Ealhmund of Kent

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other people of the same name, see Ealhmund.

Ealhmund was King of Kent in 784.

The only contemporary evidence of him is an abstract of a charter dated in that year, in which Ealhmund granted land to the Abbot of Reculver.[1] By the following year Offa of Mercia seems to have been ruling directly, as he issued a charter [2] without any mention of a local king.

There is a general consensus that he is identical[3] to the Ealhmund found in two pedigrees in the Winchester (Parker) Chronicle, compiled during the reign of Alfred the Great. The genealogical preface to this manuscript, as well as the annual entry (covering years 855–859) describing the death of Æthelwulf, both make king Egbert of Wessex the son of an Ealhmund, who was son of Eafa, grandson of Eoppa, and great-grandson of Ingild, the brother of king Ine of Wessex, and descendant of founder Cerdic,[4] and therefore a member of the House of Wessex (see House of Wessex family tree). A further entry has been added in a later hand to the 784 annal, reporting Ealhmund's reign in Kent.

Finally, in the Canterbury Bilingual Epitome, originally compiled after the Norman conquest of England, a later scribe has likewise added to the 784 annal not only Ealhmund's reign in Kent, but his explicit identification with the father of Egbert.[5] Based on this reconstruction, in which a Wessex scion became king of Kent, his own Kentish name and that of his son, Egbert, it has been suggested that his mother derived from the royal house of Kent,[6] a connection dismissed by a recent critical review.[3] Historian Heather Edwards has suggested that Ealhmund was probably a Kentish royal scion, whose pedigree was forged to give his son Egbert the descent from Cerdic requisite to reigning in Wessex.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "S 38". Anglo-Saxons.net. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  2. ^ "S 123". Anglo-Saxons.net. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  3. ^ a b Bierbrier, p. 382
  4. ^ Garmonsway, pp. xxxii, 2, 4
  5. ^ Garmonsway, pp. xxxix-xxxx, 52
  6. ^ Kelley
  7. ^ Edwards, "Ecgberht"

References[edit]

  • Bierbrier, M.L., "Genealogical Flights of Fancy. Old Assumptions, New Sources", Foundations: Journal of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2:379–87.
  • Edwards, Heather (2004). "Ecgberht [Egbert] (d. 839), king of the West Saxons". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8581. Retrieved 14 May 2014.  (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  • Garmonsway, G.N. ed., The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, London: J. M. Dent & Sons, Ltd.
  • Kelley, David H., "The House of Aethelred", in Brooks, Lindsay L., ed., Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans. Salt Lake City: The Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, Occasional Publication, No. 2, pp. 63–93.

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ecgberht II
King of Kent
784
Succeeded by
Eadberht III Præn