Eagle Pass, Texas

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Eagle Pass, Texas
City
Bienvenidos, Eagle Pass, TX IMG 0442.JPG
Nickname(s): El Paso del Aguila
Location of Eagle Pass, Texas
Location of Eagle Pass, Texas
Maverick County EaglePass.svg
Coordinates: 28°42′38″N 100°29′22″W / 28.71056°N 100.48944°W / 28.71056; -100.48944Coordinates: 28°42′38″N 100°29′22″W / 28.71056°N 100.48944°W / 28.71056; -100.48944
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Maverick
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council

Mayor Ramsey E. Cantu
Asalia Casares
Rudy Villalpando


William B. Davis
Luis Sifutentes
 • City Manager Daniel Valenzuela
Area
 • Total 9.58 sq mi (24.812 km2)
 • Land 9.58 sq mi (24.812 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 732 ft (223 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 26,255
 • Density 2,740.2/sq mi (1,058.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78852-78853
Area code(s) 830
FIPS code 48-21892[1]
GNIS feature ID 1356538[2]
Website EaglePassTX.us/

Eagle Pass is a city in and the county seat of Maverick County in the US state of Texas. The population was 26,255 as of the 2010 census (2013 estimate 27,708.)[3]

Eagle Pass borders the city of Piedras Negras, Coahuila, Mexico, which is to the southwest and across the Rio Grande. The Eagle Pass-Piedras Negras Metropolitan Area (EG-PN) is one of six binational metropolitan areas along the United States-Mexican border. As of January 2008, according to the US census, the Eagle Pass Metropolitan Area's population was 48,401 people, and the Piedras Negras Metropolitan Area's population was 169,771.

Eagle Pass history[edit]

Eagle Pass was the first American settlement on the Rio Grande. Originally known as Camp Eagle Pass, it served as a temporary outpost for the Texas militia, which had been ordered to stop illegal trade with Mexico during the Mexican-American War.[4] Eagle pass is so named because the contour of the hills through which the Rio Grande flows bore a fancied resemblance to the outstretched wings of an eagle.[5]

General William Leslie Cazneau (1807–1876) founded the Eagle Pass townsite in the 1840s.[6]

In 1850, Rick Pawless opened a trading post called Eagle Pass. In 1871, Maverick County was established, and Eagle Pass was named the county seat. During the remainder of the 19th century, schools and churches opened, the mercantile and ranching industries grew, and a railway was built.

The United States Army established the presumably permanent Fort Duncan on March 27, 1849, a few miles upstream from Camp Eagle Pass. Captain Sidney Burbank supervised the construction of Fort Duncan, which was named after Colonel James Duncan, who had fought in the Mexican War. After the Mexican-American War, trade flourished under the protection of the fort. The fort was near the trail of westward immigration to California. It also served as an outpost against hostile Apache. It was abandoned and reopened several times. In March 1860, it served as the base of operations against the border assaults arranged by Juan N. Cortina.[7]

Fort Duncan was held by the Confederacy during the American Civil War. On July 4, 1865, General Joseph O. Shelby, en route to offer his troops' service to Maximilian in Mexico, stopped at Fort Duncan and buried in the Rio Grande the last Confederate flag to have flown over his men.[4] In 1870, Colonel James Gonzalo de Esprite trained Seminole and African American scouts at Fort Duncan. After several decades of deactivation, Fort Duncan was activated as a training camp during World War I. In 1938, the City of Eagle Pass acquired the fort and still operates a museum and a children's library at the site.[7]

The rancher and gunfighter King Fisher lived in Eagle Pass until his ambush and murder in San Antonio in 1884.

Lawsuit[edit]

The City of Eagle Pass was sued by the US government to gain access to the land and construct a fence on the United States-Mexico border.[8]

Public Corruption Scandals[edit]

Eagle Pass and Maverick County have been the subject of several state and federal criminal investigations which have gained state and national media attention.

Maverick County Corruption Scandal[edit]

An ongoing public corruption, bid-rigging, and kickback investigation by the FBI and Texas Department of Public Safety has resulted in the arrest of three Maverick County Commissioners, one Justice of the Peace, and multiple local government employees and businessmen since October 2012, making it the largest public criminal probe in Eagle Pass and Maverick County history.[9]

City of Eagle Pass Gasoline Card Theft and Fraud[edit]

On August 08, 2012, a federal grand jury in the U.S. District Court in Del Rio, Texas, indicted five Eagle Pass residents, including a former Public Works Department employee in connection with an estimated $70,000 credit card fraud scheme. According to the indictment, during 2011, City of Eagle Pass employee Edgar Aguilar obtained five city of Eagle Pass-owned “Fuelman” credit cards designated for fuel purchases for Public Works department vehicles and distributed them to his accomplices to purchase fuel for their own vehicles and to purchase fuel for others at the city’s expense. In some instances, defendants charged individuals a reduced rate for fuel purchased using the city’s credit card and then pocketed the cash.[10] On November 29, 2012, Aguilar entered a guilty plea for the charges of theft and fraud and on May 15, 2013, was sentenced to 42 months in federal prison and ordered to pay $68,373.87 in restitution for his role in the fraudulent scheme.[11]

Climate[edit]

Eagle Pass has a hot semi arid climate typical of the southwestern United States. The climate is considered to be hot semi-arid (Köppen: BSh). The average warmest month is August. The highest recorded temperature was 115°F in 1944. On average, the coolest month is January. The lowest recorded temperature was 10°F in 1962. Most preciptiation occurs in the Spring thru Fall with a drier Winter. The maximum average precipitation occurs in September.

Climate data for Eagle Pass, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 96
(36)
101
(38)
106
(41)
108
(42)
114
(46)
115
(46)
115
(46)
112
(44)
111
(44)
106
(41)
100
(38)
94
(34)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 65.0
(18.3)
70.0
(21.1)
78.0
(25.6)
85.0
(29.4)
91.0
(32.8)
96.0
(35.6)
98.0
(36.7)
99.0
(37.2)
93.0
(33.9)
84.0
(28.9)
74.0
(23.3)
65.0
(18.3)
83.1
(28.4)
Average low °F (°C) 42.0
(5.6)
45.0
(7.2)
52.0
(11.1)
60.0
(15.6)
68.0
(20)
73.0
(22.8)
75.0
(23.9)
75.0
(23.9)
70.0
(21.1)
61.0
(16.1)
51.0
(10.6)
42.0
(5.6)
59.5
(15.3)
Record low °F (°C) 10
(−12)
10
(−12)
20
(−7)
32
(0)
42
(6)
47
(8)
62
(17)
60
(16)
42
(6)
27
(−3)
19
(−7)
12
(−11)
10
(−12)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.90
(22.9)
1.00
(25.4)
1.01
(25.7)
1.88
(47.8)
2.55
(64.8)
2.73
(69.3)
2.08
(52.8)
1.46
(37.1)
3.11
(79)
2.07
(52.6)
0.95
(24.1)
0.78
(19.8)
20.45
(519.4)
Source: TWC[12]

Geography[edit]

Eagle Pass is located at 28°42′38″N 100°29′22″W / 28.71056°N 100.48944°W / 28.71056; -100.48944 (28.710622, -100.489331).[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.4 mi2 (19.2 km2), of which, 7.4 mi2 (19.2 km2) of it is land and 0.04 mi2 (0.1 km2) of it (0.40%) is covered by water.

The area is served by State Highways 277 and 57, and FM (farm road) 481 . Maverick County Memorial International Airport is a general aviation field, The nearest commercial jet air service is 50 miles away via the Del Rio International Airport in Del Rio, Texas, which is served by United Airlines.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2006, 24,847 people, 6,925 households, and 5,588 families resided in the city. The population density was 3,030.3 people per square mile (1,169.4/km²). There were 7,613 housing units at an average density of 1,029.3 per square mile (397.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 42.73% White, 0.27% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 22.71% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 96.90% of the population.

Of the 6,925 households, 43.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.3% were not families. About 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.22 and the average family size was 3.69.

In the city, the population was distributed as 32.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,623, and for a family was $27,140. Males had a median income of $26,350 versus $17,346 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,414. About 26.0% of families and 29.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.0% of those under age 18 and 39.1% of those age 65 or over.

The majority of the income is attributed to dependence of the community on employment in the public sector.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 13,343
1950 14,211 6.5%
1960 12,094 −14.9%
1970 15,364 27.0%
1980 21,407 39.3%
1990 20,651 −3.5%
2000 22,413 8.5%
2010 26,248 17.1%
Est. 2012 27,283 3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
2012 estimate

Nearby Cities/Communities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Government[edit]

Federal representation[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates a post office in located at 455 S Bibb Ave Eagle Pass, TX.

The United States Border Patrol has two stations in Eagle Pass. The Eagle Pass North Station located at 2285 Del Rio Blvd and the Eagle Pass South Station at 4156 El Indio Hwy Eagle Pass, TX.

Eagle Pass is the headquarters of the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas, a federally recognized tribe of Kickapoo people.[14]

Area newspapers[edit]

Education[edit]

Eagle Pass is served by the Eagle Pass Independent School District. The district operates 15 elementary schools, two junior high schools, and two high schools, which compete in UIL academics and sports.

Elementary Schools[edit]

  • Armando Cerna Elementary School
  • Benavides Heights Elementary School
  • Dena Kelso Graves Elementary School
  • Henry B Gonzalez Elementary School
  • Liberty Elementary School
  • Nellie Mae Glass Elementary School
  • Perfecto Mancha Elementary School
  • Pete Gallego Elementary School
  • Ray H Darr Elementary School
  • Robert E Lee Elementary School
  • Rosita Valley Elementary School
  • Rosita Valley Literacy Academy
  • Sam Houston Elementary School
  • San Luis Elementary School
  • Seco Mines Elementary School

Middle Schools[edit]

  • Eagle Pass Junior High School
  • Memorial Junior High School

High Schools[edit]

  • Eagle Pass High School
  • C.C. Winn High School

The community is served by branches of four-year Sul Ross University in Alpine, in the form of Rio Grande College, and Southwest Texas Junior College, a two-year community college based in Uvalde.

HVDC-back-to-back station[edit]

In 2000, as part of the power exchange between Texas and Mexico, a HVDC facility equipped with IGBTs was built. This facility, built for Central Power and Light (now AEP Texas) by the ABB Group, operates at a bipolar voltage of 15.9 kV, and has a maximum transfer rate of 36 megawatts. The power station enables AEP to purchase electricity from Mexico's Comisión Federal de Electricidad, when needed.[15]

Tornado[edit]

On April 24, 2007, at 7:00 pm CST, a tornado tore through the outside of Eagle Pass and caused loss of life and property damage. The community was paralyzed for more than a week.[16]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]