Eagle Premier

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Eagle Premier
1992 Eagle Premier ES Limited.jpg
1992 Eagle Premier ES Limited
Overview
Manufacturer
Also called
Production 1987–1991
Model years 1988–1992
Assembly Brampton Assembly, Brampton, Ontario, Canada
Designer
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Longitudinal front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform Chrysler B-body
Related Dodge Monaco
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 106.0 in (2,692 mm)
Length 192.8 in (4,897 mm)
Width 70.0 in (1,778 mm)
Height 53.3 in (1,354 mm)
Curb weight 2,991–3,068 lb (1,357–1,392 kg)
Chronology
Successor Eagle Vision

The Eagle Premier was a full-size luxury car developed by American Motors through its 1980s partnership with Renault. Chrysler Corporation bought the rights to the Premier when it acquired Renault's stake in American Motors and its remaining outstanding shares in 1987 and began selling the car under the new Eagle marque.

Chrysler manufactured the Premier from 1987 until 1992. A rebadged variant was also marketed as the Dodge Monaco from 1990 to 1992.

Design[edit]

In 1982 American Motors and Renault, a major shareholder in AMC since 1979, began work on a new full-size front-drive passenger car, code named X-58, for introduction in late-1986.[1] A companion two-door coupe, code named X-59, was to debut for the 1988 model year.[2] These were to be the first large cars sold by AMC since 1978, a position in their model range traditionally occupied by the Nash and AMC Ambassador models since the 1930s, and were designed for the automaker to offer a broader product offer in the marketplace.[1][2]

Rather than engineer a completely new chassis for the Premier the then-new Renault 25's monocoque underpinnings were used as a basis and adapted for the new product.[3][4][5] Using the Renault 25 chassis[6] the suspension was derived from the Renault Medallion (Renault 21).[7] The suspension featured a four-wheel independent system with MacPherson struts at the front wheels and two torsion bars at each rear wheel, with stabilizer bars in both front and rear.

The exterior by Giorgietto Giugiaro's Italdesign was picked over other concepts generated by AMC's own styling department and other independent firms. The Premier's body's drag coefficient of 0.31[8] is slightly lower than the 1986 Ford Taurus that was well known for its aerodynamic shape.[9] The Premier's body was finished using a baked enamel clearcoat for all the available colors. The body was covered by a 7-year, 100,000-mile (160,934 km) warranty. The car's trunk capacity was also large, offering 16.3 cu ft (462 l) of cargo space.

The Eagle also featured new technology to improve luminous efficiency of its headlamp system, afford greater styling freedom, and having a rectangular frontal aspect.[10] The 1988 Eagle Premier was one of the first cars featuring Valeo headlamps with nonparabolic, complex-surface reflector headlamps with optic lenses.[11]

Stretched in all dimensions, the Premier provided more interior room than any of its contemporaries. The interior was an all-new design by AMC's in-house staff under the direction of Richard A. Teague. It also included features that were considered unique at the time. The instrument panel featured "a heavy dose of electronics",[12] with all driver controls housed within a fingertip distance from the steering wheel. It used an unusual dash mounted gear selector with a thin metal lever at the end of which was a grip handle; instead if the gear selector shifting downward in the traditional fashion, the lever dropped into the dash pod in which it was mounted. The climate controls used an unusual up-down button that cycled through the different heating modes, indicated by an array of lights. All of these controls were housed in a control panel on the right side of the steering column. On the left side of the column another control contained the light and windshield wiper controls. The turn signal control was also electronic returning to its centered position immediately after a driver signaled a turn, and a gong indicated its cancellation after completing a turn.[12] The optional cruise control was built into the leather-wrapped steering wheel. Other features included intermittent wipers, as well as automatic variable-speed that adjusted wiper speed to the amount of water that hit the windshield; with less moisture, the slower they would move, but increasing their action if a passing truck splashed the windshield with a large amount of water.[13] Standard on all Premiers was an electronically tuned stereo sound system.

There was a choice of two powertrains. Eschewing the Renault 25's French-built four-cylinder engines, the base Premier LX trim featured a standard 2.5 L AMC four-cylinder engine. Featuring electronically controlled throttle-body fuel injection, it developed a peak power output of 111 hp (83 kW; 113 PS) and 142 pound force-feet (193 N·m) of torque at 1400 rpm,[14] and was coupled to a new electronically controlled four-speed automatic gearbox, developed by ZF Friedrichshafen. Fuel economy for the base model was EPA estimated at 22 mpg-US (11 L/100 km; 26 mpg-imp) in the city and 31 mpg-US (7.6 L/100 km; 37 mpg-imp) on the highway, giving it a 527-mile (848 km) cruising range with the 17 US gal (64 L; 14 imp gal) gas tank. Optional in the LX and standard in ES models was a 3.0 L version of the Peugeot-Renault-Volvo (PRV) V6 engine, fitted with multiple port fuel injection, producing peak power and torque figures of 150 hp (112 kW; 152 PS) and 171 lb·ft (232 N·m). Factory acceleration estimates from standstill to 60 miles per hour (96 km/h) were 11.5 seconds with the four-cylinder, and 10 seconds with the six. Fuel efficiency was rated at 18 mpg-US (13 L/100 km; 22 mpg-imp) for the city and 27 mpg-US (8.7 L/100 km; 32 mpg-imp) on the highway. The Premier's powertrains were covered by a 7-year, 70,000-mile (112,654 km) warranty, which was longer than offered by any of the competitors at the time.

"Considered by some the most sophisticated car in Chrysler's lineup", the Eagle Premier offers an "incredible 122 cubic feet of interior room; almost unheard of for a mid-sized passenger car" along with "European handling".[15] The Premier was "final offspring of the AMC-Renault marriage" and the new car entered the marketplace "well endowed in just about every department. It has the most powerful conventional engines in its field, state-of-the-art electronics with a first-ever feature, and is made in the newest assembly plant in the world."[16]

Model years[edit]

Eagle Premier

1988[edit]

1988 pre-production prototypes left the factory with Renault emblems on its grill and wheel covers but Eagle Nameplates on its trunk lid, and the Eagle Division had to indicate this difference in its dealer information brochures and video. Prior to its January 1988 Launch, all pre-production cars had the Renault Diamond Star removed from the grill and steering column horn hub pad. Depending on which stereo system was ordered, you would find either a Renault Diamond or Eagle Emblem in the car thru 1989 on the Stereo. It was to have been the first body-style in a series of three, along with a four-door wagon and a two-door coupe,. After Chrysler purchased Renault's Stake (46%) in AMC and all other outstanding stock (54%), the wagon and coupe body styles were cancelled as was a planned Premier DL model featuring a five-speed manual gearbox.

The interior of the LX featured standard six-passenger seating, with reclining 55/45 split front bench seats along with a rear seat that included a fold-down center armrest. Map pockets were standard in the front seat backs. The standard four-speed automatic transmissions were operated using a column shifter. The ES models included lower bodyside cladding, a firmer suspension and larger "touring" tires, as well as individual front bucket seats with adjustable see-through headrests and a full-length console with center armrest. The ES models had seating for five adults. The front buckets seats were optional in the LX, and a console mounted gear shift was optional in both LX and ES.

1989[edit]

The second model year the Premier saw almost no other changes except for the addition of cruise control and the mid-year introduction of an ES Limited model featuring monochromatic paint and body colored trim.[8][14]

The "sporty" two-door companion model that was announced by Iacocca for this model year to get the "to get Eagle soaring" with new products and a "brand personality that's unique ... and exiting ... and upscale" was not released.[17]

1990[edit]

Dodge Monaco version

In 1990 the Premier was substantially re-engineered. Standard were 4-wheel disc brakes and a stainless steel exhaust system. The electrical system was replaced with standard Chrysler parts that proved to be more reliable than the original Renix system.[14] The exterior was changed slightly, the Design Giugiaro badges being removed from the front fenders as a result.[14] The (unpopular) four-cylinder engine was officially dropped from the lineup,[14] with the V6 remaining as the sole engine.

A badge engineered version of the Premier was added using a familiar Chrysler name, the Dodge Monaco, a moniker that was first used by Dodge in 1965 and last used in 1978 on a full-size, rear-drive sedan.[13]

Because of its design "as up-to-date as anything in the mid-sized market" the Premier now became the foundation for Chrysler's next generation of automobiles.[18]

1991[edit]

Eagle Premier interior

The 1991 model year Premier featured anti-lock brakes. They came standard on the ES Limited and optional on other models.[19] The Limited model was treated to a new front grille and rear tail lamp assemblies.

The marketplace saw a downturn and all automakers began offering incentives to move inventory. At the beginning of the year, supplies of the Eagle Premier climbed up to 222 days and Chrysler gave a $1,000 discount to dealers on the invoice price, a $1,500 rebate to purchasers, and a $2,000 incentive to the dealer per car after their fourth sale.[20] An ES Limited model listing for $19,978 was only $15,478 (adjusted for inflation equivalent to US$26,800 in 2014 dollars[21] after the marketing incentives.[20] By the end of the year, dealers had low inventories of Premiers – with only 28 days supply – compared to 119 days for overstocked cars such as the Chevrolet Caprice.[22]

1992[edit]

The Eagle Premier and its virtual clone, the Dodge Monaco, continued basically unchanged for 1992,[23] except every model received the grille and tail lamps that were only on the Limited in 1991.[14] Chrysler also announced it would be the Premier's final year as the automaker prepared to launch all its new LH models in the Bramalea assembly plant.[23] Bramalea ended Dodge Monaco and Eagle Premier output on December 17, 1991.[24]

Legacy[edit]

In its time the car was considered one of the sportiest sedans (by measure of road holding and drive precision) available on the American market.[25] The fully independent suspension on all the wheels made for better ride quality and handling characteristics, as did the rack and pinion steering design. "The Premier was for its size, the lightest car that Chrysler built at the time [with a shipping weight of 2,999 lb (1,360 kg)], the stiffest (torsionally), and the best riding almost 8.7 inches (221 mm) of wheel travel vs. 4.5 for the K-cars that underpinned every Chrysler car then available. It benefited from decades of Renault experience with front-wheel-drive, and a good example will still impress even today."[26] The engineering levels achieved in the Premier are arguably the most refined in a sedan that was then produced by AMC or Chrysler.

The original projections were to have annual production of 150,000 Premiers.[27] Magna International had signed a contract in 1986 to supply body panels for the Premiers. As a result, the automotive supplier received $10 million grants from the governments of both Canada and Ontario to expanded the metal stamping plant in Milton, Ontario.[27] However, the Premier did not achieve its sales targets, with calendar year production for 1989 only reaching 32,720 examples.[28]

Critics have argued that Chrysler did not properly market the Premier, having confused its intended market. ES models were compared directly with the Audi 80, Acura Legend, and similar ‘import’ sedans, while LX models were aimed at a lower tier market competing against the Ford Taurus and GM A-platform cars (Buick Century, Chevrolet Celebrity, Oldsmobile Cutlass Ciera). Chrysler also ended up with six different brands after the purchase of AMC, just one less than GM, which was four times as large automaker.[29] Not only could Chrysler not afford to properly promote and advertise each of its brands, it also faced the legacy of failure by French cars in the United States.[29] Of the Premier and Renault Medallion (based on the Renault 21 sold overseas), Bob Lutz, then a Vice President at Chrysler, said they were “unsellable”.

The Premier carried many vestiges of AMC and Renault's engineering long after Chrysler acquired the car's design. For example, the vehicle identification number for the entire 1988 model year production retained AMC format.[30] The AMC logo was featured on many of the car's components through to the end of production.

The introduction of a rebadged model named Dodge Monaco resulted from a contractual obligation to use 260,000 of the PRV engines over five years, a clause in the AMC buyout from Renault. The Monaco sold poorly, and both it and the Premier were cancelled in 1992. There was little marketing support for the Premier by the Jeep-Eagle dealers themselves because they were focused on selling the highly successful and more profitable Jeep models. Furthermore, the decision to eventually combine Jeep-Eagle with Chrysler-Plymouth dealers called for the long-term corporate goal of phasing out the Eagle brand. There were 139,051 Premiers and Monacos built at Bramalea. Chrysler paid a penalty for every car not produced and V6 engine not purchased from Renault.[29]

These cars offered features that were considered quite advanced for their time. However, as a result, many vehicles have suffered from electrical problems, having proven to be one of the cars' bigger drawbacks over time. It was also chastised for various mechanical problems, particularly unreliability of the transmissions and frequent overheating of the V6 engine. Despite this, they are still seen as being a car that was on the cutting edge of design and features.

A new, highly advanced[8] factory (called Bramalea Assembly) was built to manufacture the Premier at Bramalea, near an existing AMC plant in Brampton, Ontario, Canada. This state of the art plant was opened in 1986 and was one of AMC's assets that interested Chrysler. It was renamed Brampton Assembly after the buyout. Brampton Assembly was retooled for the production of the Chrysler LH-cars that debuted in autumn of 1992, including the Premier's replacement, the Vision, and the Vision's sister vehicles, the Dodge Intrepid and the Chrysler Concorde.

The Premier inspired many of the LH platform’s design features. François Castaing, formerly AMC's Vice President of product engineering and development, became Chrysler's Vice President of vehicle engineering in 1988, and as a result, the Premier was the starting point for Chrysler's new LH sedans. Although the cab forward styling was quite different, the engines in the LH cars were mounted longitudinally, like the Premier. This was "a hallmark of Renault's front-wheel-drive designs" and unlike any other car built by Chrysler to that time.[31] The LH platform's dedicated transmission, the A606, was also quite similar in design to the electronically controlled automatic featured in four-cylinder Premiers. The Premier's body shell was used for LH prototype development mules, under which the LH drivetrain was tested.[32]

Although only a four-door sedan, the Premier could be a "future classic" according to automotive journalist, Dan Roth, as "one of the best American cars of the last 20 years, able to hold its own against luxury European marques, and being a caretaker of the last AMC car (Jeeps aren't cars!) would be a responsibility we'd relish."[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dunne, Jim (June 1986). "Inside Detroit". Popular Mechanics 163 (8): 40. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "American Motors". BusinessWeek. 28 April 1986. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Roth, Dan (16 April 2007). "Future Classic: Eagle Premier". autoblog com. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Covello, Mike; Flammang, James M. (2002). Standard Catalog of Imported Cars 1946-2002. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-87341-605-4. "The Giugiaro-styled Eagle Premier of the late 1980s and early '90s, though built in North America, was a rebodied version of Renault's 25" 
  5. ^ Car and Driver 37. 1992. p. 164. Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  6. ^ Autocar & Motor 185. Haymarket. 1990. p. 7. "...the US firm guaranteed the sale of 300,000 of AMC's Renault 25-based models, now known as the Eagle Premier." 
  7. ^ "Engineering the New Cars". Popular Mechanics 164 (10): 136. October 1987. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c Swan, Tony; Dune, Jim (October 1988). "Sweating the Details". Popular Mechanics 165 (10): 67. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Wilkinson, Tom; Keebler, Jack (April 1986). "Taurus". Popular Science 228 (4): 30. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  10. ^ Spencer, Charles W. (1 February 1984). "Headlamp Developments with DMC Reflectors Including Homofocal Arrangements (SAE Technical Paper 840041)". Society of Automotive Engineers. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  11. ^ Blusseau, Eric; Mottet, Laurent (27 February 1997). "Complex Shape Headlamps:Eight Years of Experience (SAE Technical Paper 970901)". Society of Automotive Engineers. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Dunne, Jim (October 1987). "The Priority is Design". Popular Mechanics 164 (10): 55. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  13. ^ a b Mateja, Jim (4 March 1990). "At Least Monaco Has Familiar Ring". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f Zatz, David. "988-92 Eagle Premier, 1990-92 Dodge Monaco, and 1988-89 Eagle Medallion". allpar.com. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "Features". Ebony man: EM. 5: 62. 1989. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  16. ^ "Engineering the New Cars". Popular Mechanics 164 (10): 136. October 1987. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  17. ^ Seege, Matthew Wayne, ed. (1994). I Gotta Tell You: Speeches of Lee Iacocca. Wayne State University Press. p. 52. ISBN 9780814325223. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  18. ^ Dunne, Jim (September 1989). "Inside Detroit". Popular Mechanics 166 (9): 45. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  19. ^ Gite, Lloyd (November 1990). "Family Comfort". Black Enterprise 21 (4): 122. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  20. ^ a b Henry, Ed (July 1991). "Bargains: Cars". Kiplinger's Personal Finance 45 (7): 47. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  21. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  22. ^ Henry, Ed (December 1990). "The '91 cars How to get the car you want at a price you'll like". Kiplinger's Personal Finance 44 (12): 31. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  23. ^ a b Consumer Guide Editors (1992). Cars Consumer Guide 1992. Publications International. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-451-17178-8. 
  24. ^ Ward's automotive yearbook 1992 55. Ward's Communications. 1993. pp. 98–101. 
  25. ^ McCosh, Dan (July 1988). "Luxury for Less". Popular Science 233 (1): 28–32. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  26. ^ "The Chrysler-AMC-Renault story". AutomoBear.com. 1 September 2003. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  27. ^ a b Lilley, Wayne (2008). Magna Cum Laude: How Frank Stronach Became Canada's Best-Paid Man. McClelland & Stewart. pp. 132–133. ISBN 978-0-7710-4638-4. 
  28. ^ Bellu, René, ed. (September 1989). Salon: Toutes les Voitures du Monde 90/91 (in French) (Paris: l'Auto Journal) (14 & 15): 321. 
  29. ^ a b c Ingrassia, Paul; White, Joseph B. (1995). Comeback: The Fall & Rise of the American Automobile Industry. Simon and Schuster. pp. 192–193. ISBN 978-0-684-80437-8. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  30. ^ "Mitchell VIN Decoding, AMC/JEEP". pp. g13–g17. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  31. ^ Gold, Aaron. "Eagle Premier/Dodge Monaco: American-branded Eurocars". About.com Cars. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  32. ^ "1993-1997 Dodge Intrepid, Eagle Vision, and Chrysler Concorde, New Yorker, and LHS". allpar.com. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 

External links[edit]