Eagleswood Township, New Jersey

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Eagleswood Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Eagleswood
Map of Eagleswood Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Eagleswood Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Eagleswood Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Eagleswood Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°38′21″N 74°17′29″W / 39.639039°N 74.291364°W / 39.639039; -74.291364Coordinates: 39°38′21″N 74°17′29″W / 39.639039°N 74.291364°W / 39.639039; -74.291364[1][2]
Country  United States
state  New Jersey
County Ocean
Incorporated March 17, 1874
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Debra A. Rivas (R, term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk Elaine B. Kennedy[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 18.858 sq mi (48.840 km2)
 • Land 16.061 sq mi (41.597 km2)
 • Water 2.797 sq mi (7.243 km2)  14.83%
Area rank 150th of 566 in state
14th of 33 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 13 ft (4 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9][10]
 • Total 1,603
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 1,621
 • Rank 509th of 566 in state
25th of 33 in county[12]
 • Density 99.8/sq mi (38.5/km2)
 • Density rank 543rd of 566 in state
33rd of 33 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08092 - West Creek[13]
Area code(s) 609 Exchanges: 294, 296, 697, 812, 978[14]
FIPS code 3402918670[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882068[1][17]
Website eagleswoodtwpnj.us

Eagleswood Township is a township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 1,603,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 162 (+11.2%) from the 1,441 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 35 (-2.4%) from the 1,476 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] The 2010 population was the highest recorded in any decennial census.

Eagleswood Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 17, 1874, from portions of Stafford Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Beach Haven (November 11, 1890) and Long Beach Township (March 23, 1899).[19]

Geography[edit]

Eagleswood Township is located at 39°38′21″N 74°17′29″W / 39.639039°N 74.291364°W / 39.639039; -74.291364 (39.639039,-74.291364). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 18.858 square miles (48.840 km2), of which, 16.061 square miles (41.597 km2) of it was land and 2.797 square miles (7.243 km2) of it (14.83%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 592
1890 791 33.6%
1900 563 * −28.8%
1910 550 −2.3%
1920 420 −23.6%
1930 483 15.0%
1940 551 14.1%
1950 623 13.1%
1960 766 23.0%
1970 823 7.4%
1980 1,009 22.6%
1990 1,476 46.3%
2000 1,441 −2.4%
2010 1,603 11.2%
Est. 2013 1,621 [11][20] 1.1%
Population sources: 1880-2000[21]
1880-1920[22] 1880-1890[23]
1890-1910[24] 1910-1930[25]
1900-1990[26] 2000[27][28] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,603 people, 621 households, and 454 families residing in the township. The population density was 99.8 per square mile (38.5/km2). There were 760 housing units at an average density of 47.3 per square mile (18.3/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 96.44% (1,546) White, 0.87% (14) Black or African American, 0.06% (1) Native American, 0.62% (10) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.00% (16) from other races, and 1.00% (16) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.37% (54) of the population.[8]

There were 621 households, of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.00.[8]

In the township, 21.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 33.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.1 years. For every 100 females there were 107.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $60,221 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,757) and the median family income was $70,313 (+/- $11,006). Males had a median income of $49,875 (+/- $7,215) versus $38,036 (+/- $8,952) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,135 (+/- $2,836). About 4.8% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 1.4% of those age 65 or over.[29]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 1,441 people, 546 households, and 394 families residing in the township. The population density was 88.0 people per square mile (34.0/km²). There were 693 housing units at an average density of 42.3 per square mile (16.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.96% White, 0.07% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.21% Asian, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population.[27][28]

There were 546 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.11.[27][28]

In the township the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males.[27][28]

The median income for a household in the township was $38,625, and the median income for a family was $49,453. Males had a median income of $36,375 versus $26,654 for females. The per capita income for the township was $20,617. About 2.2% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.[27][28]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Eagleswood Township is governed under the Township form of government with a three-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2015, members of the Eagleswood Township Committee are Mayor Debra A. Rivas (R, term on committee and as mayor ends December 31, 2015), Deputy Mayor Wayne Thomas (R, term on committee ends 2017; term as deputy mayor ends 2015) and Michael J. Pasternak (R, 2016).[4][30][31][32]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Eagleswood Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[33] and is part of New Jersey's 9th state legislative district.[9][34][35] Prior to the 2010 Census, Eagleswood Township had been part of the 3rd Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[36]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[37] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[38] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[39][40]

For the 2014-15 Session, the 9th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher J. Connors (R, Lacey Township) and in the General Assembly by DiAnne Gove (R, Long Beach Township) and Brian E. Rumpf (R, Little Egg Harbor Township).[41] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[42] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[43]

Ocean County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[44] At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2015, Ocean County's Freeholders (with party affiliation, term-end year, residence and department directorship listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director John C. Bartlett, Jr. (R, term ends December 31, 2015, Pine Beach; Finance, Parks and Recreation),[45] Freeholder Deputy Director Gerry P. Little (R, 2015, Surf City; Human Services),[46] John P. Kelly (R, 2016, Eagleswood Township; Law and Public Safety),[47] James F. Lacey (R, 2016, Brick Township; Transportation)[48] and Joseph H. Vicari (R, 2017, Toms River; Senior Services and County Operations).[49][50][51] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2015, Barnegat Light),[52][53] Sheriff Michael Mastronardy (R, 2016; Toms River)[54] and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2018, Beachwood).[55][56]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,115 registered voters in Eagleswood Township, of which 165 (14.8%) were registered as Democrats, 466 (41.8%) were registered as Republicans and 482 (43.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[57] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 69.6% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 88.8% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).[57][58]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 61.7% of the vote (455 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 37.1% (274 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (9 votes), among the 742 ballots cast by the township's 1,180 registered voters (4 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 62.9%.[59][60] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 58.8% of the vote (473 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 38.7% (311 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (7 votes), among the 804 ballots cast by the township's 1,169 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.8%.[61] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 62.6% of the vote (456 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 35.8% (261 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (8 votes), among the 729 ballots cast by the township's 997 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 73.1.[62]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 72.6% of the vote (345 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.4% (116 votes), and other candidates with 2.9% (14 votes), among the 482 ballots cast by the township's 1,144 registered voters (7 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.1%.[63][64] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 62.1% of the vote (351 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 26.4% (149 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.5% (37 votes) and other candidates with 2.3% (13 votes), among the 565 ballots cast by the township's 1,154 registered voters, yielding a 49.0% turnout.[65]

Education[edit]

The Eagleswood Township School District serves students in public school for grades pre-Kindergarten through sixth grade at Eagleswood Township Elementary School. As of the 2012-13 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 134 students and 13.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.07:1.[66]

Public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend the schools of the Pinelands Regional School District, which also serves students from Bass River Township, Little Egg Harbor Township and Tuckerton Borough.[67][68][69] Schools in the district (with 2012-13 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[70]) are Pinelands Regional Junior High School (836 students in grades 7-9) and Pinelands Regional High School (829 students in grades 10-12).[71]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 25.04 miles (40.30 km) of roadways, of which 11.19 miles (18.01 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.87 miles (14.27 km) by Ocean County, 3.01 miles (4.84 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.97 miles (3.17 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[72]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit offers local bus service between the township and Atlantic City on the 559 route.[73]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed February 16, 2015. As of date accessed, Rivas is listed as mayor with a term-end year of 2014.
  4. ^ a b Township of Eagleswood, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2015.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 49.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Eagleswood, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Populations: Ocean County", Asbury Park Press. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Eagleswood township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 5. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Eagleswood township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Eagleswood Township, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Eagleswood, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 27, 2012.
  17. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  19. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 202. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  20. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  21. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Ocean County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  22. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  23. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  24. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  25. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  26. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  27. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Eagleswood township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  28. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Eagleswood township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  29. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Eagleswood township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  30. ^ Home Page, Eagleswood Township. Accessed January 15, 2015.
  31. ^ 2015 Elected Officials of Ocean County, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. p. 4. Accessed January 15, 2015.
  32. ^ General Election November 4, 2014, Ocean County, New Jerssey, updated November 12, 2014. Accessed January 15, 2015.
  33. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  34. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  38. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  39. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  40. ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  41. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 24, 2014.
  42. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  43. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  44. ^ Freeholder History, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  45. ^ Freeholder Director John C. Bartlett Jr., Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  46. ^ Freeholder Deputy Director Gerry P. Little, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  47. ^ Freeholder John P. Kelly, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  48. ^ Freeholder James F. Lacey, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  49. ^ Freeholder Joseph H. Vicari, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  50. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  51. ^ County Directory, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  52. ^ County Clerk, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  53. ^ Biography of Scott M. Colabella, Office of the County Clerk. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  54. ^ Sheriff Michael Mastronardy, Ocean County Sheriff's Office. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  55. ^ County Surrogate Jeffrey W. Moran, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  56. ^ 2015 Elected Officials of Ocean County, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 25, 2015.
  57. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Ocean, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  58. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  59. ^ "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Ocean County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  60. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Ocean County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  61. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Ocean County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  62. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Ocean County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  63. ^ "Governor - Ocean County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  64. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Ocean County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  65. ^ 2009 Governor: Ocean County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  66. ^ District information for Eagleswood Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  67. ^ Pinelands Regional School District 2014 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed February 16, 2015. "The Pinelands Regional School District is a limited-purpose regional school district located in southern Ocean County. The District consists of a Junior High School for grades 7-9, a High School for grades 10-12 and an Alternative High School for at-risk students in grades 9-12. The communities of Bass River, Eagleswood, Little Egg Harbor, and Tuckerton are served by the District with approximately 1,700 students in grades 7-12.
  68. ^ Weaver, Donna. "Pinelands Board of Education passes its budget for 2008–09", The Press of Atlantic City, March 29, 2008. Accessed September 3, 2013. "The Pinelands Regional Board of Education passed its 2008–09 budget unanimously Thursday evening. The $32,488,006 regional budget is for Bass River Township, Tuckerton, Little Egg Harbor Township and Eagleswood Township. The budget comes with a 7.5 percent increase from the $30,230,088 it was in 2007–08."
  69. ^ "Regional School Districts", Burlington County Times, May 9, 2013. Accessed September 3, 2013. "PINELANDS REGIONAL - Serves: Bass River in Burlington County; Eagleswood, Little Egg Harbor and Tuckerton in Ocean County"
  70. ^ School Data for the Pinelands Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  71. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Pinelands Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  72. ^ Ocean County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  73. ^ Ocean County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed December 25, 2012.

External links[edit]