Earl Anthony Wayne

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Earl Anthony Wayne
Earl A Wayne ambassador.jpg
United States Ambassador to Mexico
Assumed office
August 2, 2011
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Carlos Pascual
Deputy U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan
In office
May 2010 – June 2011
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Francis J. Ricciardone, Jr.
Succeeded by James B. Cunningham
United States Ambassador to Argentina
In office
January 19, 2007 – April 6, 2009
President George W. Bush
Barack Obama
Preceded by Lino Gutierrez
Succeeded by Vilma Socorro Martínez
Personal details
Born 1950 (age 64–65)
Sacramento, California
Nationality American

Earl Anthony Wayne (born in 1950) is a United States international policy maker and diplomat. Formerly ambassador to Argentina and deputy ambassador to Afghanistan, Wayne has been ambassador to Mexico since being appointed by President Obama in 2011.[1]

Life and education[edit]

Earl Anthony Wayne was born in Sacramento, California in 1950 and grew up in nearby Concord, where he graduated from High School in 1968. He earned a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley (1972), Master's degrees in Political Science from Stanford University (1973) and Princeton University (1975), and a Master's in Public Administration from Harvard University (1984). While at UC Berkeley, he joined Tau Kappa Epsilon. He was known as "Tony" to friends and close acquaintances and is married and has a daughter and a son.[2]

Diplomatic career[edit]

A career diplomat since 1975, he was first posted overseas as a political officer in Rabat, Morocco, after serving as a China analyst in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research at the State Department in Washington, DC. He was assigned to serve in the Executive Secretariat at the State Department under Secretaries of State Cyrus Vance and Edmund Muskie, in 1980. He was asked to serve as Special Assistant to Secretaries of State Alexander Haig and George Shultz, from 1981 to 1983, and was named First Secretary at the U.S. Embassy in Paris, 1984–87, where he followed French politics and encouraged counter-terrorism (CT) cooperation between the US and France.

Wayne then took a leave of absence and worked as the national security correspondent for the Christian Science Monitor for two years. He returned to Foreign Service as the Director for Regional Affairs for the U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for Counter-Terrorism, from 1989 to 1991, during a period marked by the Gulf War as well as expanded CT cooperation with the countries of the former Warsaw Pact. He served as Director for Western European Affairs at the National Security Council from June 1991 until mid-1993, as Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Mission to the European Union until 1996, and as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Europe and Canada (1996–97).[2]

His appointment as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of European Affairs in 1997 gave Wayne broader responsibilities including in the management of U.S. relations with the European Union, the OECD, the G-8, regional economic and global issues, and Nazi restitution issues. He played an important role in organizing the Stability Pact Summit for South West Europe in 1999. These experiences led to his appointment as Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs (EB) from June 2000 until June 2006, during which he was promoted to Career Minister (2002).

In EB, he oversaw work on post-conflict economic assistance, economic sanctions, international debt, development and economic reform policies (including the creation of the Millennium Challenge Corporation), combating the financing of terrorism, international energy policy, trade, intellectual property and investment policies, international telecommunications policy, international transportation policies, support for U.S. businesses overseas, and efforts to end trade in "conflict diamonds". He also had a leading role in coordinating reconstruction assistance and pledges to countries hit by the 2004 Asian tsunami and to Pakistan, after the 2005 earthquake in Kashmir.[2]

Wayne served as Interim Under Secretary for Economic, Business and Agricultural Affairs in 2005, during which he also served as U.S. Foreign Affairs "Sous-Sherpa," helping prepare the Gleneagles G8 Summit, in addition to his duties as Assistant Secretary. By serving as Assistant Secretary from 2000 to 2006, Wayne became the longest serving Assistant Secretary since the inception of the Economic Bureau.[3] He is also a member of the advisory board for the Mexico Institute.

Ambassador to Argentina[edit]

In 2006, President George W. Bush nominated Wayne to be Ambassador to Argentina, and he presented his credentials as Ambassador to Foreign Minister Jorge Taiana on November 6 of that year.

Wayne as Ambassador to Argentina

Ambassador Wayne accepted the post during a period of tense relations between the center-left President of Argentina, Néstor Kirchner, and President Bush. He maintained a policy of close communication with the Argentine Government and of a more lively cultural involvement of embassy with its host country. He championed interaction between US musicians and other well known cultural figures with Argentine youth, as well as increased embassy outreach activities to needy Argentine communities and with worthwhile Argentine Non-Governmental Organizations. His public outreach events included a "voters day" during the 2008 US Presidential Election at the US embassy with music and American food for the several thousand U.S. nationals living in Buenos Aires who were eligible to vote via absentee ballot.

That year, he received the Paul Wellstone Anti-Slavery Ambassador of the Year Award for his work against trafficking in persons. Wayne had worked closely and successfully with several Argentine NGOs, Argentine legislators, and officials to encourage stronger laws and practices to fight the trafficking in persons, especially women and children He has also received the Department of State’s Distinguished Honor Award and Presidential Distinguished Service and Meritorious Service Awards.[2][4]

Time in Afghanistan[edit]

President Barack Obama nominated Vilma Socorro Martínez as the new U.S. Ambassador to Argentina in June 2009, upon which Ambassador Wayne accepted a post as Coordinating Director for Development and Economic Affairs[3] in Kabul, Afghanistan, where he oversaw all U.S. government non-military assistance to that country.[5]

Secretary Clinton recognized Wayne's work in Afghanistan by presenting him with the Cordell Hull Award for Economic Achievement by Senior Officers in October, 2010. The award recognized Ambassador Wayne's leadership in reorganizing, reforming, redirecting, and reinvigorating U.S. economic, development, and governance policies and programs in Afghanistan.[6] In late 2010, President Obama nominated Wayne and two other veteran diplomats to the rank of "Career Ambassador", and the Senate gave its approval in December.[7]

In late May, 2010, Wayne took over the position of Deputy Ambassador at the U.S. Embassy in Kabul. In that role, under Ambassador Karl Eikenberry, he oversaw all Embassy programs and staff, worked closely with the Afghan government, coordinated with the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan and with other elements of the international community and Afghan society.[3]

Ambassador to Mexico[edit]

On May 24, 2011, President Obama submitted Wayne's nomination to be the next US Ambassador to Mexico, to follow Carlos Pascual who departed in March following Wikileaks disclosures.[8] Wayne was confirmed unanimously by the United States Senate on August 2, and presented his credentials to President Felipe Calderón on September 13, 2011.[9][10]


External links[edit]

Media related to Earl Anthony Wayne at Wikimedia Commons

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Carlos Pascual
U.S. Ambassador to Mexico
2011 – present
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Francis J. Ricciardone, Jr.
Deputy U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan
2010 – 2011
Succeeded by
James B. Cunningham
Preceded by
Lino Gutierrez
U.S. Ambassador to Argentina
2006 – 2009
Succeeded by
Vilma Socorro Martínez