E language

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For the computer programming language, see E (programming language).
Region China
Native speakers
30,000  (1992)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 eee
Glottolog eeee1240[2]

E (simplified Chinese: 诶话; traditional Chinese: 誒話; pinyin: Ē Huà) or Wuse (simplified Chinese: 五色话; traditional Chinese: 五色話; pinyin: Wŭsè Huà) is a TaiChinese mixed language. It is spoken by about 30,000 people, most of whom are classified as Zhuang by the Chinese government, living in the villages of Yongle and Sanfang Districts, Rongshui Miao Autonomous County, Guangxi. The speakers also refer to their language as Kjang E (Edmondson 1992:138).

The grammar is Tai, based on Northern Zhuang, Mulam, or Kam. The vocabulary is largely Chinese, based on Tuguai Pinghua and Guiliu Southwestern Mandarin. The Caolan language of Vietnam displays many similarities with E.


  1. ^ E at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "E". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Edmondson, Jerold A. 1992. "Fusion and diffusion in E, Guangxi Province, China". T. Dutton et al. (eds.) The language game: papers in memory of Donald C. Laycock (Pacific Linguistic Series, C-110). Department of Linguistics, Australian National University, Canberra, 135-144.