Ealing Broadway station
Location of Ealing Broadway in Greater London
|Local authority||London Borough of Ealing|
|Managed by||First Great Western|
|Number of platforms||9|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|Original company||Great Western Railway|
|Pre-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|Post-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|Lists of stations|
| London Transport portal
UK Railways portalCoordinates:
Ealing Broadway is a National Rail and London Underground station in Ealing in west London. The station is located in Haven Green (B455), at the termination of The Broadway, and is in Travelcard Zone 3.
National Rail services are provided at the four Great Western Main Line platforms by First Great Western and Heathrow Connect. London Underground provide services to the three District line and the two Central line platforms.
For National Rail services, the next station to the east is Acton Main Line, but most trains run non-stop to Paddington. To the west, the next three local stations are West Ealing, Hanwell and Southall.
The Great Western Railway (GWR) opened its pioneering broad gauge tracks through Ealing Broadway between Paddington and Taplow on 6 April 1838, although Ealing Broadway station did not open until the following 1 December. As the only station in the area when it opened, it was initially named 'Ealing'.
District Railway (DR, now the District Line) services commenced on 1 July 1879, when the DR opened a branch from Turnham Green on its Richmond line. The DR built its own three-platform station to the north of the GWR one, although, following the installation of a connection between the two railways to the east of the stations, DR trains also served the GWR station from 1 March 1883, on a short-lived service running to Windsor and Eton Central station, which was withdrawn as unremunerative on 30 September 1885. It was also intended to use the connection for a service to Uxbridge Vine Street station (via West Drayton), but this was never introduced.
Following electrification of the main District line route through Ealing Common to South Harrow in 1903, the section to Ealing Broadway was electrified in 1905, and the first electric trains ran to Ealing Broadway on 1 July 1905. The original brick-built DR station was replaced with a stone-faced building sometime between 1907 and 1916.
Prior to World War I, plans were made by the GWR to construct a new, mainly freight, line between Ealing and Shepherd's Bush, to connect west-to-south with the West London Railway. The Central London Railway (CLR, now the Central Line) would use the line by extending its tracks the short distance north from its terminus at Wood Lane (now closed), to meet the new GWR tracks. CLR services to two new platforms at Ealing Broadway, built between the GWR and DR stations, started on 3 August 1920, with, initially, just one intermediate stop at East Acton. The line also carried GWR steam freight trains until 1938, when the links at Ealing Broadway and west of North Acton were removed, and the line was fully transferred to London Underground.
Originally separate companies, by 1920 the DR (by then known as the District Railway) and the CLR were both owned by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL). Despite this, the CLR services operated via the GWR station building, not the Underground one.
The GWR-built station was demolished in the 1970s and replaced by a low concrete structure containing shops and a ticket hall, with a high-rise office building above. The new station building serves all the lines, and the separate District Line station ticket hall was closed, although the building remains, and the original station entrance is now a shop.
Accidents and incidents
Main article: Ealing rail crash
- On 20 December 1973, an express passenger train was derailed when an unsecured inspection door on the locomotive hauling it struck point rodding, causing a set of points to move under the train. Ten people were killed, 94 were injured.
The station today
The combined station has nine platforms:
- four National Rail (platforms 1 to 4). Trains do not stop at platforms 1 and 2, except during engineering works or other disruption. Platforms 1 and 3 are on lines leaving London, while 2 and 4 are on lines into London. Most of the National Rail platforms are open to the elements, although there are some waiting rooms on each platform.
- two Central line (5 and 6), which have a shared awning canopy.
- three District Line (7 to 9). District Line platforms 8 and 9 are partially covered by a short canopy, and retain a number of examples of early solid-disc Underground signs, used before Edward Johnston designed the familiar roundel in 1919.
All platforms are accessed through a gateline of ticket barriers.
The typical off-peak service frequency (trains per hour – tph) is:
- 6tph (trains per hour) to Paddington (First Great Western)
- 4tph run non-stop
- 2tph call at Acton Main Line
- 2tph to Greenford
- 2tph to Reading
- 2tph to Oxford, with some continuing to Banbury
- 2tph to Paddington (does not call at Acton Main Line)
- 2tph to Heathrow Central (Heathrow Connect)
- 6tph on the District line to Upminster via Earl's Court
- 9tph on the Central line of which:
- Platforms 1–3 extended
- Step-free access
- Enlarged booking hall with more ticket gatelines
- Enlarged and remodelled pedestrian forecourt
- New footbridge to the east end of the station linking platforms 1–4
- Construction of a new canopy on platform 4.
The West London Business group backs a Surbiton-to-Brent Cross light rail, called the West London Orbital underground railway, based on Copenhagen Metro technology, which would include a station underground at Ealing Broadway. The London Borough of Ealing does not support the proposal, saying "no consensus to progress this project [due] to extremely high costs".
The London Group of the Campaign for Better Transport published a plan in 2008 for an off-road orbital North and West London Light railway (NWLLR), sharing the Dudding Hill Line freight corridor, and using the middle two of the six track beds at North Acton tube station. In April 2009 Ealing Council voted to call on Transport for London to look into the proposal.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- MacDermot, E T (1927). History of the Great Western Railway. 1 (1833-1863) (1 ed.). London: Great Western Railway.
- Connor, Piers (1993). "The District Looks West". Going Green: The Story of the District Line. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. pp. 14, 16. ISBN 1-85414-157-0.
- Day, John R. (1963). "The Metropolitan District and the Inner Circle". The Story of London's Underground (1st ed.). Westminster: London Transport. pp. 24–25.
- Demuth, Tim (2004). "1881-1890". The Spread of London's Underground (2nd ed.). Harrow: Capital Transport. pp. 8–9. ISBN 1-85414-277-1.
- Rose, Douglas (December 2007) . The London Underground: A Diagrammatic History (8th ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-315-0.
- Clarke, Hedley (2007). Underground Bullseyes 1972-2000. Colchester: Connor & Butler. pp. 6, 7, 50. ISBN 978-0-947699-40-6.
- Leboff, David (1994). London Underground Stations. Shepperton: Ian Allan. p. 42. ISBN 0-7110-2226-7.
- Trevena, Arthur (1980). Trains in Trouble. Vol. 1. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 41. ISBN 0-906899-01-X.
- Vaughan, Adrian (1989). Obstruction Danger. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens Limited. pp. 235–38. ISBN 1-85260-055-1.
- "Capital's key services protected, says Johnson". The Press Association. 20 October 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
- Russell, Michael (7 October 2009). "Boris faces calls to improve Ealing Station". Ealing Gazette (Trinity Mirror).
- "Crossrail Station Design Contract Awarded". Crossrail. 17 May 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- "Chapter 22 Route window W5 Ealing Broadway station". Crossrail. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- West London Orbital
- "West London Orbital 2008 Update". February 2008. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- "LIP Public Consultation Meetings". London Borough of Ealing. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- London Campaign for Better Transport North and West London light railway (NWLLR) / Brent Cross Railway (BCR) plan
- "Notes Of Council Meeting - 21st April 2009". Ealing Council. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ealing Broadway railway station.|
- London's Transport Museum Photographic Archive
- www.londonstation.com - Platforms 8 and 9 with early roundel signs visible
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
Ealing Broadway branch
Ealing Broadway branch
|Acton Main Line or Paddington||First Great Western
Great Western Main Line
|West Ealing or Southall|
|Terminus or Acton Main Line||First Great Western
Greenford Branch Line
Paddington - Heathrow
Southall on Sundays
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
towards Mansion House
|Preceding station||Crossrail||Following station|