Earl of Lancaster

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The title of Earl of Lancaster was created in the Peerage of England in 1267, merging in the crown in 1399. See also Duke of Lancaster.

Earls of Lancaster (1267)[edit]

Portrait Name Earl From Earl Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Edmond1.jpg Edmund Crouchback
1st Earl of Lancaster
30 June 1267 5 June 1296
Thomas of Lancaster.JPG Thomas of Lancaster
2nd Earl of Lancaster
8 September 1298 22 March 1322 Son of Edmund Crouchback
Henry of Lancaster
3rd Earl of Lancaster
26 October 1326 22 September 1345 Brother of Thomas of Lancaster, son of Edmund Crouchback
Portrait of Henry, Duke of Lancaster - William Bruges's Garter Book (c.1440-1450), f.8 - BL Stowe MS 594 (cropped).jpg Henry of Grosmont
4th Earl, 1st Duke of Lancaster
22 September 1345 23 March 1361 Son of Henry of Lancaster
Johnofgaunt.jpg John of Gaunt
5th Earl, 1st Duke of Lancaster
14 August 1361 3 February 1399 Son-in-law of Henry of Grosmont
King Henry IV from NPG (2).jpg Henry Bolingbroke
6th Earl, 2nd Duke of Lancaster
3 February 1399 30 September 1399 Son of John of Gaunt

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Castor, Helen (2000). The King, the Crown, and the Duchy of Lancaster: Public Authority and Private Power, 1399-1461. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 8–21. ISBN 0-19-820622-4. 
  • Fowler, Kenneth Alan (1969). The King's Lieutenant: Henry of Grosmont, First Duke of Lancaster, 1310-1361. London. ISBN 0-236-30812-2. 
  • Given-Wilson, C. (June 1994). "Richard II, Edward II, and the Lancastrian Inheritance". The English Historical Review 109 (432): pp. 553–571. doi:10.1093/ehr/CIX.432.553. 
  • Goodman, Anthony (1992). John of Gaunt: The Exercise of Princely Power in Fourteenth-Century Europe. Burnt Mill, Harlow, Essex: Longman. ISBN 0-582-09813-0. 
  • Lloyd, Simon; Harrison, B. (2004). "Edmund, first earl of Lancaster and first earl of Leicester (1245–1296)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8504. 
  • McKisack, May (1959). The Fourteenth Century: 1307–1399. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-821712-9. 
  • Maddicott, J. R. (1970). Thomas of Lancaster, 1307–1322: A study in the reign of Edward II. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-821837-0. 
  • Mortimer, Ian (2007). The Fears of King Henry IV: The Life of England's Self-Made King. London: Jonathan Cape. ISBN 978-0-224-07300-4. 
  • Powicke, F. M. (1947). King Henry III and the Lord Edward: The Community of the Realm in the Thirteenth Century. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-821837-0. 
  • Powicke, F. M. (1953). The Thirteenth Century: 1216-1307. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-285249-3. 
  • Powicke, F. M.; Fryde, E.B. (1961). Handbook of British Chronology (2nd ed.). London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 434–5. 
  • Prestwich, Michael (2007). Plantagenet England 1225–1360. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-922687-0. 
  • Somerville, Robert (1953). History of the Duchy of Lancaster. vol. 1. London: Chancellor and Council of the Duchy of Lancaster. 
  • Walker, Simon (1990). The Lancastrian Affinity 1361-1399. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-820174-5. 
  • Waugh, Scott L.; Harrison, B. (2004). "‘Henry of Lancaster, third earl of Lancaster and third earl of Leicester (c.1280–1345)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12959.