|Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Airchill|
Earlston shown within the Scottish Borders
|Council area||Scottish Borders|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk|
|Scottish Parliament||Midlothian South, Tweeddale and Lauderdale|
Earlston (Scots: Yerlston, Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Airchill) is a civil parish and market town in the county of Berwickshire, within the Scottish Borders. It is on the River Leader in Lauderdale, Scotland.
Earlston was originally called Arcioldun or Prospect Fort, with reference to Black Hill (1,003 feet (306 m)), on the top of which can still be traced the concentric rings of the British fort for which it was named. It is also said to be possible to make out the remains of the cave-dwellings of the Votadini, the tribal confederation in this part of Scotland.
Also of historical interest is the ivy-clad ruin of the Rhymer's Tower, a keep said to date from as early as the 13th century. It is the traditional residence of Thomas Learmonth, commonly called Thomas of Ercildoune, or Thomas the Rhymer, poet, prophet, and legendary friend of the Elves, who was born here about 1225, more likely in a small house which preceded the later Tower-house.
Some 3 miles south is the estate of Bemersyde, said to have been in the possession of the Haigs for nearly 1000 years, Petrus de Haga (d. c1200) on record as proprietor in the 13th century. The castle at Bemersyde must have been there at a very early date. Robert Haig completely rebuilt the tower-house in 1535 to protect the Monk's Ford which lay virtually equidistant between Dryburgh Abbey and Old Melrose Abbey. It was sacked in 1545, and rebuilt in 1581. It was added to in 1690 (with stone quarried from Dryburgh Abbey), in 1761 (West wing), and 1796 (East wing). Further alterations in 1841 and 1859 (the replacement of the West wing) were followed by alterations in 1923. Between 1959-61 what has been described as a "fashionable reduction and remodelling" took place which removed the servants wing to the north and modified that to the West, restoring more of the dominant character of the Great Tower. The stables, arch, and wall are 18th-century. The prospect from Bemersyde Hill was Sir Walter Scott's favorite view, and is now commonly known as "Scott's View".
Just north of Earlston is the estate of Carolside, with a three-storey-and-basement Georgian mansion with (possibly later) single-storey bow-ended wings, on the valley floor in its former deer park setting, built for James Lauder of Carolside (d.1799). In an article written by J.Hardy in 1886 for the History of the Berwickshire Naturalists' Club 1885-1886 it is stated that:
"half way down the drive to Carolside, grow three small maple trees and a hawthorn on what was once a knoll (now levelled). This was said to mark an old burial place of the Lauder family. Mr.Mitchell of Stow left directions to place a stone in this place, and it has been done by [his widow] Lady Reay, with the inscription: 'This stone is placed by the directions of Alexander Mitchell, Esq., of Stow, M.P. to mark the spot which was the ancient burial place of the Lauder family'."
There has been a church at Earlston since at least 1250. A stone which marks that Auld Rhymer's race lies in this place was transferred to the new kirk in 1736, and again to the most recent (1892) Victorian version in red sandstone, where it is somewhat dominated by carved memorials to the owners of the local Park Farm. There are some good early gravestones in the churchyard and an attractive set of gatepiers erected in 1819.
Earlston Primary School educates pupils from a number of surrounding villages and hamlets.
Earlston is also served by Earlston High School, an S1 - S6 secondary school. It also takes pupils from the surrounding area. The present school building located at Georgefield opened in the summer of 2009. The old building was in an area beside the industrial estate and attached to the primary school.
- Indexes to the Services of Heirs in Scotland, Edinburgh 1863, gives a time of death for James Lauder of Carolside, Berwickshire, and Whitslaid, Selkirkshire, as January 1799.
- Berwick and Borders, by Charles A Strang, Rutland Press, 1994, pps:187-8. ISBN 1-873190-10-7
- Family Seats - Bemersyde, in The Scottish Genealogist, Edinburgh, June 2005, vol.LII, no.2, pps:67-71. ISSN 0300-337X
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Earlston". Encyclopædia Britannica 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 797