Earth Observing System

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The Earth Observing System (EOS) is a program of NASA comprising a series of artificial satellite missions and scientific instruments in Earth orbit designed for long-term global observations of the land surface, biosphere, atmosphere, and oceans of the Earth. The satellite component of the program was launched in 1997. The program is centerpiece of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise (ESE).

Mission list with launch dates[edit]

NASA Earth observatories, as of October 2005.
This animation shows the orbits of NASA's 2011 fleet of Earth remote sensing observatories.
Satellite Launch Date Launch Site Agency
SeaWiFS 1 August 1997
TRMM 27 November 1997 Tanegashima NASA / JAXA
Landsat 7 15 April 1999 Vandenberg NASA
QuikSCAT 19 June 1999 Vandenberg NASA / JPL
Terra (EOS-AM) 18 December 1999 Vandenberg multiple
ACRIMSAT 20 December 1999 Vandenberg NASA / JPL
NMP/EO-1 21 November 2000 NASA / GSFC
Jason 1 7 December 2001 NASA / CNES
Meteor 3M-1/Sage III  10 December 2001 Baikonur
GRACE 17 March 2002 Plesetsk Cosmodrome NASA / DLR
Aqua 4 May 2002 Vandenberg multiple
ADEOS II (Midori II) 12 December 2002 Tanegashima
ICESat 12 January 2003 Vandenberg NASA
SORCE 25 January 2003 Cape Canaveral NASA
Aura 16 July 2004 Vandenberg multiple
CloudSat 28 April 2006 Vandenberg NASA
CALIPSO
Hydros June 2006
NPOESS TBD NASA / NOAA
OCO-2 2 July 2014 Vandenberg NASA
Aquarius 10 June 2011 Vandenberg NASA / CONAE
NMP/EO-3
Landsat 8 11 February 2013 Vandenberg NASA / USGS

See also[edit]

External links[edit]