List of earthquakes in Iran

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Earthquakes in Iran from 1990-2006, by United States Geological Survey

Iran is one of the most seismically active countries in the world, being crossed by several major fault lines[1] that cover at least 90% of the country.[2] As a result, earthquakes in Iran occur often and are destructive.

Geology and history[edit]

The Iranian plateau is subject to most types of tectonic activity, including active folding, faulting and volcanic eruptions. It is well known for its long history of disastrous earthquake activity. Not only have these earthquakes killed thousands, but they have also led to waste of valuable natural resources.[3] Since 1900, at least 126,000 fatalities have resulted from earthquakes in Iran.[3]

21st century[edit]

Date Time Epicenter Magnitude Fatalities Coordinates Name
Apr 16, 2013 10:44:13 Saravan, Iran 7.8 35 28°04′N 62°05′E / 28.06°N 62.08°E / 28.06; 62.08 2013 Sistan and Baluchestan earthquake
Apr 9, 2013 16:22:50 Bushehr 6.3 30 (early estimate) 28°30′N 51°35′E / 28.50°N 51.59°E / 28.50; 51.59 2013 Bushehr earthquake
Aug 11, 2012 12:23:18 Tabriz 6.4 and 6.3 306 38°19′26″N 46°45′32″E / 38.324°N 46.759°E / 38.324; 46.759 2012 Tabriz earthquakes
Jun 15, 2011 01:05:30 Kahnooj 5.3 2 27°58′34″N 57°34′26″E / 27.976°N 57.574°E / 27.976; 57.574 2011 Kahnooj earthquake
Dec 20, 2010 22:12:01 Hosseinabad 6.5 11 28°29′28″N 59°07′01″E / 28.491°N 59.117°E / 28.491; 59.117 2010 Hosseinabad earthquake
Aug 27, 2010 23:56:34 Damghan 5.9 19 26°44′34.8″N 55°49′40.8″E / 26.743000°N 55.828000°E / 26.743000; 55.828000 2010 Damghan earthquake
Sep 10, 2008 11:00:34 Qeshm 6.1 7 26°44′34.8″N 55°49′40.8″E / 26.743000°N 55.828000°E / 26.743000; 55.828000 2008 Bandar Abbas earthquake
March 31, 2006 01:17:01 Borujerd 6.1[4] 70[4] 33°34′51.6″N 48°47′38.4″E / 33.581000°N 48.794000°E / 33.581000; 48.794000 2006 Borujerd earthquake
November 27, 2005 10:22:19 Qeshm 6.0[5] 13[5] 26°47′2.4″N 55°50′49.2″E / 26.784000°N 55.847000°E / 26.784000; 55.847000 2005 Qeshm earthquake
February 22, 2005 02:25:22 Zarand 6.4[6] At least 602[7] 30°44′27.6″N 56°52′37.2″E / 30.741000°N 56.877000°E / 30.741000; 56.877000 2005 Zarand earthquake
May 28, 2004 12:38:46 Māzandarān 6.3[8] At least 35[8] 36°16′12″N 51°34′30″E / 36.27000°N 51.57500°E / 36.27000; 51.57500 2004 Māzandarān earthquake
December 26, 2003 01:56:52 Bam 6.6[9] At least 50,000[9] 29°0′14.4″N 58°20′13.2″E / 29.004000°N 58.337000°E / 29.004000; 58.337000 2003 Bam earthquake
June 22, 2002 02:58:21 Qazvin 6.5[10] 262[2] 35°40′8.4″N 48°55′58.8″E / 35.669000°N 48.933000°E / 35.669000; 48.933000 2002 Bou'in-Zahra earthquake
The Carevanserai Hafezi, built in the 18th century, was destroyed by the 2006 Borujerd earthquake

20th century[edit]

Date Time Epicenter Magnitude Fatalities Coordinates Name
March 14, 1998 19:40:02 Golbaf 6.6[11] 5[11] 30°9′N 57°36′E / 30.150°N 57.600°E / 30.150; 57.600 1998 Golbaf earthquake
May 10, 1997 07:57:29 Birjand-Qaen 7.3 1,567[12] 33°49′12″N 59°48′0″E / 33.82000°N 59.80000°E / 33.82000; 59.80000 1997 Qayen earthquake
February 28, 1997 Ardabil 6.0[13] 1,100 38°15′N 48°17′E / 38.250°N 48.283°E / 38.250; 48.283 1997 Ardabil earthquake
June 20, 1990 Manjil(-Rudbar) 7.4[14] At least 35,000[14] 37°0′N 49°24′E / 37.000°N 49.400°E / 37.000; 49.400 1990 Manjil-Rudbar earthquake
July 28, 1981 Southern Iran 7.3[15] 1,500[15] 30°0′N 57°48′E / 30.000°N 57.800°E / 30.000; 57.800 July 1981 southern Iran earthquake
June 11, 1981 Southern Iran 6.9[15] 3,000[15] 29°54′N 57°42′E / 29.900°N 57.700°E / 29.900; 57.700 June 1981 southern Iran earthquake
September 16, 1978 Tabas 7.8[15] 15,000[15] 33°12′N 57°24′E / 33.200°N 57.400°E / 33.200; 57.400 1978 Tabas earthquake
April 10, 1972 Qir 7.1[15] 5,054[15] 28°24′N 52°48′E / 28.400°N 52.800°E / 28.400; 52.800 1972 southern Iran earthquake
August 31, 1968 Dasht-e-Bayaz-Ferdows 7.3[16] 7,000-12,000[16] 33°54′0″N 59°1′12″E / 33.90000°N 59.02000°E / 33.90000; 59.02000 1968 Dasht-e Bayaz and Ferdows earthquake
February 10, 1965 16:09 Bostanabad-e Bala 5.1 20 1965 Bostanabad-e Bala earthquake
September 1, 1962 Bou'in-Zahra 7.1[16] 20,000[16] 35°36′N 49°54′E / 35.600°N 49.900°E / 35.600; 49.900 1962 Bou'in-Zahra earthquake
Auqust 16, 1958 Nahavand 6.7[16] 200[16] 34°4′N 47°9′E / 34.067°N 47.150°E / 34.067; 47.150 1958 Nahavand earthquake
December 13, 1957 Sahneh 7.1[16] 1,130[16] 34°21′0″N 47°40′12″E / 34.35000°N 47.67000°E / 34.35000; 47.67000 1957 Sahneh earthquake
July 2, 1957 Māzandarān 7.1[16] 1,200[16] 36°8′24″N 52°42′0″E / 36.14000°N 52.70000°E / 36.14000; 52.70000 1957 Māzandarān earthquake
February 12, 1953 Torud 6.5 970 1953 Torud earthquake
August 5, 1947 Pasni 7.3 500 1947 Pasni earthquake
May 6, 1930 Salmas 7.2[15] 2,500- 4,000[15] 38°9′N 44°42′E / 38.150°N 44.700°E / 38.150; 44.700 1930 Salmas earthquake
May 1, 1929 Koppeh Dagh 7.4[15] 3,800[15] 37°51′N 57°45′E / 37.850°N 57.750°E / 37.850; 57.750 1929 Koppeh Dagh earthquake
May 25, 1923 Torbat-e Heydariyeh 5.7[15] 2,200[15] 33°24′N 59°6′E / 33.400°N 59.100°E / 33.400; 59.100 1923 Torbat-e Heydariyeh earthquake
January 23, 1909 Silakhor of Borujerd 7.3[16] 6,000[16] 33°24′N 49°6′E / 33.400°N 49.100°E / 33.400; 49.100 1909 Borujerd earthquake

Other[edit]

Date Time Epicenter Magnitude Fatalities Coordinates Name
January 17, 1895 11:30 Quchan 6.8 1,000 37°06′N 58°24′E / 37.1°N 58.4°E / 37.1; 58.4 1895 Quchan earthquake
November 17, 1893 15:06 Quchan 6.6 18,000 37°12′N 58°24′E / 37.2°N 58.4°E / 37.2; 58.4 1893 Quchan earthquake
June 7, 1755 Kashan Unknown 40,000 33°59′N 51°27′E / 33.983°N 51.450°E / 33.983; 51.450 1755 Kashan earthquake
November 18, 1727 Tabriz Unknown 77,000 38°5′N 46°17′E / 38.083°N 46.283°E / 38.083; 46.283 1727 Tabriz earthquake
August 21, 1042 Tabriz 7.6 40,000 38°0′N 46°2′E / 38.000°N 46.033°E / 38.000; 46.033 1042 Tabriz earthquake
March 23, 893 Ardabil Unknown 150,000 38°15′N 48°17′E / 38.250°N 48.283°E / 38.250; 48.283 893 Ardabil earthquake
December 22, 856 Damghan 7.9 200,000 36°10′N 54°21′E / 36.167°N 54.350°E / 36.167; 54.350 856 Damghan earthquake

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Help too late, say quake survivors". CNN. June 24, 2002. Retrieved December 30, 2008. 
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary Earthquake Reconnaissance Report on the June 22, 2002 Changureh (Avaj), Iran Earthquake". International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology. 2002-07-19. Retrieved December 30, 2008. 
  3. ^ a b Manuel Berberian. "100 years; 126,000 deaths". The Iranian. 
  4. ^ a b "Magnitude 6.1 - Western Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Magnitude 6.0 - Southern Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Earthquake Summary Poster". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Magnitude 6.4 - Central Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Magnitude 6.3 - Northern Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "Magnitude 6.6 - Southeastern Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Magnitude 6.5 - Western Iran". United States Geological Survey. November 13, 2003. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "Today In Earthquake History - March 14". United States Geological Survey. February 18, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Earthquake Information for 1990". USGS. April 22, 2004. Retrieved December 30, 2008. 
  13. ^ "Significant Earthquakes of the World: 1997". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  14. ^ a b "Earthquake Information for 1990". United States Geological Survey. December 21, 2004. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Historic Worldwide Earthquakes". United States Geological Survey. January 29, 2009. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Earthquakes with 1,000 or More Deaths since 1900". United States Geological Survey. January 29, 2009. Retrieved March 18, 2009. 

External links[edit]