Eanbald (floruit 798)

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Eanbald
Archbishop of York
Coin of Eanbald II of York.png
A sceat of Eanbald II
Province York
Diocese Diocese of York
See Archbishop of York
Appointed circa 796
Term ended circa 808
Predecessor Eanbald I
Successor Wulfsige
Orders
Consecration 14 August 796
Personal details
Born unknown
Died circa 808

Eanbald (usually known as Eanbald II to distinguish him from an earlier archbishop also named Eanbald; died c. 808) was an eighth century Archbishop of York and correspondent of Alcuin

Life[edit]

Eanbald was taught by Alcuin when Alcuin was the teacher of the school of York, and was affectionately nicknamed "Simeon" by Alcuin.[1]

Eanbald was consecrated the successor of his namesake to the archbishopric of York on 14 August 796.[2]

Alcuin wrote frequently to Eanbald, laying down many rules for the direction of his province.[3] He sent many gifts to York, including a shipload of metal (stagnum) for the roof of the bell tower at York Minster.[4]

Eanbald assisted Æthelhard, Archbishop of Canterbury, in recovering the rights of the See of Canterbury which had been despoiled by Offa.

In 798 Eanbald assembled his clergy in synod at Finchale, near Durham. There, he enacted a number of regulations relating to the ecclesiastical courts and the observance of Easter. He may have been the first to introduce the Roman Ritual in the church of York.[5]

Eanbald became estranged from Eardwulf, king of Northumbria after denouncing Eardwulf's adulteries as well as Eanbald's sheltering of Eardwulf's enemies in church sanctuary.[6][7]

Eanbald died sometime about 808,[2] perhaps as late as 830, if numismatic evidence is correct.[5]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Duckett Alcuin p. 28
  2. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 224
  3. ^ Duckett Alcuin pp. 205-208
  4. ^ Duckett Alcuin pp. 296-298
  5. ^ a b Rollason "Eanbald (II) (fl. 796–803)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  6. ^ Yorke Kings and Kingdoms p. 93
  7. ^ Kirby Earliest English Kings p. 132

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Eanbald I
Archbishop of York
c. 796–c. 808
Succeeded by
Wulfsige