Earl of Lovelace
|Earldom of Lovelace|
|Creation date||30 June 1838|
|Created by||Queen Victoria|
|Peerage||Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|First holder||William King-Noel, 8th Baron King|
|Present holder||Peter King, 5th Earl|
|Remainder to||heirs male of the body of the grantee|
|Subsidiary titles||Baron King; Viscount Ockham|
Earl of Lovelace is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1838 for William King-Noel, 8th Baron King, a title created in 1725.
The King or Locke King family stems from the elevation of the son of Jerome King, a grocer, of Exeter, and his wife Anne,[n 1] great-niece of the philosopher John Locke. This son was Sir Peter King, a prominent lawyer and politician who served as Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas from 1714 to 1725 and as Lord Chancellor from 1725 to 1733; as such in 1725 he was created Baron King of Ockham in the County of Surrey, in the Peerage of Great Britain (verbally and less formally Lord King). The estate he bought was chosen as his territorial designation.
He was succeeded by his eldest son (the second Baron). He represented Launceston and Exeter in the House of Commons but died aged 34. His three younger brothers: Peter, William and Thomas all succeeded in the barony. The latter was succeeded by his son, the sixth Baron.
His son, the seventh Baron, was a Whig politician and writer. On his 1833 death the title passed to his eldest son, the eighth Baron. In 1835, Lord King married as his first wife the Hon. (Augusta) Ada Byron, the only daughter of the poet, Lord Byron, and his wife, 11th Baroness Wentworth who was a descendant of the extinct Barons Lovelace. In 1838 he was created Viscount Ockham (territorial designation the same, to be the family's first courtesy title), and Earl of Lovelace in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He was appointed the Lord-Lieutenant of Surrey from 1840 to 1893. Ada died in 1852, leaving her husband, in his forties, a widower. In 1860, he assumed for himself[n 2] the additional surname and arms of Noel, those of Wentworth. In 1865 he remarried, to Jane Crawford Jenkins[n 3] and had one child, who would go on eventually to inherit the earldom.
Lord Lovelace acquired Horsley Towers (now a hotel) in East Horsley and was patron of the parish church funding the rebuilding of the chancel and the nave in 1869. He also rebuilt the wall of the churchyard which included a number of architectural features such as the gazebo and its family crest-engraved walls. He planned for his death 20 years before he died when began work on his mausoleum in another corner of the churchyard. The mausoleum, which has recently been restored, contains his tomb and that of his second wife. His eldest son Byron (King) Noel, Viscount Ockham, briefly succeeded his maternal grandmother to become twelfth Baron Wentworth according to its special remainder in 1860. However, he predeceased his father, unmarried two years later.
Lord Lovelace was therefore succeeded by his second surviving son who was thus already Lord Wentworth.
In 1861, this still untitled son had assumed by Royal license the surname of Milbanke in lieu of Noel. He had no sons and was succeeded in the barony of Wentworth by his only child, Ada King-Milbanke, 14th Baroness Wentworth[n 4]. The 2nd Earl (Lord Lovelace) was succeeded in the titles other than the Wentworth one by his half-brother. In 1895, Lord Lovelace received for himself only Royal license to use the additional surname and arms of Noel, but resumed by Royal license, in 1908, the surname and arms of King only for himself and his children.
He served in the First World War as a Major in the Northumberland Fusiliers and as a staff-Captain. As of 2013[update] the titles are held by his grandson, the fifth Earl, who succeeded his father in 1964. The present Earl inherited the title in 1964.
The family seat following its purchase by the 1st Lord King was Ockham Park, Ockham, Surrey until the fine Jacobean house was reduced to outbuildings in a fire in 1948. The family has moved its main home to Torridon House, near Torridon in Ross-shire.
Ada Lovelace was an English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include what is recognised as the first algorithm intended to be processed by a machine. Because of this, she is often described as the world's first computer programmer.
Notable younger sons and their sons
The Hon. Peter King, second son of the seventh Lord King (and brother of the first Earl of Lovelace), was a long-serving progressive politician who bought Brooklands and the father of Hugh F. Locke King, the entrepreneur who transformed it into a pioneering racetrack and aviation centre from the year 1906 onwards.
- Peter King, 1st Baron King (1669–1734)
- John King, 2nd Baron King (1706–1740)
- Peter King, 3rd Baron King (1709–1754)
- William King, 4th Baron King (1711–1767)
- Thomas King, 5th Baron King (1712–1779)
- Peter King, 6th Baron King (1736–1793)
- Peter King, 7th Baron King (1776–1833)
- William King, 8th Baron King (1805–1893) (created Earl of Lovelace in 1838)
Earls of Lovelace (1838)
- William King-Noel, 1st Earl of Lovelace (1805–1893)
- Ralph Gordon Noel King-Milbanke, 2nd Earl of Lovelace (1839–1906)
- Lionel Fortescue King, 3rd Earl of Lovelace (1865–1929)
- Peter Malcolm King, 4th Earl of Lovelace (1905–1964)
- Peter Axel William Locke King, 5th Earl of Lovelace (b. 1951)
There is no heir to the barony or earldom.
Notes and references
- her father was Peter Locke
- by Royal licence
- a widow
- With its wide remainder, the 14th Baroness was succeeded by her aunt Anne Blunt, 15th Baroness Wentworth, daughter of the first Earl; see the Baron Wentworth for later history of this title
- There have been other King peerages, each of them life peerages.
- St Martin's Church
- Exploring Surrey's Past
- Fuegi & Francis 2003, pp. 16–26.
- Phillips, Ana Lena (November–December 2011). "Crowdsourcing gender equity: Ada lovelace day, and its companion website, aims to raise the profile of women in science and technology". American Scientist 99 (6): 463.
- "Ada Lovelace honoured by Google doodle", The Guardian, 10 December 2012, retrieved 10 December 2012.
- Lovelace, Earl of (UK, 1838) – website Cracroft's Peerage