E (New York City Subway service)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2014)|
|Eighth Avenue Local|
Note:Dashed line shows late night only service
Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to 179th Street
|Northern end||Jamaica Center – Parsons / Archer or Jamaica – 179th Street (limited rush hour service)|
|Southern end||World Trade Center|
The E Eighth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. It is colored vivid blue on route signs, station signs, and the official subway map, since it runs on the IND Eighth Avenue Line through Manhattan.
The E service operates at all times. The normal service pattern for the E is between Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer in Jamaica, Queens, and World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, running express on the IND Queens Boulevard Line in Queens and local in Manhattan.
During late nights, the E service runs local along its entire route. It also serves two local stops in eastern Queens (75th Avenue and Briarwood – Van Wyck Boulevard) on evenings and weekends. Limited rush hour service runs fully express[note 1] to and from 179th Street at the end of the Queens Boulevard Line in Jamaica, due to capacity issues at Jamaica Center.
The E train has no elevated or ground-level stations, remaining fully underground during its entire run.
On August 19, 1933, E service officially began, running between Roosevelt Avenue – Jackson Heights and the Hudson Terminal (current World Trade Center station).
During 1954, E trains ran express in Manhattan during rush hours.
In 1956, service was extended to Euclid Avenue during rush hours as a local. In 1960, the E train became an express in Brooklyn and was extended to the Rockaways, with some put-ins beginning at Euclid Avenue and later Lefferts Boulevard during rush hours. On January 6, 1974, the E train became local in Brooklyn again, running to Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street only. On August 27, 1976, E service in Brooklyn was eliminated with all trains terminating at World Trade Center, being replaced by the CC local.
On December 11, 1988, the IND Archer Avenue Line opened. E trains were rerouted via this branch, stopping at the upper level of Sutphin Boulevard and Jamaica Center stations. The E train now skipped 75th Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard on weekdays. R service was extended to 179th Street, because the E used to provide Hillside Avenue Local service but this was later discontinued when the F became the local. In 1997, E service began running local in Queens during late nights.
Service on the E was affected by the September 11, 2001 attacks as its terminal station is located at the northeastern corner of the World Trade Center site. It went to Euclid Avenue in Brooklyn as the local on the IND Fulton Street Line at all times except late nights, replacing the temporarily suspended C service—the third time it had served the borough. This had happened in 1976, and again in early 2000 during the replacement of track switches at the World Trade Center station. On September 24, 2001, C service was restored, and E service was cut to Canal Street (since World Trade Center would be closed until January). On December 16, 2001, the connection from the 63rd Street Tunnel to the Queens Boulevard Line opened, and F trains were rerouted via this connector to travel between Manhattan and Queens. Some rush hour E trains now run to 179th Street, allowing passengers from east of Union Turnpike to have an express service to 53rd Street. This is also due to the lack of capacity at Jamaica Center during rush hours.
The EE originally ran as an 8th Avenue local from 71st–Continental Avenues and Chambers Street during off peak hours when the GG didn't run. This service was discontinued when the IND Sixth Avenue Line was completed in 1940. However, the EE reappeared in 1967 when it ran between 71st–Continental Avenues and Whitehall Street via the local tracks of the BMT Broadway Line, replacing the QT and RR. This service was discontinued in 1976 and replaced by the N. The route of the EE to Whitehall Street is currently duplicated by the R service.
The following table shows the lines used by the E service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
|IND Archer Avenue Line (full line)||Jamaica Center – Parsons / Archer||Jamaica – Van Wyck||all|
|IND Queens Boulevard Line (full line)||Jamaica – 179th Street||Sutphin Boulevard||express|
|Briarwood – Van Wyck Boulevard||75th Avenue|
|Forest Hills – 71st Avenue||Queens Plaza||express|
|Court Square – 23rd Street||50th Street||all|
|IND Eighth Avenue Line||42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal||World Trade Center||local|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops late nights and weekends only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
- MTA NYC Transit – E Eighth Avenue Local
- "E Train Timetable, Effective December 15, 2013". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2013-12-23.