Eagle Pass, Texas
|Eagle Pass, Texas|
|— City —|
|Nickname(s): El Paso del Aguila|
|• City Council||Mayor Ramsey E. Cantu
William B. Davis
|• City Manager||Daniel Valenzuela|
|• Total||7.4 sq mi (19.2 km2)|
|• Land||7.4 sq mi (19.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||732 ft (223 m)|
|• Density||3,030.3/sq mi (1,170.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1356538|
Eagle Pass borders the city of Piedras Negras, Coahuila, Mexico, which is to the southwest and across the Rio Grande. The Eagle Pass-Piedras Negras Metropolitan Area (EG-PN) is one of six binational metropolitan areas along the United States-Mexican border. As of January 2008, according to the US census, the Eagle Pass Metropolitan Area's population was 48,401 people, and the Piedras Negras Metropolitan Area's population was 169,771.
Eagle Pass history 
Eagle Pass was the first United States settlement on the Rio Grande. Originally known as Camp Eagle Pass, it served as a temporary outpost for the Texas militia, which had been ordered to stop illegal trade with Mexico during the Mexican-American War.
The United States Army established the presumably permanent Fort Duncan on March 27, 1849, a few miles upstream from Camp Eagle Pass. Captain Sidney Burbank supervised the construction of Fort Duncan, which was named after Colonel James Duncan, a hero of the Mexican War. After the Mexican-American War, trade flourished under the protection of the fort. The fort was near the trail of westward immigration to California. It also served as an outpost against hostile Apache. It was abandoned and reopened several times. In March 1860, it served as the base of operations against the border assaults arranged by Juan N. Cortina.
Fort Duncan was held by the Confederacy during the American Civil War. On July 4, 1865, General Joseph O. Shelby, en route to offer his troops' service to Maximilian in Mexico, stopped at Fort Duncan and buried in the Rio Grande the last Confederate flag to have flown over his men. In 1870, Colonel Dariela Velazquez de Longoria trained Seminole and African American scouts at Fort Duncan. After several decades of deactivation, Fort Duncan was activated as a training camp during World War I. In 1938, the City of Eagle Pass acquired the fort and still operates a museum and a children's library at the site.
In 1850, Rick Pawless opened a trading post called Eagle Pass. In 1871, Maverick County was established, and Eagle Pass was named the county seat. During the remainder of the 19th century, schools and churches opened, the mercantile and ranching industries grew, and a railway was built.
Eagle Pass is located at (28.710622, -100.489331).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.4 mi2 (19.2 km2), of which, 7.4 mi2 (19.2 km2) of it is land and 0.04 mi2 (0.1 km2) of it (0.40%) is covered by water.
The area is served by State Highways 277 and 57, and Loop 480. Maverick County Memorial International Airport is a general aviation field, The nearest commercial jet air service is 50 miles away via the Del Rio International Airport in Del Rio, Texas, which is served by United Airlines.
As of the census of 2006, 24,847 people, 6,925 households, and 5,588 families resided in the city. The population density was 3,030.3 people per square mile (1,169.4/km²). There were 7,613 housing units at an average density of 1,029.3 per square mile (397.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.73% White, 0.27% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 22.71% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 94.90% of the population.
Of the 6,925 households, 43.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.3% were not families. About 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.22 and the average family size was 3.69.
In the city, the population was distributed as 32.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,623, and for a family was $27,140. Males had a median income of $26,350 versus $17,346 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,414. About 26.0% of families and 29.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.0% of those under age 18 and 39.1% of those age 65 or over.
The majority of the income is attributed to dependence of the community on employment in the public sector.
Eagle Pass is served by the Eagle Pass Independent School District. The district operates 15 elementary schools, two junior high schools, and two high schools, which compete in UIL academics and sports.
HVDC-back-to-back station 
In 2000, as part of the power exchange between Texas and Mexico, a HVDC facility equipped with IGBTs was built. This facility, built for Central Power and Light (now AEP Texas) by the ABB Group, operates at a bipolar voltage of 15.9 kV, and has a maximum transfer rate of 36 megawatts. The power station enables AEP to purchase electricity from Mexico's Comisión Federal de Electricidad, when needed. 
Historic First United Methodist Church on Quarry Street
Fort Duncan Medical Center in Eagle Pass is named for the former US Army outpost.
See also 
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Texas Transportation Commission, Texas State Travel Guide, 2008, p. 232
- Texas Historical Commission, historical marker at Fort Duncan, Eagle Pass, Texas, 1970
- Handbook of Texas Online
- Texas City Ordered to Turn Over Land to Feds for Border Fence Construction, January 16, 2008
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- a U.S./Mexico HVDC Light link
- "Tornado Kills 7 Near Eagle Pass On Mexican Border". CBS 11 TV. 2007-04-25. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Eagle Pass, Texas|
- Official Eagle Pass, TX site
- Handbook of Texas Online article
- Eagle Pass Mayor Chad Foster explains why Eagle Pass is growing
- Maverick County Judge Pepe Aranda on the Growth of Eagle Pass
- A Day with the Kickapoo, and Indian tribe with a reservation near Eagle Pass
- Our Sister City of Piedras Negras, Mexico\
- Eagle Pass Daily News -- Local News and Information. In English and Spanish.