|Motto: Where roads hit the trail|
|Apache County and the state of Arizona|
|• Mayor||Kim Holaway|
|• Total||11.2 sq mi (29.1 km2)|
|• Land||11.2 sq mi (29.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||7,080 ft (2,158 m)|
|• Density||435/sq mi (167.9/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
Eagar was first settled in 1871.
Eagar is located at  in southern Apache County, just north of Apache National Forest and at the foot of the White Mountains. Sunrise Park, the largest ski resort in Arizona, is located 25 miles (40 km) west of Eagar.(34.106703, -109.292725)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.2 square miles (29.1 km2), of which 0.008 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.07%, is water. The town of Springerville borders Eagar to the north.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,033 people, 1,344 households, and 1,073 families residing in the town. The population density was 355.6 people per square mile (137.3/km²). There were 1,713 housing units at an average density of 151.1 per square mile (58.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.08% White, 3.35% Native American, 0.42% Black or African American, 0.12% Asian, 0.35% Pacific Islander, 4.91% from other races, and 3.77% from two or more races. 13.98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,344 households out of which 45.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.1% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.38.
In the town the age distribution of the population shows 36.2% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,378, and the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $36,111 versus $21,274 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,623. About 7.8% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.
Eagar was settled by John Thomas Eagar (Dec 20, 1851 - March 12, 1942) with his brothers Joel and William and another family named Robertson. He received deed to the land in 1878. However, the land was too high for ditch water to reach it until the "Big Ditch" was built to bring water high enough to irrigate the land.
George Henry Crosby spearheaded the effort by the Mormons to build a ditch high enough to irrigate a larger area of Round Valley, higher than the small ditches then used in Springerville. Mormon leaders sent him to what was then called "Amity" because he had been a sheriff in St. George, Utah, before and there were a lot of lawless gangs in the area. To irrigate "Eagar", even though it was not called that at the time, he had no dynamite, so the Mormons in the area had to heat basalt volcanic rocks with fires, bring cold water from the river to pour over the hot rocks to break them, then drag the smaller rocks to the river to dam the river and create the Greer Lakes. Then the Mormons built the almost 30-mile (48 km) "Big Ditch" to travel the approximately 6-mile (10 km) distance, as the bird flies, to the top of Round Valley above "Eagar". George Crosby's own 18-year-old son was killed by a shovel over his head in a skirmish with another Mormon boy while building the ditch. During this time, the Clanton Gang, after the shootout at the O.K. Corral, settled in "Water Canyon" south of Eagar. Ike Clanton was eventually killed in Water Canyon, less than one mile above the southernmost extent of the Big Ditch.
The first postmistress, Emma Goldsbrough Udall, wanted to name the town "Union", in a desire for eventually combining the town with other towns such as Amity and Springerville, to unite the small community. However, the US postmaster general rejected the name as too common. Therefore, she submitted the name "Eagarville" to honor the Eagar brothers. However, that name was also changed by the postmaster general to just "Eagar" sometime before December 1892 when the school district was renamed.
A battle took place near what is now the town cemetery in which 9 members of the Snider gang were killed.
- Joseph Isaac (Ike) Clanton (1847 – June 1, 1887), member of the Cowboys
- Milton William Cooper, conspiracy theorist (UFOs and Illuminati)
- Don Taylor Udall, state legislator and judge
- Jesse Addison Udall, state legislator and chief justice of the Arizona Supreme Court
- Joseph Udall (1860-1943), early settler, served on the Apache County Board of Supervisors for nearly 20 years
Primary and secondary schools
The town is served by Round Valley Unified School District.
The town is served by four neighborhood schools: Round Valley Primary School (in nearby Springerville), Round Valley Intermediate School, Round Valley Middle School, and Round Valley High School. The intermediate, middle, and high schools are in Eagar.
In addition, White Mountain Academy, a K-12 charter school, is located in Eagar.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Eagar town, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- Andrew Jensen. Encyclopedic History of the Church. (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1941) p. 202
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Byrd H. Granger (1960). Arizona Place Names. University of Arizona Press. p. 10. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- Town of Eagar
- "Round Valley Public Library." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.