Earl of Durham
Earl of Durham is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1833 for the prominent Whig politician and colonial official John Lambton, 1st Baron Durham. Known as "Radical Jack", he played a leading role in the passing of the Great Reform Act of 1832. As Governor General of British North America he was the author of the famous Report on the Affairs of British North America, known in Canada as the Durham Report. Lambton had already been created Baron Durham, of the City of Durham and of Lambton Castle in the County Palatine of Durham, in 1828, and was created Viscount Lambton at the same time as he was raised to the earldom. These titles are also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, the second Earl. He served as Lord-Lieutenant of County Durham from 1854 to 1879. On his death the titles passed to his eldest twin son, the third Earl. He was Lord-Lieutenant of County Durham from 1884 to 1928 and was made a Knight of the Garter in 1909. He died childless and was succeeded by his younger twin brother, the fourth Earl. He represented South Durham and South East Durham in the House of Commons. His grandson, the sixth Earl, was a Conservative politician. He disclaimed his peerages shortly after succeeding his father in 1970, but continued improperly to style himself Viscount Lambton. As of 2009 the titles are held by his only son, the seventh Earl, who succeeded in 2006. Before succeeding in the earldom he styled himself Lord Durham to avoid confusion with his father.
Several other members of the Lambton family have also gained distinction. Both the first Earl's father, William Henry Lambton (1764–1797), and grandfather, Major-General John Lambton (1710–1794), as well as his great-uncle Henry Lambton (1697–1761), represented the City of Durham in Parliament. The Hon. Sir Hedworth Lambton (1856–1929) (who assumed the surname of Meux in lieu of Lambton), third son of the second Earl, was an Admiral of the Fleet. The Hon. Charles Lambton (1857–1949), fourth son of the second Earl, was a Brigadier-General in the Army. The Hon. George Lambton (1860–1945), fifth son of the second Earl, was a thoroughbred racehorse trainer who trained two Epsom Derby winners. The Hon. Sir William Lambton (1863–1936), sixth son of the second Earl, was a Major-General in the Army.
Earls of Durham and Viscounts of Lambton (1833)
- John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham (1792–1840) and 1st Viscount of Lambton (1833-1840)
- Hon. Charles William Lambton (1818–1831)
- George Frederick d'Arcy Lambton, 2nd Earl of Durham (1828–1879) and 2nd Viscount of Lambton (1840-1879)
- 1879-1928 John George Lambton, 3rd Earl of Durham (1855–1928) and 3rd Viscount of Lambton (1879-1928)
- Frederick William Lambton, 4th Earl of Durham (1855–1929) and 4th Viscount of Lambton (1928-1929)
- John Frederick Lambton, 5th Earl of Durham (1884–1970) and 5th Viscount of Lambton (1929-1970)
- John Roderick Geoffrey Francis Edward Lambton, Viscount Lambton (1920–1941)
- 1970-2006 Antony Claud Frederick Lambton, 6th Earl of Durham (1922–2006, but disclaimed 1970) and 6th Viscount of Lambton (1970-2006)
- Edward Richard Lambton, 7th Earl of Durham (b. 1961) and 7th Viscount of Lambton (2006-present)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son Frederick Lambton born 1985, who is sometimes referred to as Viscount Lambton (as his father has not used the title) and formally as Honourable Frederick Lambton.
Baron of Durham
- John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham - 1st Baron 1828-1840
- George Frederick d'Arcy Lambton, 2nd Earl of Durham - 2nd Baron 1840-1879
- John George Lambton, 3rd Earl of Durham - 3rd Baron 1879-1928
- Frederick Lambton, 4th Earl of Durham - 4th Baron 1928-1929
- John Lambton, 5th Earl of Durham - 5th Baron 1929-1970
- Antony Lambton - 6th Baron 1970-2006
- Edward Lambton, 7th Earl of Durham - 7th Baron 2006-present
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