E (New York City Subway service)
|Eighth Avenue Local|
Note: Dashed line shows late night only service
Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to 179th Street
|Northern end||Jamaica Center – Parsons / Archer or Jamaica – 179th Street (limited rush hour service)|
|Southern end||World Trade Center|
34 (including limited rush hour service to 179th Street)
The E Eighth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is vivid blue since it uses the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan. E trains operate at all times between Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer in Jamaica, Queens, and Chambers Street – World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, running express on the IND Queens Boulevard Line in Queens (except nights when they serve all stops) and local in Manhattan. They also serve two local stops in eastern Queens (75th Avenue and Briarwood – Van Wyck Boulevard) on evenings and weekends. Limited rush hour service runs fully express[note 1] to and from 179th Street at the end of the Queens Boulevard Line, due to lack of capacity at Jamaica Center.
On April 9, 1936 the Houston St Line was extended through the Rutgers Street Tunnel to Jay Street – Borough Hall, and E trains were extended via this line and the IND Culver Line to Church Avenue, replacing the A train.
On December 31, 1936, and on April 24, 1937, E service was extended when the Queens Boulevard Line was extended to Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike and 169th Street, respectively. E trains began running express service to Continental Avenue on April 24, 1937.
On October 30, 1954, E trains began running to Hudson Terminal during non-rush hours, and began running express in Manhattan during rush hours.
On June 28, 1956, the LIRR Rockaway line opened after being converted for subway service and E service was extended from East New York to Rockaway Park or Wavecrest during rush hours. During non-rush hours, service was provided by shuttle service between Euclid and Rockaway Park or Wavecrest.
On September 16, 1956 rush hour E service was cut back to Euclid Avenue when Rockaway service was replaced by the A train. The A and E later switched southern terminals again, and on September 8, 1958 the E began running to the Rockaways during rush hours.
On June 10, 1960 some E trains were extended to Lefferts Boulevard due to complaints.
In 1963-1964 the E was extended to the Rockaways during rush hours, with some put-ins beginning at Euclid Avenue and later Lefferts Boulevard.
On August 27, 1976, E service in Brooklyn was eliminated with all trains terminating at World Trade Center (the local platform). Brooklyn service was replaced by the CC local.
On December 11, 1988, the IND Archer Avenue Line opened. E trains were rerouted via this branch, stopping at the upper level of Sutphin Boulevard and Jamaica Center stations. The E train now skipped 75th Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard on weekdays. R service was extended to 179th Street, because the E used to provide Hillside Avenue Local service but this was later discontinued when the F became the local. A few rush hour trains continue to operate to 179th Street.
During the early part of 2000, because of the replacement of track switches at the World Trade Center station, the E was extended to Euclid Avenue at all times except late nights, when it operated to Canal Street.
Service on the E was affected by the September 11, 2001 attacks, as its terminal station, World Trade Center, was located at the northeastern corner of the World Trade Center site. For a time, the E operated to Euclid Avenue in Brooklyn as the local on the IND Fulton Street Line at all times except late nights, replacing the temporarily suspended C service. On September 24, 2001, C service was restored, and E service was cut back to Canal Street, since World Trade Center would be closed until January 2002.
On Sunday, December 16, 2001, the connection from the 63rd Street Tunnel to the Queens Boulevard Line opened, and F trains were rerouted via this connector to travel between Manhattan and Queens. Some rush hour E trains now ran to 179th Street, allowing passengers from east of Union Turnpike to have an express service to 53rd Street. This was also due to the lack of capacity at Jamaica Center during rush hours.
The EE originally ran as an Eighth Avenue local between 71st–Continental Avenues and Chambers Street during off peak hours when the GG didn't run. This service was discontinued when the IND Sixth Avenue Line was completed in 1940. However, the EE reappeared in 1967 when it ran between 71st–Continental Avenues and Whitehall Street via the local tracks of the BMT Broadway Line, replacing the QT and RR. This service was discontinued in 1976 and replaced by the N. The route of the EE to Whitehall Street is currently duplicated by the R service.
The following table shows the lines used by the E service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
|IND Archer Avenue Line (full line)||Jamaica Center – Parsons / Archer||Jamaica – Van Wyck||all|
|IND Queens Boulevard Line (full line)||Jamaica – 179th Street||Sutphin Boulevard||express|
|Briarwood – Van Wyck Boulevard||75th Avenue|
|Forest Hills – 71st Avenue||Queens Plaza||express|
|Court Square – 23rd Street||50th Street||all|
|IND Eighth Avenue Line||42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal||World Trade Center||local|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops late nights and weekends only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
- E signs are located above the express tracks at Parsons Boulevard, showing that trains skip 169th Street. Part of one of these signs can be seen in this 2004 photo.
- Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only.
- Chambers Street – World Trade Center are actually counted as two separate stations by the MTA. The E train terminates at World Trade Center while the A C trains have through service at Chambers Street.
- Elevator temporarily out of service for construction at the World Trade Center site
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to E (New York City Subway service).|
- MTA NYC Transit – E Eighth Avenue Local
- "E Subway Timetable, Effective December 7, 2014". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2015-01-02.