations". Permanent Mission of the Gambia to the United Nations. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  9. ^ Amadou Jallow (28 June 2013), EUCLID to transfer headquarters to Gambia, Gambia Daily Observer 
  10. ^ IANA (1 June 2008), IANA — .INT Policy & Procedures, IANA 
  11. ^ WIPO (1 June 2008), Article 6ter of the Paris Convention, WIPO 
  12. ^ Institut Fédéral de la Propriété Intellectuelle (19 May 2010), Exécution de la loi fédérale du 15 décembre 1961 concernant la protection des noms et emblèmes de l’Organisation des Nations Unies et d’autres organisations intergouvernementales, The Federal Authorities of the Swiss Confederation 
  13. ^ Shabait (1 July 2012), 58 civil servants obtain bachelors and masters degrees on the basis of distance learning, WIPO 
  14. ^ Shabait (1 July 2012), The LOT3 Project in Eritrea, EUCLID 
  15. ^ Ambassador from Marshall Islands: Who is Banny deBrum? - AllGov - News - Appointments and Resignations
  16. ^ Permanent Mission of the Union of the Comoros to the United Nations - The Ambassador
  17. ^ a b EUCLID Administration
  18. ^ "OIC Journal Issue 18 English". ICCI. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  19. ^ EUCLID ECOWAS Partnership and Scholarships
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^ "Association of Africa Universities". Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  23. ^
  24. ^ "Eight entities ratified as new GUNi Members during the Executive Committee Meeting, held in February — Global University Network for Innovation". Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  25. ^ "Academic Participants". Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  26. ^
  27. ^ The Gambia National Commission for UNESCO (June 2013), UNESCO Portal Documents, The Gambia National Commission for UNESCO 
  28. ^ EUCLID (April 2014), EUCLID Home Page, 
  29. ^ Omar Wally (January 2014), MOHRST validate AQAA legal framework, 
  30. ^ List of HEIs (Higher Education Institutions) - List of Universities of the World - by the International Association of Universities
  31. ^ Martha Helena Lopez, United Nations, Director, Strategic Planning and Staffing Division (December 10, 2012). "Reply to letter with reference 0218/RCA/MP/ONU-12". Permanent Mission of the Central African Republic to the United Nations official website. 
  32. ^ Permanent Delegation of Burundi to UNESCO (September 2013). "Joint Letter". Gambia National Commission for UNESCO. 
  33. ^ Permanent Delegation of The Gambia to UNESCO (November 2013). "Note Verbale". Gambia National Commission for UNESCO. 
  34. ^ "Open Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Participating EUCLID Parties regarding their Participation in the Educational Framework defined herein". EUCLID. March 2008. 
  35. ^ "EUCLID Instrument of Participation and Approval Government of The Gambia". EUCLID. July 2012. 
  36. ^ "EUCLID Instrument of Participation and Approval Government of Timor-Leste". EUCLID. May 2011. 
  37. ^ "EUCLIDE ("Euclid University") et la RCA". Permanent Mission Central African Republic. July 2012. 
  38. ^ UNESCO | Education - Regional Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Certificates, Diplomas, Degrees and other Academic Qualifications in Higher Education
  39. ^ EUCLID (Pôle Universitaire Euclide / Euclid University) News and Events
  40. ^
  41. ^ "Re: Transmission of Documents Regarding Euclide and Graduates" (PDF). Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
  42. ^ Wanda Monthey (July 28, 2010). "Copy of Official Email Communication, State of Maine". EUCLID University website. 
  43. ^ "Maine DOE - Higher Education". Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  44. ^ John Gnodtke, General Counsel of Michigan Civil Service Commission (February 26, 2012). "Re: Transmission of Legal Document by email and fax". EUCLID University website. 
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^ "THECB - Institutions Whose Degrees are Illegal to Use in Texas". Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  48. ^ EUCLID. "EUCLID Legal Affairs and Enforcement". Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  49. ^ Accredibase - Status of Euclid University
  50. ^ EUCLID. "EUCLID vs Accredibase Verifile". Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  51. ^
  52. ^ "Joint Letter to the United Kingdom". Retrieved 2014-03-28. 
  53. ^ "Permanent Mission of the Union of the Comoros to the United Nations - EUCLID Documents". 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  54. ^ EUCLID (Euclid University) - Official and Deceptive Entities

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°24′24″N 16°43′38″W / 13.406532°N 16.727173°W / 13.406532; -16.727173