|Type||Rapid reaction force|
|Size||300 soldiers - EUFOR Concordia
2,503 soldiers - EUFOR Althea
2,500 soldiers - EUFOR RD Congo
4,300 soldiers - EUFOR Tchad/RCA
|Part of||European Union Military Staff|
|Engagements||Republic of Macedonia (2003)
Bosnia and Herzegovina (2004)
Democratic Rep. of the Congo (2006)
Central African Republic (2007)
EUFOR or European Union Force is a generic name for a rapid reaction force operated by the European Union as part of the Common Security and Defence Policy. EUFOR is subordinate to the European Union Military Staff, and complements other EU military forces such as Eurocorps, the European Gendarmerie Force, European Maritime Force and EU Battlegroups. EUFOR has been used four times so far: in the Republic of Macedonia from March 2003 to December 2003 as EUFOR Concordia, in Bosnia from 2004 as EUFOR Althea, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2006, and in Chad and the Central African Republic since 2007.
EUFOR Althea is a military deployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina to oversee the military implementation of the Dayton Agreement. It is the successor to SFOR and IFOR. The transition from SFOR to EUFOR was largely a change of name and commanders: 80% of the troops remained in place. It replaced the NATO-led SFOR on 2 December 2004.
EUFOR DR Congo
The acronym EUFOR was also used for a short deployment in 2006 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. On 25 April 2006, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1671 (2006), authorising the temporary deployment of an EU force to support the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) during the period encompassing the elections in the DR Congo, which began on 30 July.
- Overseas interventions of the European Union
- European Gendarmerie Force
- European Maritime Force
- EU Battlegroup
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