Eamont Bridge

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Eden Bridge is Grade I listed
The Eden Millennium Monument, a 50 tonne inscribed stone, was placed overlooking Eamont Bridge in 2000

Eamont Bridge is a small village immediately to the south of Penrith, Cumbria.

The village is named after the bridge over the River Eamont and straddles the boundary between the ancient counties of Cumberland and Westmorland. One of the houses in the village is called the "Welcome Inn" and was at one time the "Welcome into Cumberland Inn".

Features[edit]

There are two ancient sites in the village, namely the earthwork known as King Arthur's Round Table and the much better preserved Mayburgh Henge which is situated between the rivers Lowther and Eamont. Mayburgh henge was built using stones from one or both rivers. The situation between rivers was probably important when it was built 3000 or 4000 years ago, and was also thus protected from invasion. Both sites are under the protection of English Heritage. There was another henge close to King Arthur's Round Table, now obliterated. A cup was reputed to have been found at the centre of the King Arthur's Round Table Henge. The gateway from Mayburgh Henge points in the direction of King Arthur's Round Table, which was probably a convenient meeting place for millennia. There are several more henges in the area, with at least two towards the north east, towards Brougham, visible There is a splendid example of vernacular architecture in the centre of the village: the Mansion House.

The southern or Westmorland half of the village lies within the civil parish of Yanwath and Eamont Bridge whereas the northern part (Skirsgill Lane and Kemplay Bank) is within the unparished area of Penrith. For other local government matters Eamont Bridge lies within the Eden District wards of Eamont, Penrith South and Penrith Pategill and the Cumbria county council electoral divisions of Penrith Rural, Penrith West and Penrith East.

There are two pubs opposite each other at the southern end of the village.

A nearby cave called Giant's Cave is associated with several legends. It is variously said to have been the home of a giant named Isir, or an evil knight named Tarquin, who imprisoned 64 men in the cave, or Uther Pendragon.[1]

The bridge[edit]

The village lies on the A6 road and before the opening of the M6 motorway was a notorious bottleneck due to the narrow bridge over the River Eamont which is still today controlled by traffic lights.

The bridge crosses the old coundy boundary between Cumberland and Westmorland and is one of the oldest bridges in the country still in daily use. It probably dates from the 15th century but was widened in the 19th and 20th centuries. It is a slightly humpbacked three arched bridge made of grey sandstone with alterations in red sandstone. The solid parapets include pedestrian refuges above the pillars. Like the village, the bridge stands partly in Yanwath and Eamont Bridge parish and partly in Penrith.[2]

History[edit]

On 12 July 927, Eamont Bridge was the scene of a gathering of kings from throughout Britain as recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and the histories of William of Malmesbury and John of Worcester. Present were Athelstan, Constantín mac Áeda, Owain of Strathclyde, Hywel Dda, and Ealdred son of Eadulf. This is generally seen as the date of the foundation of the Kingdom of England.



Coordinates: 54°39′N 2°45′W / 54.650°N 2.750°W / 54.650; -2.750

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ash, Russell (1973). Folklore, Myths and Legends of Britain. Reader's Digest Association Limited. p. 365. ISBN 9780340165973. 
  2. ^ "Name: EAMONT BRIDGE List entry Number: 1145301". English Heritage. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 

External links[edit]