Eagle Helicycle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Helicycle
Helicycle N727X Flying.JPG
Helicycle N727X at Homer Bell's 22nd Annual Helicopter Fly-in, July 14, 2006
Role Homebuilt helicopter
Manufacturer Eagle R&D
Designer B.J. Schramm
First flight September, 1997
Number built 85+
Unit cost
US$38,500

The Helicycle is a single-seat, single, semi-rigid main rotor helicopter powered by a turboshaft engine. Manufactured by Eagle R&D in Nampa, Idaho as a kit, the aircraft is intended to be assembled by the owner and is considered a homebuilt aircraft. The Helicycle was conceived and designed by B.J. Schramm, the founder of Rotorway International.

Development[edit]

Schramm's concept for the Helicycle was to provide a kit for building a reliable, high-performance, real helicopter for a reasonable cost to individuals (on the order of a mid-priced SUV). Fabrication and assembly skills only require being able to accurately drill holes, bend sheet metal and tubing, install fasteners, run wiring, etc. (e.g., no welding or highly specialized aviation-specific tools are required). Kits are delivered in six increments, including the frame and skids, engine, transmission, main rotor subassembly, tail rotor subassembly, controls and linkages, cockpit exterior/interior, and fuel and electrical subsystems. Assembly instructions are provided in the form of video clips on video CDs (Video CDs) or DVDs, blueprints, and checklists.

Operational history[edit]

The Helicycle helicopter is the first mass-produced kit built experimental helicopter to be powered by a turbine engine. Military surplus solar T62-T32 150SHP As of June 2010, five runs of about 30 kits each have been delivered to builders, for a total of 160 kits, of which 80+ have been completed and are flying, with another kit being completed every other month, on average (delivery of a sixth run is scheduled to start in 2010). A unique feature of the kits is that a factory checkout must be completed by a factory-designated airframe and power plant (A&P) technician and test pilot before the builder is allowed to fly the aircraft. The factory withholds a few critical components needed for flight, which the factory representative brings to the checkout.[citation needed] In order to ensure that prospective pilots have the necessary flight skills, builders must have at least a solo endorsement from a certified flight instructor (CFI) for flying a Robinson R22 commercially built helicopter.[citation needed]

The total number of hours accumulated on all Helicycles flying is estimated to be well in excess of 3,000 flight hours, with two fatal accidents. There have been several accidents and incidents where Helicycles have lost power in/near hover, resulting in minor damage to the skids and some airframes, but no serious injuries. Most of these were attributed to a radio-frequency interference (RFI) problem with the electronic governor, and the issue was reportedly solved with better shielding in 2005.[citation needed] At least one accident may have been caused by a crack in a fuel line due to lack of mechanical support between a manifold and a fuel injection port.[citation needed] Another accident involved flight into high-voltage power distribution wires, but the aircraft was able to fly again, following repairs, and the pilot was not seriously injured. The NTSB report on the fatal accident indicates extensive damage to the helicopter due to impact with a body of water. An examination of the anti-torque pedal assembly by the NTSB Materials Laboratory revealed that the fracture surface patterns found on it were consistent with a bending overstress separation. It could not be determined whether the overstress condition was the result of a precrash or postcrash event. According to the probable cause report, N3275Q suffered 'inflight collision with terrain/water', and 'reason for occurrence undetermined - Pilot In Command'.[1]

Design[edit]

Specific design features include a fully harmonized rotor, modulated collective pitch system, very low twice-per-revolution vibration level due to elastomeric thrust bearings, sufficient flapping angle for low-"G" maneuvers and slope landings, control friction devices, and electronic throttle control (governor).

The feel of the controls in the Helicycle is modeled after that of the Robinson R22, such that quick stops and autorotations are performed similarly in both aircraft, reportedly allowing new pilots to transition to flying their kits with minimal adjustments.

Maintenance[edit]

Maintenance primarily consists of visual inspection of all structural components, wiring, and moving parts outside the power plant, and lubrication of bearings every 100 hours of operation.[citation needed] The time between overhaul (TBO) of the aircraft is estimated to be 1,500-2,000 hours.[citation needed] The track record of the Solar T-62 gas turbine power plant in military applications (Sikorsky CH-53E Super Stallion and CH-47 Chinook auxiliary power units) is reported to be excellent - so much so, that the maintenance schedule essentially consists of inspection of the power plant interior at 1,000 hours and overhaul of the power plant when wear is measured beyond established tolerances.[citation needed]

Specifications (Helicycle)[edit]

Data from Eagle R&D[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 20 ft 10 in (6.35 m)
  • Rotor diameter: 19 ft 10 in (6.05 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 4 in (2.23 m)
  • Disc area: 308 ft² (28.6 m²)
  • Empty weight: 500 lb (227 kg)
  • Useful load: 220 lb (100 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 850 lb (386 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Solar T62-T32 turboshaft, 160 shp (119 kW)

Performance

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]