Church of All Saints, Eagle
Eagle shown within Lincolnshire
|OS grid reference|
|- London||120 mi (190 km) S|
|Civil parish||Eagle and Swinethorpe|
|Unitary authority||North Kesteven|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
|UK Parliament||Sleaford and North Hykeham (UK Parliament constituency)|
Eagle is village in the North Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated 7 miles (11 km) south-west from Lincoln and 2 miles (3.2 km) east from North Scarle. Eagle is part of the civil parish of Eagle and Swinethorpe.
The village has a primary school, post office, village hall, park, nursing home, playing field, and public house.
Scholars believe that the name means “Oak-tree wood or clearing.”, from Old English āc, an oak-tree and Old English lēah, a forest, wood, glade or clearing.
Eagle appears in Domesday Book: the landowners were: Roger of Poitou (property formerly by Arnketill Barn), Durand Malet, Odo the Crossbowman (land formerly owned by Gunnketill), and Countess Judith (land formerly owned by Earl Waltheof of Northumbria). Eagle had a church and a priest. Countess Judith's manor had a value of £12. Countess Judith was a niece of King William I of England – she was the daughter of his half-sister Adelaide of Normandy and her husband Lambert II, Count of Lens. She was also the widow of Earl Waltheof of Northumbria (1072–75, the last of the Anglo-Saxon Earls of England) who she had betrayed over his part in the Revolt of the Earls, and who was executed in 1076.[original research?]
A preceptory of the Knights Templar was founded in Eagle by King Stephen. In 1312 it passed to the Hospitallers and became one of only two infirmaries for Templars in England. Stephen's original endowment included the manor of Eagle and the churches of Eagle, Swinderby and Scarle.
Until their disbandment in 1312, the Knights Templar were major landowners on the higher lands of Lincolnshire, where they had a number of preceptories on property which provided income, while Temple Bruer was an estate on the Lincoln Heath, believed to have been used also for military training. The preceptories from which the Lincolnshire properties were managed were:
- Aslackby Preceptory, Kesteven (TF0830)
- Bottesford, Lindsey (SE8907)
- Eagle, Kesteven (SK875672)
- Great Limber, Lindsey (TA1308)
- Horkstow, Lindsey (SE9818)
- Witham Preceptory, Kesteven (SK928205)
- Temple Bruer, Kesteven (TF0054)
- Willoughton Preceptory, Lindsey (SK923931)
- Byard's Leap (SK990494) was part of the Temple Bruer estate.
The village main road is High Street, running approximately north-east to south-west. To the north of High Street the road to Scarle branches off towards the west; in the centre of the village Thorpe Road branches off towards the south-east. Church Lane on the west side of the village is a horseshoe loop joining High Street at both ends. Older maps show Green Lane, now a footpath, approximately parallel to High Street on its east.
There are three small housing estates: Falcon Close off Thorpe Lane, built in the 1960s; Hilltop Close off Scarle Lane, built in the 1970s; and Kestrel Rise off the southern High Street, built in the 1980s.
The areas and hamlets adjacent to the village are Eagle Moor, north-east; Eagle Hall, south-west; and Eagle Barnsdale, south-east. The nearest villages are Swinderby, south; North Scarle, west; and Thorpe on the Hill, east.
- "Church of All Saints", National Heritage List for England, English Heritage. Retrieved 23 July 2011
- Cox, J. Charles (1916) Lincolnshire p. 120; Methuen & Co. Ltd
- E.Ekwall, Dictionary of English Place-Names(1987), p.155;K.Cameron, Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-names (1998), p.40; A.D. Mills, Dictionary of British Place-Names(Oxford, 2011), p.167
- The Domesday Book - Lincolnshire, Phillmore & Co. Ltd.
- "National monument record for preceptory".
- Ward, Penny. Dennis Mills (2nd ed.), ed. The Knights Templar in Kesteven (2 ed.). Heckington: Heritage Lincolnshire Publications. ISBN 978-0-948639-47-0.
- Page, William, ed. (1906). A History of the County of Lincoln. Victoria County History 2. pp. 210–213 'Houses of Knights Templars: Willoughton, Eagle, Aslackby, South Witham and Temple Bruer'. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
- Media related to Eagle, Lincolnshire at Wikimedia Commons