Early Closing Association

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The Early Closing Association was formed in the United Kingdom in 1842[1] or 1843[2] to control the hours of labour in retail shops, and to abolish Sunday trading. It was promoted by Samuel Carter Hall, George Dawson[3] and John Passmore Edwards,[4] among others.

Victoria (Australia)[edit]

A similar association was founded in Melbourne in the 1850s. Retail workers sought to reduce the number of work hours and to introduce early closing on Saturdays. [5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Probert Encyclopaedia
  2. ^ Mandler, Peter. "Hall, Samuel Carter". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/11987.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ Sellers, Ian. "Dawson, George". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7347.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ Morris, A. J. A. "Edwards, John Passmore". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32981.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^ http://ergo.slv.vic.gov.au/explore-history/fight-rights/workers-rights/fight-retail-hours