Earlham College

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Coordinates: 39°49′28.44″N 84°54′47.78″W / 39.8245667°N 84.9132722°W / 39.8245667; -84.9132722

Earlham College
Earlham College Seal.png
Motto Vita Lux Hominum
Established 1847
Type Private coeducational
Religious affiliation Quakers[1]
Endowment $335 million
Location Richmond, IN, USA
Campus small city:
800 acres (3.2 km2)
Athletics
16 Division III NCAA teams
Colors maroon and white          
Nickname The Hustlin' Quakers[2]
Mascot Big Earl
Website www.earlham.edu
Earlham-College.png

Earlham College is a liberal arts college in Richmond, Indiana. It was founded in 1847 by Quakers and has approximately 1,200 students.

In keeping with Friends' belief in equality, everyone addresses each other at Earlham by his or her first name, without the use of titles such as "doctor" or "professor"; likewise, "freshmen" are referred to as "first year (students)".

While Earlham is primarily a residential undergraduate college, it also has two graduate programs — the master of arts in teaching and the master of education — which provide a route for teacher licensure to students with liberal arts undergraduate degrees; there is also an affiliated graduate seminary, the Earlham School of Religion. Earlham College is listed in Loren Pope's book, Colleges That Change Lives, and has produced two Nobel laureates (both in chemistry).

History[edit]

Earlham was founded in 1847 as a boarding high school for the religious education of Quaker adolescents.[3] In 1859, Earlham became Earlham College, upon the addition of collegiate academics. At this time, Earlham was the third Quaker college in the United States (Haverford College was first, Guilford College the second), and the second to be coeducational (Oberlin College was first). Though the college initially only admitted students who belonged to the Religious Society of Friends, Earlham began admitting non-Quakers in 1865. The college was named for Earlham Hall, home of the Gurneys, an important English Quaker family.

Over time, as Quakerism in America became more progressive, Earlham's practices changed with them, though the college has remained faithful to its Quaker roots. In 1942 Earlham enrolled several dozen Japanese-American students to prevent their internment during World War II, a decision that was very controversial in Richmond. 1960 marked the establishment of the Earlham School of Religion, then the only Friends seminary in the world.

Campus[edit]

Earlham's 800-acre (3.2 km2) campus lies at the southwestern edge of Richmond, Indiana, a city of 36,812 (2010 census). The main quadrangle of the campus is called "the Heart." It is surrounded by Earham Hall (with the Runyan Center student union directly behind it), Olvey-Andis Hall, Lilly Library, Carpenter Hall, Landrum Bolling Center, the science buildings (Stanley Hall, Noyes Hall and Dennis Hall), Tyler Hall, Bundy Hall and Barrett Hall. Ninety-four percent of Earlham students live on campus in a variety of settings.[4] The campus includes eight residence halls (Barrett Hall, Bundy Hall, Earlham Hall, Mills Hall, Hoerner Hall, Olvey-Andis Hall, Warren Hall and Wilson Hall)[5] and 28 theme and friendship houses, which border the North and East edges of the campus.[6] U.S. Route 40 runs along the edge of the campus.

Carpenter Hall at Earlham College

The Joseph Moore Museum is a natural history museum located on campus and run by students and biology department faculty, focusing on Indiana's natural history. It is open to the public (free of charge) and tours are available upon request. The majority of Earlham College's campus is undeveloped forest and meadow, including the undeveloped "back campus" area, which serves as an outdoor classroom.

The school has recently embarked on major campus improvement projects which cost a combined $62.3 million.[7] The science complex (Stanley, Dennis, and Noyes Halls) is undergoing a complete renovation which is expected to receive LEED Silver certification. Stanley Hall was completed by Fall 2013, whereas the other buildings' renovation has yet to begun and is likely to finish in 2015. Tyler Hall, originally built thanks to a Carnegie Grant, fell into a mild state of disrepair over the last several decades and has been renovated to a LEED Silver standard. Tyler Hall now houses Earlham's Admissions department. A new Fine Arts building is currently being constructed which is expected to finish by August 2014. A new baseball stadium was recently completed (Fall 2013), and major renovations to the football field were completed prior to the 2012 season.

Earlham College has been singled out in the National Wildlife Federation's national report card on sustainability in higher education as having exemplary programs.[8] Earham's Environmental Plan (approved 2005) is an assessment of how Earlham impacts the environment, what steps have been or can be taken to reduce impacts.[9]

Curriculum and community[edit]

Earlham ranks ninth in the nation (out of 1,306 colleges and universities) in its percentage of graduates who go on to receive a Ph.D. in the biological sciences and twenty-ninth in the percentage of students going on to Ph.D. programs in all fields.[10] Roughly 70% of Earlham students go on a semester-length off-campus program to such destinations as Mexico, the U.S./ Mexican border, Vienna, Martinique, Northern Ireland, Great Britain, France, Germany, Spain, New Zealand, Japan and Tanzania.[11] This high rate is possible because a student's financial aid helps to offset the full cost of one semester on any Earlham-approved program. In addition, there are a number of shorter off-campus May terms, with destinations both within the U.S. and abroad (Australia, Galapagos, Senegal, Menorca, and Turkey, as recent examples). Earlham has an exchange program with Waseda University in Japan, which has existed since 1963. In addition, Earlham College offers the SICE program[12] in Morioka, Japan, a program in which about twelve to fourteen students teach English in middle schools in Morioka.

In the sciences, Earlham places a large emphasis on integrating research into the undergraduate curriculum. Through Ford/Knight grants, most science faculty have been or are currently involved with students in research.[13] Earlham has good representation in the Butler Undergraduate Research Conference, held each year in the spring.[14] The pre-medicine program is particularly distinguished, in that over the last ten years all but one of its graduates have been accepted into medical school. Earlham's biology and chemistry departments have a long history of producing distinguished graduates, such as Warder Clyde Allee, Wendell Stanley, Jim Fowler, and Larry E. Overman.

The choir department organizes regional and national tours every year for its ensembles. In January 2012, the concert choir performed in Indianapolis, IN, the Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis, and Chicago, IL.[15] The choral and instrumental music departments collaborate on a biennial basis, performing works such as Carmina Burana and Michael Tippett's A Child of Our Time. The College has a full Gamelan ensemble, which performs concerts in the Spring.[16] Earlham has an entirely student-managed public radio station, WECI 91.5FM.[17]

Earlham has students from 77 countries, the most out of any liberal arts college in the United States. This equates to roughly 200 students, which is the highest total number of international students for any co-educational liberal arts college in the country (Mount Holyoke has more, but is a female-only institution). This high diversity is due in part to a strong relationship with the United World College network of international boarding high schools. Since 2004, Earlham College has been a part of the Davis United World Scholars program, which offers need-based scholarships for UWC graduates to continue their education at select institutions in the United States [18] The Davis Cup, which is awarded to the college with the most current students from this program, has been awarded to Earlham several times in recent memory, though as of 2011 Brown University regained the title by a margin of five students. The college also draws from all regions of the United States, with students from 42 states. Domestic minorities represent 15% of the student body.[11]

Earlham is known for having the United States' only Equestrian program which is run entirely by students. Lessons are available for students of the college and community members.[19]

In keeping with Quaker tradition, Earlham students voluntarily invest many hours of community service into the Richmond community. Students report an average of 23,000 hours of volunteering work every year, and Earlham's Bonner program offers financial aid in exchange for volunteering work for students with high financial need.[11]

Earlham College is a member of the Great Lakes Colleges Association.

Adjacent Institutions[edit]

There are two institutions located adjacent to the Earlham College undergraduate campus: Earlham School of Religion, a Quaker theological graduate school and Bethany Theological Seminary, an independent Church of the Brethren institution offering graduate and non-degree programs. Earlham College students can take courses at these institutions (which share facilities with the college).

Athletics[edit]

Earlham competes in NCAA Division III. The women's sports are basketball, cross country, field hockey, indoor track, outdoor track, soccer, tennis, and volleyball. The men's sports are baseball, basketball, cross country, football, indoor track, outdoor track, soccer, and tennis.[20] Earlham College was a member of the North Coast Athletic Conference and starting in Fall 2010 will be a member of the Heartland Collegiate Athletic Conference. Earlham has won championships in men's cross country[citation needed]. The athletics teams are known as the Quakers. They originally had been the Fightin' Quakers; although the name was meant tongue-in-cheek, it was changed in the 1980s to the Hustlin' Quakers after the college's board of regents decided that it was inappropriate for Quakers to fight.[citation needed] In the 1990s, the name was changed again to simply Quakers. Perhaps the Quakers' most notable football game was against Japan's Doshisha University Hamburgers in 1989.[21]

Indiana Legend and long-time NBA coach Del Harris was the Head Coach at Earlham for 9 years (1965-1974). He twice led the Quakers to a Top 10 ranking in the NAIA final poll and won a school-record 175 games and three Hoosier Collegiate Conference championships. He led them to the NAIA National Tournament in 1971 with a record of 24-5.

In the 2010-11 season, the Earlham College Men's Tennis team became the first squad in Earlham history to qualify for the NCAA Div. III Championships by winning the Heartland Collegiate Athletic Conference Tournament title. Earlham College Men's Tennis Team Website. Since the 2011 conference championship, the men's tennis team has won the conference title in 2012 and 2013. In February 2013 the men's tennis team earned its first national ranking in NCAA Division III athletics at no. 30, the first Earlham team to do so since 1999 when the men's soccer team was ranked no. 16.[22]

Earlham has many Club teams: some of the more successful ones are Ultimate Frisbee, Women's and Men's rugby. Other clubs include the Bike Co-Op, Cheerleaders, Earthquakers (Competitive Dance), Equestrian Program, martial arts groups, Men's Volleyball, and Outdoors Club.[23] A $13-million Athletics and Wellness Center opened at the beginning of the Fall 1999 semester. Students are not charged to use the facility, which features an energy center for cardiovascular and strength training, a group fitness studio for aerobics and yoga, Weber Pool (25 meters by six lanes), racquetball courts, tennis courts, a running track, a climbing wall and Schuckman Court (a performance gymnasium with seating for 1,800).[20] In 2007, Earlham opened its new 2,000 seat Darrell Beane Stadium, with a football field and running track.[24]

Wilderness programs[edit]

Earlham was one of the first colleges in the country to initiate student and faculty led wilderness programs, back in 1970 {Earlham College Wilderness Program Instructors Manual, 1975, by Douglas Steeples, Phil Shore, Alan Kesselheim, Henry Merrill "and others", edited by Phil Shore and Alan Kesselheim}. These programs were designed for incoming first-year and transfer students who received credit for them. The program is divided into the Water August Wilderness and the Mountain August Wilderness and lasts for approximately three weeks; the former canoes in Wabakimi Provincial park in Ontario and the latter hikes in the Uinta Mountains in Utah. Students have taken ice climbing, dog sledding, caving, white water kayaking, rock climbing, trail construction and canoeing courses for credit. The program in the past has led spring break canoeing trips to Big Bend National Park in southwestern Texas, a semester course to New Zealand and a May Term (a condensed three-week term after the spring semester) instructor training course for its August Wilderness program. Challenge/experiential education courses on the college's own high and low ropes is offered as well as the chance to be certified as Wilderness First Responders in an intensive spring break course. In the past students have also had the opportunity to rappel of the College's three story science building.

Earlham College remains the only American institution of tertiary education that allows students to study aardvarks extensively in their native habitat in the Kakamega Forest.[25]

Student life[edit]

Earlham College has recently become a campus where students over the age of 21 can consume beer under 6% and wine under 12% for personal consumption only. Drinking is fairly commonplace. In August 2007, as part of New Student Orientation for the incoming class of 2011, the Earlham faculty revealed their new approach to dealing with alcohol issues. Although the official alcohol policy remains the same, the primary focus is now on education and personal responsibility, as opposed to enforcement.

Tension sometimes arises between students and the Quaker Indiana and Western Yearly Meetings over issues of sexuality. Western and, to an even greater degree, Indiana Yearly Meeting tend to be more conservative on issues such as condom distribution, pregnancy, and homosexuality. Tension over the issue of homosexuality led to a decision in 2011 to split Indiana Yearly Meeting.[26][27]

In 2005, the Committee on Campus Life approved a new pregnancy policy, stating that pregnant women may reside in on-campus housing, but are also offered a housing exemption if they so desire.

Most students stay on-campus during the weekends. The Student Activities Board, Earlham Film Series, student bands, theater productions, etc. offer a variety of activities on the weekends.

In March 2005, William Kristol, founder and editor of The Weekly Standard, was hit in the face with an ice cream pie by a student during a lecture he gave on campus.[citation needed] This event made national and international news and was carried by many leading news outlets. Some students and faculty at the lecture showed strong disapproval of the act. The event sharply divided students and faculty, with some showing support for the act of pieing and some showing strong disapproval. Many, however, felt that the act was unjustly punished by the President (who was also indirectly hit by the pie). The student was subsequently suspended for the rest of the semester and dropped out the following year. Additionally, President Doug Bennett overturned a College Judiciary Council ruling that found the students who knew about the pieing ahead of time not guilty; this act further divided the campus. Shortly after the incident, conservative commentators Pat Buchanan and David Horowitz were 'attacked' (with salad dressing and a pie, respectively) and a 'teach-in' at Earlham was conducted which featured three faculty members sharing their views. Several years ex post facto, the pieing, the punishment, and whether William Kristol should have even been invited to speak at Earlham all continue to be issues of contention amongst the faculty and student body.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quaker Colleges, Universities and Study Centers
  2. ^ "Earlham Style Guide > Sports Style" (PDF). Earlham College. Archived from the original on May 15, 2005. Retrieved 2006-01-15. 
  3. ^ "A Brief History of Earlham College". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2011-11-12. 
  4. ^ "About". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2011-11-12. 
  5. ^ "Residence Halls". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  6. ^ "Theme Houses". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  7. ^ "Construction Projects". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2013-02-10. 
  8. ^ "Earlham Recognized in National Campus Sustainability Report". Pressroom.earlham.edu. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  9. ^ "Planning at Earlham". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  10. ^ "What's Excellent About Earlham". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2008-04-02. 
  11. ^ a b c "Collegiate Profile". Earlham College. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  12. ^ SICE: Studies in Cross-Cultural Education.
  13. ^ "Student/Faculty Research". Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  14. ^ "2011 Butler Undergraduate Research Conference Schedule". 
  15. ^ "Midwest Choir Tour". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-30. 
  16. ^ "Instrumental Music". Earlham College. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  17. ^ "WECI 91.5FM Richmond Public Radio". Weciradio.org. 2010-04-12. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  18. ^ ["http://www.earlham.edu/alumni/whats-happening/news/?id=13468&r=3867." "Earlham Joins Worldwide 50th Anniversary Celebration for United World Colleges"]. earlham.edu. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  19. ^ "Co-Operative Program". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-30. 
  20. ^ a b "Athletics". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  21. ^ "Week's Lessons Extend Beyond Football Practice". The New York Times. September 10, 1989. p. 151. Retrieved 2010-01-18. (registration required (help)). 
  22. ^ http://www.goearlham.com/news/2013/2/28/MTEN_0228135006.aspx
  23. ^ "Student Handbook - Club Sports". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  24. ^ "Darrell Beane Stadium". Earlham.edu. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  25. ^ From Earlham college website.
  26. ^ School, Earlham (2011-07-29). "Learning and Leading: Indiana Yearly Meeting, July 21-24, 2011". Esrquaker.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2012-09-30. 
  27. ^ Fraser, Margaret (2011-10-05). "Connecting Friends: Salt and Light: Unbinding ties". Connectingfriendssaltandlight.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2012-09-30. 

External links[edit]