E (New York City Subway service)

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Eighth Avenue Local
E symbol
E map
Note: Dashed line shows late night only service
Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to 179th Street
Northern end Jamaica Center – Parsons / Archer or Jamaica – 179th Street (limited rush hour service)
Southern end World Trade Center
Stations 32
34 (including limited rush hour service to 179th Street)
Rolling stock R160
Depot Jamaica Yard

The E Eighth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is vivid blue since it uses the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan.[1] E trains operate at all times between Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer in Jamaica, Queens, and Chambers Street – World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, running express on the IND Queens Boulevard Line in Queens (except nights when they serve all stops) and local in Manhattan. They also serve two local stops in eastern Queens (75th Avenue and Briarwood) on evenings and weekends. Limited rush hour service runs fully express[note 1] to and from 179th Street at the end of the Queens Boulevard Line, due to lack of capacity at Jamaica Center.

History[edit]

E Train (1967-1979).svgEE Train (1967-1976).svg
1967–1979 bullets
A train made of R160 cars in E service at 42nd Street – PABT.

On August 19, 1933, E service officially began, running between Roosevelt Avenue – Jackson Heights and the Hudson Terminal (current World Trade Center station).[2]

On January 1, 1936, the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened to East Broadway and the E was extended there.[2] On April 9 of the same year, the Sixth Avenue Line was extended through the Rutgers Street Tunnel to Jay Street – Borough Hall, and E trains were extended via this line and the IND Culver Line to Church Avenue, replacing the A train.[2] E service was again extended when the Queens Boulevard Line was extended to Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike on December 31, 1936,[3][4] and then to 169th Street on April 24, 1937.[5][6] E trains began running express service to Continental Avenue on April 24, 1937.[2]

On September 12, 1938, several weekday rush hour trains began terminating at Jay Street in the morning, and a few began starting at Smith–Ninth Streets in the evening.[2] Between 1939 and 1940, select PM E trains ran to-and-from the Horace Harding Boulevard terminal at the 1939 New York World's Fair, terminating at Hudson Terminal in Manhattan. Service ended following the fair.[7][8]

On December 15, 1940, service on the entire Sixth Avenue Line began. The E was cut back to Broadway – Lafayette Street. South of that station, it was replaced by the F train. On October 24, 1949, however, the E was extended during rush hours to Broadway – East New York running via Fulton Street Local.[9]

On December 10, 1950, 179th Street opened. E service terminated there, running express between Queens Plaza and 71st Avenue and local from 71st Avenue to 179th Street.[2][10][11][12] Then, on October 30, 1954, E trains began running to Hudson Terminal during non-rush hours, and began running express in Manhattan during rush hours.

On June 28, 1956, the LIRR Rockaway Beach Branch re-opened as the IND Rockaway Line after being converted for subway service[13] and E service was extended from East New York to Rockaway Park or Wavecrest during rush hours. During non-rush hours, service was provided by shuttle service between Euclid and Rockaway Park or Wavecrest.[2][9]

On September 16, 1956, rush hour E service was cut back to Euclid Avenue when Rockaway service was replaced by the A train. The A and E later switched southern terminals again, and on September 8, 1958 the E began running to the Rockaways during rush hours.[9] On September 8, 1959, the E began running express to Euclid Avenue, while the A became local;[2][9] however, in 1960, the E train became an express in Brooklyn and was extended to the Rockaways, with some put-ins beginning at Euclid Avenue and later Lefferts Boulevard during rush hours.[2] Some E trains were extended to Lefferts Boulevard in June of that year due to complaints.[2] In 1963–4, the E was extended to the Rockaways during rush hours, with some put-ins beginning at Euclid Avenue and later Lefferts Boulevard.[2] On January 2, 1973, the E train became the local in Brooklyn again, running to Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street only.[2] Finally, on August 27, 1976, E service in Brooklyn was eliminated with all trains terminating at World Trade Center (the local platform). Brooklyn service was replaced by the CC local.[2][14]

On December 11, 1988, the IND Archer Avenue Line opened. E trains were rerouted via this branch, stopping at the upper level of Sutphin Boulevard and Jamaica Center stations. The E train now skipped 75th Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard on weekdays. R service was extended to 179th Street, replacing the E as the Hillside Avenue Local service, but this was later discontinued when the F became the local. A few rush hour trains continue to operate to 179th Street.[2]

On August 31, 1997, E service began running local in Queens during late nights.[2]

During the early part of 2000, because of the replacement of track switches at the World Trade Center station, the E was extended to Euclid Avenue at all times except late nights, when it operated to Canal Street.[2] Service on the E was again affected by the September 11 attacks in 2001, as its terminal station, World Trade Center, was located at the northeastern corner of the World Trade Center site, so for a time, the E again operated to Euclid Avenue in Brooklyn as the local on the IND Fulton Street Line at all times except late nights, replacing the temporarily suspended C service. On September 24, 2001, C service was restored, and E service was cut back to Canal Street, since World Trade Center would be closed until January 2002.

On December 16, 2001, the connection from the IND 63rd Street Line to the Queens Boulevard Line opened, and F trains were rerouted via this connector to travel between Manhattan and Queens. Some rush hour E trains now ran to 179th Street, allowing passengers on Hillside Avenue east of Union Turnpike to have an express service to 53rd Street. This was also due to the lack of capacity at Jamaica Center during rush hours.

EE service[edit]

The EE originally ran as an Eighth Avenue local between 71st–Continental Avenues and Chambers Street during off peak hours when the GG didn't run.[15] This service was discontinued when the IND Sixth Avenue Line was completed in 1940. However, the EE reappeared in 1967 when it ran between 71st–Continental Avenues and Whitehall Street via the local tracks of the BMT Broadway Line, replacing the QT and RR.[16][14] This service was discontinued in 1976 and replaced by the N.[17] The route of the EE to Whitehall Street is currently duplicated by the R service.

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the E service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:

Line From To Tracks Times
rush
peak
week
days
week
ends
late
nights
IND Archer Avenue Line (full line) Jamaica Center – Parsons / Archer Jamaica – Van Wyck all        
IND Queens Boulevard Line (full line) Jamaica – 179th Street Sutphin Boulevard express        
Briarwood 75th Avenue  
local        
Forest Hills – 71st Avenue Queens Plaza express      
local        
Court Square – 23rd Street 50th Street all      
IND Eighth Avenue Line 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal World Trade Center local

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops late nights and weekends Stops late nights and weekends only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
E service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections/Other Notes
Queens
Queens Boulevard Line rush hour service
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Jamaica – 179th Street Handicapped/disabled access F all times Q3 bus to JFK Airport
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Parsons Boulevard F all times
Archer Avenue Line (regular service)
Stops all times Jamaica Center – Parsons / Archer Handicapped/disabled access J all times Z rush hours, peak direction
Stops all times Sutphin Boulevard – Archer Avenue – JFK Airport Handicapped/disabled access J all times Z rush hours, peak direction LIRR at Jamaica
AirTrain JFK
Stops all times Jamaica – Van Wyck Handicapped/disabled access
Queens Boulevard Line regular service (services from 179th Street and Jamaica Center merge)
Stops late nights and weekends Briarwood F all times
Stops all times Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike Handicapped/disabled access F all times Q10 bus to JFK Airport
Stops late nights and weekends 75th Avenue F all times
Stops all times Forest Hills – 71st Avenue Handicapped/disabled access F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all hours except late nights LIRR Main Line at Forest Hills
Stops late nights only 67th Avenue
Stops late nights only 63rd Drive – Rego Park
Stops late nights only Woodhaven Boulevard
Stops late nights only Grand Avenue – Newtown
Stops late nights only Elmhurst Avenue
Stops all times Jackson Heights – Roosevelt Avenue Handicapped/disabled access 7 all times (IRT Flushing Line)
F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all hours except late nights
Q47 bus to LaGuardia Marine Air Terminal
Q70 Limited bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops late nights only 65th Street
Stops late nights only Northern Boulevard
Stops late nights only 46th Street
Stops late nights only Steinway Street
Stops late nights only 36th Street
Stops all times Queens Plaza Handicapped/disabled access M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all hours except late nights
Stops all times Court Square – 23rd Street M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
G all times (IND Crosstown Line)
7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
Manhattan
Stops all times Lexington Avenue – 53rd Street Handicapped/disabled access 4 late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at 51st Street)
M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times Fifth Avenue / 53rd Street M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times Seventh Avenue B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times
Stops all times 50th Street Handicapped/disabled access[note 2] A late nights C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Eighth Avenue Line between 42nd Street and World Trade Center
Stops all times 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal Handicapped/disabled access A all times C all except late nights
1 all times 2 all times 3 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
N all times Q all times R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
at Times Square – 42nd Street
Port Authority Bus Terminal
M34A Select Bus Service
Stops all times 34th Street – Penn Station Handicapped/disabled access A all times C all except late nights M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops all times 23rd Street A late nights C all except late nights
Stops all times 14th Street Handicapped/disabled access A all times C all except late nights
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
Stops all times West Fourth Street – Washington Square Handicapped/disabled access A all times C all except late nights
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
Stops all times Spring Street A late nights C all except late nights
Stops all times Canal Street A all times C all except late nights
Stops all times World Trade Center[note 3] Handicapped/disabled access[note 4] A all times C all except late nights
2 all times 3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
PATH at World Trade Center
Hoboken and Jersey City ferries

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ E signs are located above the express tracks at Parsons Boulevard, showing that trains skip 169th Street. Part of one of these signs can be seen in this 2004 photo.
  2. ^ Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only.
  3. ^ Chambers Street – World Trade Center are actually counted as two separate stations by the MTA. The E train terminates at World Trade Center while the A C trains have through service at Chambers Street.
  4. ^ Elevator temporarily out of service for construction at the World Trade Center site

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://web.mta.info/developers/resources/line_colors.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p http://www.erictb.info/linehistory.html
  3. ^ Scramble is Mild at subway opening Few Turn out at 7 AM in Kew Gardens to be first new station
  4. ^ Scramble is Mild at subway opening Few Turn out at 7 AM in Kew Gardens to be first new station
  5. ^ "Subway Link Opens Soon: City Line to Jamaica Will Start About April 24". nytimes.com. The New York Times. March 17, 1937. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Trial Run to Jamaica on Subway Tomorrow: Section From Kew Gardens to 169th Street Will Open to Public in Two Weeks". nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 9, 1937. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "HOW TO GET TO THE FAIR GROUNDS; BY SUBWAY". nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 30, 1939. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  8. ^ "NEW SUBWAY SPUR IS READY TO OPEN: First Train to Start Four Minutes Before the Fair Officially Begins". nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 17, 1939. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c d http://www.subchat.com/read.asp?Id=1014398
  10. ^ "PWA Party Views New Subway Link: Queens Section to Be Opened Tomorrow Is Inspected by Tuttle and Others". nytimes.com. The New York Times. December 30, 1936. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "New Subway Link Opening in Queens". nytimes.com. The New York Times. December 12, 1950. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Subway Link Opens Monday". nytimes.com. The New York Times. December 6, 1950. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  13. ^ Freeman, Ira Henry (June 28, 1956). "Rockaway Trains to Operate Today". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  14. ^ a b Fischler, Stan; Friedman, Richard (May 23, 1976). "Subways". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  15. ^ Danzig, Allison (September 7, 1939). "International Array of Stars Ready for Opening of U.S. Title Tennis Today; FOUR AUSTRALIANS STAY FOR TOURNEY Quist, Bromwich, Hopman and Crawford Get Permission to Play at Forest Hills RIGGS AMONG FAVORITES Hopes to Avenge Setback in Davis Cup Event--British Women to Seek Honors". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  16. ^ Perlmutter, Emanuel (November 16, 1967). "SUBWAY CHANGES TO SPEED SERVICE: Major Alterations in Maps, Routes and Signs Will Take Effect Nov. 26". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  17. ^ Burks, Edward C. (August 14, 1976). "215 More Daily Subway Runs Will Be Eliminated by Aug. 30". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 

External links[edit]