Earl of Lauderdale
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Earl of Lauderdale is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1624 for John Maitland, 2nd Lord Maitland of Thirlestane, Berwickshire. The second Earl was created Duke of Lauderdale but died without male issue when the dukedom became extinct. The earldom passed to his brother Charles, 3rd Earl. Charles married, in 1652, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Lauder of Haltoun and by this marriage came into that family's great estates.
Other titles associated with the earldom are: Viscount of Lauderdale (created 1616), Viscount of Maitland (1624), Lord Maitland of Thirlestane (1590) and Lord Thirlestane and Boulton (1624). All of these titles are in the Peerage of Scotland. The Earl of Lauderdale is the hereditary Clan Chief of Clan Maitland. The title Viscount Maitland is sometimes used as a courtesy title for the Earl's eldest son and heir. The eldest son is also known as the Master of Lauderdale.
The historical family seat is Thirlestane Castle, near Lauder, in Scotland. Thirlestane is currently the home of Captain the Hon Gerald Maitland-Carew and his family, Captain Maitland-Carew being a son of the late Lady Carew, wife of the 6th Baron Carew and a daughter of the 15th Earl of Lauderdale.
Lieutenant-Colonel John Maitland was the tenth son of the sixth Earl. Elizabeth Tollemache, 2nd Countess of Dysart was the second wife of the Duke of Lauderdale, but her titles passed to her son from her own previous marriage.
Lords Maitland of Thirlestane (May 1590)
- John Maitland, 1st Lord Maitland of Thirlestane (1537–1595)
- John Maitland, 2nd Lord Maitland of Thirlestane (d.1645) (created Earl of Lauderdale in 1624)
Earl of Lauderdale (14 March 1624)
- John Maitland, 1st Earl of Lauderdale (d. 1645)
- John Maitland, 2nd Earl of Lauderdale (1616–1682), created Duke in 1672
Duke of Lauderdale (1672)
also created Earl of Guilford and Baron Petersham in the Peerage of England in 1674
- John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale (1616–1682)
All titles created for him became extinct upon his death.
Earl of Lauderdale (1624 - reverted)
- Charles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale (d. 1691)
- Richard Maitland, 4th Earl of Lauderdale (d. 1695)
- John Lauder or Maitland, 5th Earl of Lauderdale (d. 1710)
- Charles Maitland, 6th Earl of Lauderdale (d. 1744)
- James Maitland, 7th Earl of Lauderdale (1718–1789)
- James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale (1759–1839)
- James Maitland, 9th Earl of Lauderdale (1784–1860)
- Anthony Maitland, 10th Earl of Lauderdale (1785–1863)
- Thomas Maitland, 11th Earl of Lauderdale (1803–1878)
- Charles Barclay-Maitland, 12th Earl of Lauderdale (1822–1884)
- Frederick Henry Maitland, 13th Earl of Lauderdale (1840–1924)
- Frederick Colin Maitland, 14th Earl of Lauderdale (1868–1931)
- Ian Colin Maitland, 15th Earl of Lauderdale (1891–1953)
- Alfred Sydney Frederick Maitland, 16th Earl of Lauderdale (1904–1968)
- Patrick Francis Maitland, 17th Earl of Lauderdale (1911–2008)
- Ian Maitland, 18th Earl of Lauderdale (b. 1937)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son John Douglas Maitland, Master of Lauderdale, Viscount Maitland (b. 1965)