|The Earth Party Movement – Earth Party|
|President||John Rosas Baker|
|Honorary President||Gonçalo Ribeiro Telles|
|Founded||12 August 1993|
|International affiliation||World Ecological Parties|
|European Parliament group||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|Assembly of the Republic|
|Politics of Portugal
|Part of a series on|
The Earth Party (Portuguese: Partido da Terra, pronounced: [pɐɾˈtiðu ðɐ ˈtɛʁɐ]), previously called The Earth Party Movement, Movimento o Partido da Terra, abbreviated MPT (hence called MPT – Partido da Terra), is a Portuguese green party, founded on 12 August 1993.
Between 2005 and 2009, the party had two Deputies in the Assembly of the Republic: Pedro Quartin Graça and Luís Carloto Marques, elected on the lists of the Social Democratic Party, following an agreement with its then leader, Pedro Santana Lopes.
2009 Legislative elections
For the 2009 Portuguese legislative election, MPT formed a coalition with the Humanist Party on mainland Portugal that received 0.22% of the votes. Including MPT's votes in Azores and Madeira, where they ran a list on their own, they reached 0.28% nationwide. However, the 2009 local elections were a success in terms of number of people elected, as MPT won 2 councillor, 17 municipal assembly members and 47 parish councillor posts.
2009 European Parliament elections
In April 2009, the party announced in a joint press conference with the leader of the pan-European alliance Libertas.eu Declan Ganley that it would run for the 2009 European Parliament election with an open electoral list under the banner of Libertas. While not against European integration, MPT demands more accountability and transparency from the European Union, and the pursuit of a referendum on the Lisbon Treaty in Portugal. In the elections, MPT received 24,062 votes (0.67% of the votes).
In the 2011 Portuguese legislative election, MPT stood under its own open lists throughout Portugal and achieved 0.41% of the national vote, catapulting it from 14th to 8th place overall in comparison to the 2009 Portuguese legislative election. This was largely due to its more professional campaigning – it employed a campaign manager for the first time – and the inclusion in its lists of a number of popular celebrities.
In the Madeira regional elections, 2011 the Party elected one Legislative Assembly member despite a fall in its number of votes of 0.3%.
2014 European Parliament elections
MPT achieved its first major electoral success independent of any coalition, in the 2014 European Parliament election, winning 7.14% of the vote and electing two MEPs: the former Chairman of the Portuguese Bar Association António Marinho e Pinto and the lawyer José Inácio Faria.
- "Libertas and MPT announce European election partnership", 27 April 2009, http://www.libertas.eu/
- "Europeias: MPT quer referendo em Portugal e é contra Tratado de Lisboa", 27 April 2009, Correido Minho