Earl Anthony Wayne

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Earl Anthony Wayne
Earl A Wayne ambassador.jpg
United States Ambassador to Mexico
Incumbent
Assumed office
August 2, 2011
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Carlos Pascual
Deputy U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan
In office
May 2010 – June 2011
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Francis J. Ricciardone, Jr.
Succeeded by James B. Cunningham
United States Ambassador to Argentina
In office
January 19, 2007 – April 6, 2009
President George W. Bush
Barack Obama
Preceded by Lino Gutierrez
Succeeded by Vilma Socorro Martínez
Personal details
Born 1950 (age 64–65)
Sacramento, California
Nationality American

Earl Anthony Wayne (born in 1950) is a United States international policy maker and diplomat. Formerly Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs, Ambassador to Argentina and Deputy Ambassador to Afghanistan, Wayne has been Ambassador to Mexico since being nominated by President Obama and confirmed by the Senate in 2011.[1]

Life and education[edit]

Earl Anthony Wayne was born in Sacramento, California in 1950 and grew up in nearby Concord, where he graduated from High School in 1968. He earned a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley (1972), Master's degrees in Political Science from Stanford University (1973) and Princeton University (1975), and a Master's degree in Public Administration from the John F. Kennedy School at Harvard University (1984). He is known as "Tony" to close acquaintances and is married with two adult children.[2]

Diplomatic career[edit]

A career diplomat since 1975, he first served as a China analyst in the Department of State and was then posted overseas as a political officer in Rabat, Morocco. He was assigned to serve in the Executive Secretariat at the State Department under Secretaries of State Cyrus Vance and Edmund Muskie, in 1980. He worked as Special Assistant to Secretaries of State Alexander Haig and George Shultz, from 1981 to 1983, and was named First Secretary at the U.S. Embassy in Paris, 1984–87.

Wayne then took a leave of absence and worked as the national security correspondent for the Christian Science Monitor for two years. He returned to Foreign Service as the Director for Regional Affairs for the U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for Counter-Terrorism, from 1989 to 1991. He served as Director for Western European Affairs at the National Security Council from June 1991 until mid-1993, as Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Mission to the European Union until 1996, and as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Europe and Canada (1996–97).[2]

His appointment as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of European Affairs in 1997 gave Wayne broader responsibilities including in the management of U.S. relations with the European Union, the OECD, the G-8, regional economic and global issues, and Nazi restitution issues. He played an important role in organizing the Stability Pact Summit for South West Europe in 1999.

Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs[edit]

Wayne was subsequently appointed and confirmed as Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs (EB) in 2000. He served in that position for three Secretaries of State. In EB, he oversaw work on post-conflict economic assistance, economic sanctions, international debt, development and economic reform policies, combating the financing of terrorism, international energy policy, trade, intellectual property and investment policies, international telecommunications policy, international transportation policies, support for U.S. businesses overseas, and efforts to end trade in "conflict diamonds". He also had a leading role in coordinating a number of reconstruction and assistance donor conferences during this time.

Wayne served as Interim Under Secretary for Economic, Business and Agricultural Affairs in 2005, during which he also served as U.S. Foreign Affairs "Sous-Sherpa," helping prepare the Gleneagles G8 Summit, in addition to his duties as Assistant Secretary.

Ambassador to Argentina[edit]

In 2006, Wayne was nominated and confirmed as U.S. Ambassador to Argentina, and he presented his credentials in November 6 of that year. In 2008, he received the Paul Wellstone Anti-Slavery Ambassador of the Year Award for his work against trafficking in persons in Argentina.

Time in Afghanistan[edit]

In June 2009, Ambassador Wayne was asked to serve in a newly created position as Coordinating Director for Development and Economic Affairs[3] in Kabul, Afghanistan, where he oversaw U.S. government non-military assistance to that country.[4]

In late May, 2010, Wayne took over the position of Deputy Ambassador at the U.S. Embassy in Kabul. In that role, under Ambassador Karl Eikenberry, he oversaw Embassy programs and staff, worked closely with the Afghan government, coordinated with the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan and with other elements of the international community and Afghan society.[3]

Ambassador to Mexico[edit]

In May 2011, President Obama submitted Wayne's nomination to be the next US Ambassador to Mexico. Wayne was confirmed by the United States Senate on August 2, and presented his credentials to President Felipe Calderón on September 13, 2011.[5][6] During Wayne's tenure, the United States and Mexico have expanded cooperation on economic, educational, public security and other issues. The two governments established a High Level Economic Dialogue, the Mexico-U.S. Entrepreneurship and Innovation Council, the U.S.-Mexico Bilateral Forum on Higher Education, Innovation and Research, and a Bilateral Security Forum, while continuing cooperation under the Merida Initiative.

Recognition[edit]

Confirmed by the Senate as a "Career Ambassador" (2010); Cordell Hull Award for Economic Achievement by Senior Officers (2010); Paul Wellstone Anti-Slavery Ambassador of the Year Award (2008); Department of State's Distinguished Honor Award (2005); Presidential Distinguished Service Award (2001); two Presidential Meritorious Service Awards (2012, 2005); Secretary of Defense Medal for Meritorious Civilian Service (2011); Global Ambassador of Peace and Public Service, International House, University of California, Berkeley (2015).

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Earl Anthony Wayne at Wikimedia Commons

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Carlos Pascual
U.S. Ambassador to Mexico
2011 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Francis J. Ricciardone, Jr.
Deputy U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan
2010 – 2011
Succeeded by
James B. Cunningham
Preceded by
Lino Gutierrez
U.S. Ambassador to Argentina
2006 – 2009
Succeeded by
Vilma Socorro Martínez