Earliest serving United States Representative

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This page contains a list of the individuals who, at the time of their deaths, had served at the earliest date in the United States House of Representatives among those current or former Representatives then living and a list of the earliest serving United States Representatives among those currently living (sitting or former).

Earliest serving Representatives (historic)[edit]

This is a list of the representatives who were, while in office or after, the earliest-serving living before they died.

Begin Date End Date Representative Party State 1st Entered House
March 4, 1789 July 4, 1808 Fisher Ames Pro-Administration
Federalist
Massachusetts March 4, 1789
July 4, 1808 August 24, 1833 Egbert Benson Pro-Administration
Federalist
New York March 4, 1789
August 24, 1833 August 29, 1837 John Brown Anti-Administration
Democratic-Republican
Virginia
Kentucky
March 4, 1789
August 29, 1837 September 21, 1842 Jeremiah Smith Pro-Administration
Federalist
New Hampshire March 4, 1791
September 21, 1842 March 6, 1844 Gabriel Duvall Anti-Administration
Democratic-Republican
Maryland November 11, 1794
March 6, 1844 August 12, 1849 Albert Gallatin Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania March 4, 1795
August 12, 1849 November 1, 1849 Elizur Goodrich Federalist Connecticut March 4, 1799
November 1, 1849 May 6, 1860 Littleton Tazewell Democratic-Republican
Jacksonian
Virginia November 26, 1800
May 6, 1860 July 18, 1872 Samuel Thatcher Federalist Massachusetts December 6, 1802
July 18, 1872 November 1, 1874 Enos Thompson Throop Democratic-Republican New York March 4, 1815
November 1, 1874 May 10, 1875 Willard Hall Democratic-Republican Delaware March 4, 1817
May 10, 1875 October 7, 1883 Mark Alexander Democratic-Republican
Crawford Republican
Jacksonian
Virginia March 4, 1819
October 7, 1883 December 18, 1885 Hiland Hall Anti-Jacksonian
Whig
Vermont January 1, 1833
December 18, 1885 May 30, 1888 John James Pearson Anti-Jacksonian Pennsylvania December 5, 1836
May 30, 1888 June 11, 1894 John T. Andrews Democratic New York March 4, 1837
June 11, 1894 November 16, 1894 Robert Charles Winthrop Whig Massachusetts November 9, 1840
November 16, 1894 February 9, 1900 Richard W. Thompson Whig Indiana March 4, 1841
February 9, 1900 September 20, 1900 John Alexander McClernand Democratic Illinois March 4, 1843
September 20, 1900 April 22, 1903 Alexander Ramsey Whig
Republican
Pennsylvania
Minnesota
March 4, 1843
April 22, 1903 July 10, 1903 Ausburn Birdsall Democratic New York March 4, 1847
July 10, 1903 May 19, 1907 Andrew J. Harlan Democratic Indiana March 4, 1849
May 19, 1907 February 4, 1909 Addison White Whig Kentucky March 4, 1851
February 4, 1909 January 30, 1912 James C. Allen Democratic Illinois March 4, 1853
January 30, 1912 May 26, 1912 John Jamison Pearce Opposition Pennsylvania March 4, 1855
May 26, 1912 March 12, 1916 George William Palmer Republican New York March 4, 1857
March 12, 1916 March 14, 1919 Roger Atkinson Pryor Democratic Virginia December 7, 1859
March 14, 1919 November 3, 1924 Cornelius Cole Republican California March 4, 1863
November 3, 1924 March 15, 1926 Jackson Orr Republican Iowa March 4, 1871
March 15, 1926 September 4, 1930 Frederick George Bromberg Liberal Republican Alabama March 4, 1873
September 4, 1930 November 2, 1939 John Roy Lynch Republican Mississippi March 4, 1873
November 2, 1939 May 25, 1947 Perry Belmont Democratic New York March 4, 1881
May 25, 1947 October 22, 1954 Harrison Henry Atwood Republican Massachusetts March 4, 1895
October 22, 1954 March 24, 1961 Mitchell May Democratic New York March 4, 1899
March 24, 1961 November 7, 1967 John Nance Garner Democratic Texas March 4, 1903
November 7, 1967 April 9, 1972 James Francis Byrnes Democratic South Carolina March 4, 1911
April 9, 1972 June 1, 1981 Carl Vinson Democratic Georgia November 3, 1914
June 1, 1981 January 18, 1991 Hamilton Fish III Republican New York November 2, 1920
January 18, 1991 October 10, 1991 Victor Christgau Republican Minnesota March 4, 1929
October 10, 1991 May 8, 1998 Jennings Randolph Democratic West Virginia March 4, 1933
May 8, 1998 January 24, 2000 Carl Thomas Curtis Republican Nebraska January 3, 1939
January 24, 2000 October 18, 2004 Edwin Arthur Hall Republican New York November 7, 1939
October 18, 2004 August 13, 2005 William Jennings Bryan Dorn Democratic South Carolina January 3, 1947
August 13, 2005 January 20, 2007 George Smathers Democratic Florida January 3, 1947
January 20, 2007 December 4, 2012 Jack Brooks Democratic Texas January 3, 1953
December 4, 2012 present Melvin R. Laird Republican Wisconsin January 3, 1953

Earliest serving Representatives currently living[edit]

This is a list of the currently living representatives, sitting or former, who first entered the House at least 50 years ago. Seniority is determined by alphabetical order.

Rank Representative Date of birth Entered House Left House State Party Time since entry
1 Melvin R. Laird September 1, 1922 January 3, 1953 January 21, 1969 Wisconsin Republican 61 years, 105 days
2 Clarence Clifton Young November 7, 1922 January 3, 1957 Nevada Republican
3 Bruce Alger June 12, 1918 January 3, 1955 January 3, 1965 Texas Republican 59 years, 105 days
4 Kenneth J. Gray November 14, 1924 January 3, 1989 Illinois Democratic
5 Jim Wright December 22, 1922 June 30, 1989 Texas Democratic
6 John Dingell July 8, 1926 December 13, 1955 in office Michigan Democratic 58 years, 126 days
7 William Broomfield April 28, 1922 January 3, 1957 January 3, 1993 Michigan Republican 57 years, 105 days
8 Merwin Coad September 28, 1924 January 3, 1963 Iowa Democratic
9 Robert P. Griffin November 6, 1923 May 10, 1966 Michigan Republican
10 Harry G. Haskell, Jr. May 27, 1921 January 3, 1959 Delaware Republican
11 Robert H. Michel March 2, 1923 January 3, 1995 Illinois Republican
12 Arch A. Moore, Jr. April 16, 1923 January 3, 1969 West Virginia Republican
13 Al Quie September 18, 1923 February 18, 1958 January 3, 1979 Minnesota Republican 56 years, 59 days
14 John Brademas March 2, 1927 January 3, 1959 January 3, 1981 Indiana Democratic 55 years, 105 days
15 Cornelius Edward Gallagher March 2, 1921 January 3, 1973 New Jersey Democratic
16 Ken Hechler September 20, 1914 January 3, 1977 West Virginia Democratic
17 Robert Kastenmeier January 24, 1924 January 3, 1991 Wisconsin Democratic
18 Del Latta March 5, 1920 January 3, 1989 Ohio Republican
19 Thomas G. Morris August 20, 1919 January 3, 1969 New Mexico Democratic
20 Neal Edward Smith March 23, 1920 January 3, 1995 Iowa Democratic
21 John B. Anderson February 15, 1922 January 3, 1961 January 3, 1981 Illinois Republican 53 years, 105 days
22 Bob Dole July 22, 1923 January 3, 1969 Kansas Republican
23 Paul Findley June 23, 1921 January 3, 1983 Illinois Republican
24 R. James Harvey July 4, 1922 January 31, 1974 Michigan Republican
25 Walter Lewis McVey, Jr. February 19, 1922 January 3, 1963 Kansas Republican
26 Richard Schweiker June 1, 1926 January 3, 1969 Pennsylvania Republican
27 Fernand St. Germain January 9, 1928 January 3, 1989 Rhode Island Democratic
28 Lucien N. Nedzi May 28, 1925 January 3, 1981 Michigan Democratic
29 Bill Brock November 23, 1930 January 3, 1963 January 3, 1971 Tennessee Republican 51 years, 105 days
30 Jim Broyhill August 19, 1927 July 14, 1986 North Carolina Republican
31 Don Edwards January 6, 1915 January 3, 1995 California Democratic
32 Ed Foreman December 22, 1933 January 3, 1965 Texas Republican
33 Donald M. Fraser February 20, 1924 January 3, 1979 Minnesota Democratic
34 Richard Fulton January 27, 1927 August 14, 1975 Tennessee Democratic
35 Don Fuqua August 20, 1933 January 3, 1987 Florida Democratic
36 Bernard F. Grabowski June 11, 1923 January 3, 1967 Connecticut Democratic
37 John Otho Marsh, Jr. August 7, 1926 January 3, 1971 Virginia Democratic
38 Joseph McDade September 29, 1931 January 3, 1999 Pennsylvania Republican
39 John M. Murphy August 3, 1926 January 3, 1981 New York Democratic
40 Alec G. Olson September 11, 1930 January 3, 1967 Minnesota Democratic
41 Ogden R. Reid June 24, 1925 January 3, 1975 New York Republican, Democratic
42 Donald Rumsfeld July 9, 1932 March 20, 1969 Illinois Republican
43 K. William Stinson April 20, 1930 January 3, 1965 Washington Republican
44 Burt L. Talcott February 22, 1920 January 3, 1977 California Republican
45 Donald H. Clausen April 27, 1923 January 22, 1963 January 3, 1983 California Republican 51 years, 86 days
46 Fred B. Rooney November 6, 1925 July 30, 1963 January 3, 1979 Pennsylvania Democratic 50 years, 262 days
47 Mark Andrews May 19, 1926 October 22, 1963 January 3, 1981 North Dakota Republican 50 years, 178 days

See also[edit]