Eadgifu of Wessex

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Eadgifu of Wessex
Eadgifu of England ludvik4 mini.jpg
Eadgifu of Wessex, with her son Louis IV
Spouse Charles III of France
Herbert
Issue Louis IV
House House of Wessex (by birth)
Carolingian dynasty (by marriage)
Father Edward the Elder
Mother Ælfflæd
Born 902
Died After 955

Eadgifu or Edgifu, also known as Edgiva or Ogive (Old English: Ēadgifu; 902 – after 955) was a daughter[1] of Edward the Elder, King of Wessex and England, and his second wife Ælfflæd. She was born in Wessex.

Marriage to the French King[edit]

Eadgifu was one of three West Saxon sisters married to Continental kings: the others were Eadgyth, who married Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor and Eadhild, who married Hugh the Great. Eadgifu became the second wife of King Charles III of France,[1] whom she married in 919 after the death of his first wife, Frederonne. Eadgifu was mother to Louis IV of France.

Flight to England[edit]

In 922 Charles III was deposed and the next year taken prisoner by Count Herbert II of Vermandois, an ally of the then current king. To protect her son's safety Eadgifu took him to England in 923 to the court of her half-brother, King Æthelstan of England.[2] Because of this, Louis IV of France became known as Louis d'Outremer of France. He stayed there until 936, when he was called back to France to be crowned King. Eadgifu accompanied him.

She retired to a convent in Laon.[3] In 951, Heribert the Old, Count of Omois, abducted and married her, to the great anger of her son.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lappenberg, pp. 88-89
  2. ^ Williams. p. 112
  3. ^ Schwennicke, 49
  4. ^ Dunbabin, p. 384

References[edit]

  • Dunbabin, Jean (1999). "West Francia: The Kingdom". In Reuter, Timothy. The New Cambridge Medieval History III. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-36447-7. 
  • Lappenberg, Johann (1845). A History of England Under the Anglo-Saxon Kings. Benjamin Thorpe, translator. J. Murray. 
  • Schwennicke, Detlev (1984) Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band III Teilband 1 (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt), Tafel 49
  • Williams, Ann; Smyth, Alfred P.; Kirby, D. P. (1991). A Biographical Dictionary of Dark Age Britain: England, Scotland, and Wales. Routledge. ISBN 1-85264-047-2. 
Eadgifu of Wessex
Born: 902 Died: after 955
Preceded by
Frederonne
Queen of Western Francia
919–922
Succeeded by
Béatrice of Vermandois