The Crime Society of America from 52 Week 52, art breakdowns by Keith Giffen.
|First appearance||Justice League of America #29 (1964)|
|Created by||Gardner Fox
|In story information|
|Notable people||Alexander Luthor, Jr.
Crime Syndicate of America
1964–1985: Original concept
Earth-Three was introduced by Gardner Fox and Mike Sekowsky in a 1964 issue of Justice League of America. Earth-Three's history is depicted as a mirror image to that of the Earth we know. On Earth-Three, Christopher Columbus was an American who discovered Europe; England (a colony of America) won freedom in a reversed form of the Revolutionary War (with Washington surrendering his sword to Cornwallis); and President John Wilkes Booth was assassinated by actor Abraham Lincoln. Crucially, Earth-Three was home to an analogue to the Justice League, the Crime Syndicate of America.
The Crime Syndicate would recur as powerful enemies of the Justice League until DC's 1985 company-wide crossover, Crisis on Infinite Earths. Crisis revealed that Lex Luthor, here called Alexander Luthor, is the only superhero on an Earth otherwise occupied entirely by villains, most of whom are reversed analogues of heroes on other DC Earths. Earth-Three is destroyed by waves of antimatter in the opening scenes of the series. The sole survivor is the son of Alexander and Lois Lane Luthor, Alexander Luthor, Jr. At the conclusion of the series, all other worlds in the Multiverse were merged.
1992–2011: Anti-matter Earth, new Multiverse
DC used Crisis on Infinite Earths to simplify its complex continuity and multiverse into a single narrative set on a single universe, not counting the antimatter universe which was integral to the story of how the Green Lantern villain Sinestro acquired his powers. Editorial mandate initially meant stories featuring the Crime Syndicate were entirely unavailable to writers, but DC later attempted to reintroduce the Crime Syndicate without the setting of Earth-Three in 1992's Justice League Quarterly #8, which featured a group of aliens from the planet Qward (the antimatter counterpart of Oa) who functioned as "more powerful" Justice League analogues.
This first attempt at bringing back the Crime Syndicate did not stick, and the principle concept behind Earth-Three would be revisited in Grant Morrison's JLA: Earth 2. Morrison recast much of Earth-Three's history as that of the Antimatter Universe's own version of Earth, which is home to the Crime Syndicate of America. He makes notable departures to this formula however, by presenting this world as the product of an alternate history and by reimagining various Crime Syndicate members (for example, by recasting Owlman as Batman's brother Thomas Wayne, and by recasting Ultraman not as the alien Kal-El but a human astronaut who acquires Kryptonian abilities). At the end of JLA: Earth-2, Amerika had launched a nuclear strike on London, against Britain's independence movement.
In Superman/Batman Annual #1, three members of this Crime Syndicate of Amerika—Ultraman, Owlman, and Superwoman—appear on the main DC Earth, along with an unnamed antimatter doppelganger of Deathstroke (whose behavior, including humorous breaking of the fourth wall, and powers are exactly the same as Marvel Comics' Deathstroke parody Deadpool) hired to protect Bruce Wayne. The story supposedly takes place as the first time Superman and Batman figure out each other's identities and matches Batman, Superman, and Deathstroke against their respective antimatter selves. It should be noted, however, that the story is being told by Mr. Mxyzptlk, and may therefore be completely untrue.
In the final issue of the 52-issue weekly series 52 in 2007, a new Multiverse is revealed, originally consisting of 52 parallel realities. Among the parallel realities shown is one designated "Earth-3". As a result of Mister Mind "eating" aspects of this reality, it takes on visual aspects of the pre-Crisis Earth-Three. The Earth-3 concept was not heavily explored after this, but does figure in a couple of issues of 52's follow-up weekly series, Countdown to Final Crisis (2007–8). The name of the new Earth-3 team is revealed to be the Crime Society of America. The Crime Society are considered to be evil versions of the heroes of Earth-2, acting as a new Golden Age counterpart to the Antimatter Earth. A hero known as the Jokester operates in this universe, as later do the Riddler, Three-Face (Evelyn Dent), and Duela Dent. In Countdown #31 the version of Zatanna (Annataz Arataz) from this world was used by Superman-Prime to keep Mister Mxyzptlk in check. Based on comments by Grant Morrison, this alternate universe is not the pre-Crisis Earth-Three. Despite the return of the DC Multiverse and the creation of a new Earth-3, the Antimatter Earth still exists in Qward, acting as an inverted microcosm of New Earth. The pre-established Crime Syndicate of Amerika from the Antimatter Universe were then featured heavily in Trinity, DC's third year-long weekly series.
2013–present: The New 52
DC again rebooted its continuity in 2011 as part of The New 52. In 2013, the "Trinity War" crossover event reintroduces Earth-3. It is mentioned as the home of true evil and of the Crime Syndicate and that it was destroyed by an unknown entity. The Crime Syndicate is largely modeled after Morrison's, with the introduction of new characters, and by re-envisioning Ultraman once again as an alien with an origin story which more closely parallels Superman's. In the closing scenes of "Trinity War", Ultraman, Superwoman, Owlman, Johnny Quick, Power Ring, Deathstorm, Alfred Pennyworth and Atomica reveal themselves to the Justice League of Earth Prime. Sea King also inhabited Earth-3, but quickly died after passing through the gateway to Prime Earth. An Earth-3 version Martian Manhunter is also revealed to exist. Alexander Luthor, who can become Mazahs, is also from Earth-3, and an enemy of the Crime Syndicate.
The New 52
|Notes||New Earth / Prime Earth
|Ultraman||Lieutenant Clark Kent/Ultraman||Kal-Il/Clark Kent/Ultraman||Similar to the story of Superman, the Ultraman was sent from the planet Krypton to Earth-Three where he first encountered Kryptonite in outer space which began to change him into a super-powerhouse possessing vast powers and abilities. Upon reaching adulthood, he renamed himself Ultraman and began a life of conquest and destruction. It would be during his conquering that he encountered four other superpowered beings who would all loosely gather together in various schemes to overtake their world and become the Crime Syndicate of America. His real name is unknown.
The antimatter Ultraman was a human astronaut, whose ship was imploded into hyperspace and an unknown alien race reconstructed Kent in an attempt to repair the damaged astronaut, which ended up altering the human both mentally and physically, giving him ultrapowers. The process also twisted his mind. Ultraman's power relies on his proximity and exposure to a substance called Anti-Kryptonite; the longer and farther he is separated from it, the weaker he becomes. Ultraman is unhappily married to his Crime Syndicate teammate Superwoman. In the early 2000s, the two had a child together.
In the New 52, Ultraman comes from a version of Krypton whose people worship strength and despise weakness. He went on to found the Crime Syndicate and take over the world. Ultraman values strength and selfishness, and hates weakness and altruism. After Earth-3 was devastated by the same being that destroyed Krypton, Ultraman led the Crime Syndicate to the main DC Earth to conquer it. This version of Ultraman is empowered by Kryptonite (and even snorts it like a drug) and is hurt by sunlight. After being defeated by the Justice League, Ultraman is in the custody of the authorities.
|Owlman||Thomas Wayne, Jr./Owlman||Owlman is an unnamed super-intelligent supervillain and a member of the criminal organization known as the Crime Syndicate of America. In some of his appearances, Owlman also had the ability to briefly control other people's minds, though it is unclear how he acquired this ability. He was also able to see in the dark. He developed artificial devices to enhance his mental abilities, most notably the large reflective owl eyes in his helmet which he uses as a focusing transmitter onto his target.
In the antimatter universe, Thomas Wayne, Jr. was the older brother of that reality's Bruce Wayne. Young Bruce was killed along with his mother by a policeman when Thomas, Sr., refused to accompany him for questioning. Thomas, Jr., escaped the crime and grew up to become Owlman. Equipping himself with a utility belt containing technology and weapons, along with possessing a drug-enhanced high intellect, Owlman became a master criminal. While Ultraman is the leader of the Syndicate, Owlman is the real brains behind the group. Further complicating things is the fact that Thomas, Jr., has carried on a longtime affair with Ultraman's wife Superwoman. Ultraman is aware of the affair, but due to Thomas, Jr., having undisclosed photographic blackmail material against the villain, he is unable to seek retribution against Owlman for the betrayal.
In the New 52, Thomas, Jr. had planned with his servant, Alfred, the murder of his parents so he can inherit all of the Wayne fortune before their parents throw all of their money away. Alfred eventually fulfilled the plan, killing both Waynes and young Bruce. After that, Thomas Wayne, Jr. had become the richest boy in Gotham City. He grew up to become Owlman and he eventually joined the Crime Syndicate. He had a secret affair with Ultraman's wife and teammate Superwoman. Thomas later took under his wing, Richard Grayson, and he eventually became his sidekick, Talon. He along with the rest of the Crime Syndicate moved to the main DC Earth to conquer it. After being defeated by the Justice League, Owlman is mentioned to still be at large.
|Superwoman||Lois Lane/Superwoman||Similar to the story of Wonder Woman, Super-Woman was a known Amazon and has all the powers and abilities of the Amazons. Though, her golden lasso could change shape into any form she desired, including a giant winged serpent. But this Amazon was a renegade who left Paradise Island on her own accord after finding out about the outside world. It was also known that the Amazons never tried to recall her back from the outside world despite all the intervening years Super-Woman was active.
In the antimatter universe, taking the alias Lois Lane, Superwoman is an Amazon by birth as she was born on Damnation Island, and has risen through the ranks to become the chief editor of the Daily Planet in what she calls "Patriarch's World". It is mentioned that she had murdered all of her fellow Amazons. A compliant sexual deviant, he does what she tells him in exchange for the favour of watching when she changes her outfit and receiving pieces of it for his "disguise kit". Superwoman has also joined the Crime Syndicate. She is married with teammate Clark Kent/Ultraman, who hates Superwoman's frigidity towards him, while carrying on a torrid affair with Owlman, and they sneak trysts whenever they feel Ultraman is not watching. Her magic lasso is able to release the inhibitions of anyone tied with it and she also possesses heat vision.
In the New 52, Superwoman/Lois Lane along with the remaining Syndicate members arrive on Prime Earth to conquer it. Her true past and identity are still a total mystery. She carries the lasso of submission, which compels the tied individual to obey and love the wielder. She is pregnant and engaging in a secret affair with Owlman, while being married to Ultraman. It was finally revealed that Superwoman is in a relationship with the crazed Alexander Luthor. She betrays Ultraman and the Syndicate, revealing she and Luthor are carrying a child who is prophesied to bring an end to the world. After being defeated by the Justice League, she is placed in captivity. Immune to Wonder Woman's lasso of truth she does not reveal any information.
|Johnny Quick||Jonathan Allen/Johnny Quick||Most of Johnny Quick's history is unrevealed. What is known is that the person who would assume the identity of Johnny Quick is that he was born with an enhanced speed and later found a helmet that allowed him to focus his considerable speed into far greater levels. With the extra speed granted by the use of the helmet and adopting the name of "Johnny Quick" he began his lifelong career of criminal conquest. It would be during his attacks that he joined in the loose partnership with the other four super-powered beings on Earth-Three and founded the organization known as the Crime Syndicate of America. His real name is unknown.
In the antimatter universe, Johnny receives his powers by injecting himself with a drug called "Speed Juice". Johnny had a predecessor, whom he killed and whose blood was used to create the drug. He is hopelessly addicted to it and goes into massive physical withdrawal without it. As part of the Tribute the world's leaders present the Crime Syndicate with on a regular basis, they supply Quick with fresh supplies of his drug, sometimes altered to be more euphoric. His real name is unknown. This Johnny Quick is considered to be Wally West's counterpart rather than Barry Allen's.
In The New 52, Johnny Quick is one of the members of the Crime Syndicate to arrive on Prime Earth in order to conquer it. He was a high-profile criminal, on the run with his equally criminal girlfriend, Rhonda Pineda. "Johnny and Rhonnie", as they were known, ended up cornered on the roof of S.T.A.R. Labs during a storm. Lightning hit a satellite, electrocuting Johnny, causing him to gain his powers. After that he and his now also empowered girlfriend, joined the Syndicate and became a supervillain. Once on Prime Earth, when Lex Luthor's team infiltrates the fallen Watchtower, Johnny Quick joins in the fight against them where Captain Cold uses his freeze gun to freeze Johnny Quick's leg and break it off. Then when Alexander Luthor from Earth-3 is freed, he kills Johnny Quick and steals his powers.
|Power Ring||Joseph Harrolds/Power Ring||Harold Jordan/Power Ring||He was actively seeking out mystical power for some reason and found it when a mad monk gave him a lamp and a matching ring of unlimited power. Accepting the lamp and ring this man would begin his career as Power Ring. Over the years of his many criminal exploits, he joined in the loose partnership with the other four super-powered beings on Earth-Three and founded the organization known as the Crime Syndicate of America. His real name is unknown.
In the antimatter universe, Joseph Harrolds, after a period of conquerance and domination as a member of the Crime Syndicate of Amerika, was able to trick an unnamed, weak-willed and cowardly slave marine (Kyle Rayner's counterpart), into accepting the ring and the power lamp that contains the mad god Volthoom so he could escape the insane god constantly trying to overwhelm his mind. This unnamed individual became the second Power Ring and joined the Syndicate too. When the antimatter universe was reconstructed, certain elements of the antimatter universe's history had been changed, and the second Power Ring's physical appearance was changed from a Caucasian blonde man to an African-American bald man (John Stewart's counterpart). However his origin and anonymity remained the same. In his later appearances, Power Ring once again resembles his original version (Hal Jordan's counterpart).
In The New 52, Power Ring is one of the members of the Crime Syndicate to arrive on Prime Earth in order to conquer it. Harold works as a janitor at Ferris Air, where he spies on Carol Ferris' operations to sell them out. Abin Sur's ring of Volthoom chooses Harold. Abin begs Harold to take the ring, which he does, freeing Abin Sur. Harold quickly realizes his mistake, as the ring opens a pocket dimensional portal to charge itself, unleashing a creature that attacks Harold. Wielding the ring causes Harold Jordan great pain and the cursed weapon often acts on its own accord. Once on Prime Earth, Power Ring battles Sinestro, but Sinestro cuts off his right arm, releasing him from the ring's control. Power Ring thanks Sinestro for freeing him from his curse. Sinestro welcomes his thanks and incinerates him. The ownerless ring then flies off to find a new host.
|unnamed||mentioned only||unnamed||A monstrous version of J'onn J'onzz was showcased as a member of Crime Society.
In the antimatter universe, a White Martian was member of the Syndicate and was Ultraman's chief rival until he killed him.
In The New 52, Martian Manhunter's counterpart is left on Earth-3 during its destruction. The Crime Syndicate had left him behind so that his wounds wouldn't slow them down. He eventually dies there.
|Alexander Luthor, Sr.||Lex Luthor||Alexander Luthor/Mazahs||Alexander and his wife were able only to save their son, Alexander, Jr. ("Alex") from the complete destruction of their reality, by placing him in a capsule which would take him to Earth-One. Alexander Luthor, along with everyone else native to his universe, died in the Anti-Monitor's attack. The existence of the Earth-Three reality was ultimately erased from all history. Alexander Luthor, Jr. survived not only the demise of his native reality, but also the collapse of the Multiverse. He alone maintained memories of Alexander Luthor, Sr. and his world.
In the antimatter universe, Lex is he only known hero. Most of Luthor’s history has not been revealed. It was revealed the Luthor was only allowed to live because Ultraman likes the challenge of hunting Luthor down when the hero makes one of his inevitable escapes from custody. During one such break-out Luthor jumped dimensions, landing on New Earth.
In The New 52, Alexander Luthor is revealed as Mazahs, the Earth-3 version of Shazam. The Crime Syndicate have brought Alexander, their prisoner, with them to the Prime Earth. Lex Luthor and his team sneak in to the Justice League Watchtower where the Syndicate has Alexander hostage, and remove the duct tape holding his mouth closed. As soon as this is done, Alexander speaks the word, 'Mazahs', transforming himself into the muscular, highly powerful being, and killing the Syndicate's speedster Johnny Quick. It is also revealed that Superwoman is in a relationship with Alexander and is responsible for tricking her teammates into bringing him with them. She also reveals she is carrying his child, who is prophesied to bring an end to the world. Exploiting his ability to use the powers of those he has killed, Mazahs easily takes down both the Syndicate and Luthor's team, but the original Lex Luthor (having the same voice as Mazahs) manages to call down the lightning and transform Mazahs into his human form. Sealing Alexander's mouth, Lex stabs him with a knife, killing him.
|Lois Lane-Luthor||see Superwoman*||In the parallel reality known as Earth-Three, Lois Lane married Earth's greatest champion, Alexander Luthor. Shortly before the event known as the Crisis on Infinite Earths, the Luthors gave birth to a baby boy, Alex, Jr. When the Anti-Monitor, released a wave of Antimatter energy that swept across the Multiverse, Lois and Alex placed their son inside of a specially designed module and launched him away from the beleaguered planet. Alex, Sr. and Lois Lane died in each other's arms as the Antimatter swept across their world.||Lois Lane|
|Jur-Li/The Crime-Lord||N/A||Jor-Il||He was trapped in the Phantom Zone for his crimes. One day he was able to flee from the Zone, reaching Earth-One's Kandor, on the exact day that Brainiac shrank and stole Kandor. In diminutive size, he became a crime boss there. Decades later, Jur-Ll battled Kandor's costumed crimefighters Nightwing and Flamebird.
The people of Krypton of Earth 3 had gained great power from the radiation of their world, but through the machinations of Jor-Il, a mysterious being came to their planet and began a process that would lead to the planet's destruction. Thanks to a shooting spree, Jor-Il was able to secure a lifepod for his son, who he regarded as his best chance of revenge.
|Alexander "Alex" Luthor, Jr.||N/A||unnamed||The son of Luthor, Sr. and his wife, Lois Lane-Luthor. Alex was the last survivor of his world, as his parents placed him in an experimental device which carried the infant to the relative safety of Earth-One. His passage through the anti-matter storm grants him power over both matter and anti-matter, dramatically accelerating his aging process. He drastically transforms from a hero into a villain.
In the New 52, Lois Lane (Superwoman) is pregnant with Alexander, Sr.'s child. The child is prophesied to bring an end to the world.
|The Jokester||N/A||The Joker||Bullied and abused for much of his life, Jackie found happiness with the beautiful, loving Evelyn Dent, only to lose her when her split personalities developed. He became a struggling comedian at the Last Laugh comedy club, but then witnessed the club's owner being murdered by the vicious Owlman. Sick of being bullied, Jackie redesigned his act, focusing all his jokes on Owlman. Aided by manager Harley Quinn, he became a kind of hero to the frustrated Gotham populace for boldly ridiculing every aspect of the thuggish villain. Owlman's retribution, however, was deadly. Harley was murdered and Jackie's mouth was sliced open, leaving him with an unusually wide grin. Whatever sanity he'd possessed vanished in that moment as he became the Jokester, dedicating his life to ruining and humiliating Owlman and his sidekick Talon. It is revealed that Duela Dent, who has escaped to New Earth, is his daughter.
In The New 52, after killing Talon, the Joker is killed by Owlman. He blamed Owlman for his unstable state.
|Evelyn Dent\Three-Face||N/A||N/A||Evelyn was a native of Earth-3 until her death at the hands of Superwoman. Evelyn had three personalities and no scars but had a cybernetic arm. She was involved with both the Riddler and Jokester. She had a daughter Duela Dent for the latter. The four of them formed the Riddler Family and opposed the criminal activities of Owlman and Talon in Gotham City. Riddler was later killed by Ultraman and Jokester thought that Three Face was killed by Superwoman but some time later, she was shown using some kind of cybernetic implants.||Two-Face|
|Quizmaster||Riddler||N/A||Riddler is married to Three-Face (Evelyn Dent) and is the stepfather to the Jokester's daughter, Duela Dent. He was killed by Ultraman.
In the antimatter universe, Edward Nashton was fascinated by puzzles and games from an early age. He was academically active - at one point considered one of the smartest men on his Earth - and naturally inclined to altruism. He married and had children. He also operated as a crimefighter under the moniker "the Quizmaster", eventually becoming a founding member of the Justice Underground. He was a thorn in the side of Owlman and the Crime Syndicate of Amerika for many years. He later has the right half of his face burned by Ultraman, leading him to don a half-face and temporarily take on the name "Enigma".
|Talon||N/A||Richard "Dick" Grayson/Talon||Talon had been an apprentice to Owlman. He was in a relationship with the Jokester's daughter, Duela Dent, which led to him leaving Owlman's service for a time. Unfortunately, the truth caused Jokester to disown Duela. Somehow, Duela and Talon ended up on New Earth, where both spent time as temporary members of the Teen Titans. It is unknown what has happened to Talon beyond that. His real name is unknown.
In The New 52, Talon is the Dick Grayson of Earth-3. His parents were acrobats and money launderers, who ran a corrupt circus. Dick also had a sister, Rachel. After his family was murdered, Owlman took Dick under his wing and he eventually became his sidekick. Their relationship fell apart when Dick learned that Thomas Wayne, Jr. was responsible for the Graysons' deaths. Dick is later killed by the Joker.
|Duela Dent/Joker's Daughter||N/A||N/A||Even though the character was created in 1976, her origin story and true parentage, were revealed in Countdown Presents The Search for Ray Palmer: Crime Society (2007). Before that she claimed to be the daughter of various villains, such as The Joker, Catwoman, Scarecrow, The Penguin, Doomsday, Dr. Light and Punch and Jewelee.
In Countdown it is revealed that she originates from Earth-3 and she is the daughter of The Jokester and Evelyn Dent. She was raised by her mother and her stepfather, the Riddler, and together the three formed the Riddler Family. When she was finally introduced to her birth father, she dropped cryptic hints implying that she or her consciousness shifts unknowingly from Earth to Earth, which is the source of her parental confusion. When the Jokester joined the Riddler Family, Duela revealed that she had been in a relationship with Talon, Owlman's teenaged sidekick. The Jokester renounced her as his daughter and Duela left with Talon moments before the Crime Society stormed their apartment.
|Harleen Quinzel||N/A||N/A||Harleen Quinzel was the Jokester's manager during his success as an acclaimed comedian in Gotham City. Harleen was later viciously murdered in front of the Jokester by Owlman.||Harley Quinn|
|Annataz Arataz||N/A||N/A||Developed an extremely powerful set of magicks that was able to bind and control the powerful energies of the 5th dimension imp Mister Mxyzptlk indicating that her magical power levels are either directly equal to, or at least comparable to Mxyzptlk. Annataz was able to keep him from accessing his own powers. She apparently committed suicide to atone for her many criminal acts.||Zatanna|
|Ultragirl||N/A||N/A||Ultragirl was a member of the Crime Society and joined the Monarch's Army.||Supergirl|
|White Cat||N/A||N/A||She is a member of the Crime Society.||Black Canary|
|unnamed||N/A||N/A||He is a member of the Crime Society specializing in archery.||Green Arrow|
|N/A||Metal Marauders||N/A||They are listed amongst the opponents of the Crime Syndicate of Amerika.||Metal Men|
|N/A||N/A||Alfred Pennyworth/The Outsider||Alfred also known as the Outsider is the butler to Owlman. He helped Thomas kill his parents, ultimately firing the shots that killed them, and he continued to serve the boy as he grew into the crime lord known as Owlman. He served loyally and well for several years as Owlman helped run Gotham City. At some point, Pennyworth was dosed with Joker Venom by the Joker, turning his skin grey-white and making him laugh at inopportune moments. He is transported on Prime Earth along with Atomica, preparing the world for the arrival of his master and the rst of the Syndicate. He is killed by Black Manta, when the Injustice League broke into the Watchtower.||Alfred Pennyworth|
|N/A||N/A||Rhonda Pineda/Atomica||Introduced in The New 52 version of the Crime Syndicate. She is in a relationship with Johnny Quick. One night after killing two cops, "Johnny and Rhonnie", as they are known, end up cornered on the roof of S.T.A.R. Labs during a storm. Lightning hits a satellite, electrocuting Johnny, causing him to gain his powers, while Rhonda falls into the labs and lands near Ray Palmer's Atomico work, gaining her powers. During the final battle with the Crime Syndicate, a shrinked Atomica is killed by Lex Luthor who steps on her.||Atom|
|N/A||N/A||Martin Stein/Deathstorm||Introduced in The New 52 version of the Crime Syndicate. Professor Martin Stein would experiment on humans to unlock the secret of life through death. He was recruited by one of the Crime Syndicate's enemy's to determine what the Syndicate's individual weaknesses were. However, he used the new lab he was in to continue his human experimentation, eventually experimenting on himself, fusing with a corpse, becoming Deathstorm. He was killed by Alexander Luthor, after he stole his powers.||Firestorm|
|N/A||N/A||Sea King||Introduced in The New 52 version of the Crime Syndicate. He died shortly after exiting the gateway from Earth-3 to Prime Earth. The design of Sea King resembles that of Aquaman in the 1990s. However, when his body is placed at the bottom of the ocean, it is revealed that during the Crime Syndicate's initial attack, Deadman entered the lifeless Sea King's body for protection. His real name is unknown.||Aquaman|
- Fox, Gardner (w), Sekowsky, Mike (p), Sachs, Bernard (i), Saladino, Gaspar (let), Schwartz, Julius (ed). "Crisis on Earth-Three" Justice League of America 29 (August 1964), National Periodical Publications
- Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Giordano, Dick (i), Tollin, Tony (col), Costanza, John (let), Wolfman, Marv (ed). "The Summoning" Crisis on Infinite Earths 1 (April 1985), DC Comics
- 52 Week 52 (2007)
- Comic Book Resources - CBR News: CCI: DC New World Order
- Brady, Matt (May 8, 2007). "The 52 Exit Interviews: Grant Morrison". Newsarama. Retrieved May 12, 2007.
- Johns, Geoff (w), Reis, Ivan (p), Prado, Joe, Oclair Albert, Eber Ferreira (i), Reis, Rod (col), Napolitano, Nick J. (let). "Trinity War Chapter Six: Conclusion" Justice League v2, 23 (October 2013), DC Comics
- Fawkes, Ray (w), Portela, Francis (a), Hi-Fi (col), Esposito, Taylor (let). "End of the Curse Part 1: The New World" Trinity of Sin: Pandora 4 (December 2013), DC Comics
- Johns, Geoff (w), Finch, David (p), Friend, Richard (i), Oback, Sonia (col), Leigh, Rob (let). "Forever Evil Chapter Six: The Power of Mazahs!" Forever Evil 6 (May 2014), DC Comics
- Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths (2010) on IMDB.com
- Johns, Geoff (w), Finch, David (p), Friend, Richard (i), Oback, Sonia (col), Leigh, Rob (let). "Forever Evil Chapter Five: Hit and Run" Forever Evil 5 (March 2014), DC Comics
- Johns, Geoff, Sterling Gates (w), Kudranski, Szymon (a), Kalisz, John (col), Esposito, Taylor (let). "The Wild Card" Justice League v2, 23.4 (November 2013), DC Comics