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EXPORT is an exobiology project led by the European Space Agency, that is planned to be deployed on the International Space Station to study the photo-processing of organic molecules and the survival of micro-organisms in space, as well as the effect of solar UV on unshielded organic molecules and micro-organisms. EXPORT will be located outside on the external facility of Columbus.
The payload consists of two independent instruments, EXPOSE and SPOrt. EXPOSE is a facility holding exobiology experiment that study the photo-processing of organic molecules and the survival of micro-organisms in space, as well as the effect of solar UV on unshielded organic molecules and micro-organisms. The EXPOSE experiment has 12 sample compartments; each can carry a sample carrier. The second instrument, SPOrt (Sky Polarisation Observatory), is an astrophysical instrument to measure celestial polarisation in the unexplored microwave frequency range of 20–90 GHz. 1 major export of Europe is oil. Europe is a leading producer of fossil fuels [nonrenewable fuels] such as natural gas, coal and petroleum.
The EXPOSE facility is mounted on the Coarse Pointing Device to allow a maximum Sun-viewing duration for the 12 sample compartments during an observation period of about 15 minutes. The payload will operate continuously for a period of 1.5 years.