List of earthquakes in Peru

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Safe zone in case of an earthquake.

Earthquakes in Peru are common occurrences as the country is located in a seismic zone. The interface between the Nazca and South American tectonic plates is located near the Peruvian coast. The South American Plate is moving over the Nazca Plate at a rate of 77 mm (3.0 in) per year.[1] Thus, earthquakes occur as thrust faulting on the interface between the two plates, with the South American Plate moving towards the sea over the Nazca Plate. The same process has caused the rise of the Andes mountain range and the creation of the Peru-Chile Trench as well as volcanism in the Peruvian highlands.

Notable earthquakes in Peruvian history include the following:

Date Epicentre M Notes Fatalities
1586000000001586 n/a n/a n/a
1604000000001604 n/a n/a n/a
16190214000014 February 1619 7°24′S 80°32′W / 7.4°S 80.54°W / -7.4; -80.54
La Libertad Region, Lambayeque Region, Piura Region
8.6 7,364
1687000000001687 15°12′S 75°54′W / 15.2°S 75.9°W / -15.2; -75.9
Seabed off Ica Region
8.7 See 1687 Peru earthquake 5,000
1725010600006 January 1725 8°06′S 79°29′W / 8.10°S 79.49°W / -8.10; -79.49
La Libertad Region
7.6 5,000
17461028000028 October 1746 11°21′S 77°17′W / 11.35°S 77.28°W / -11.35; -77.28
Lima Region, Callao Region
8.7 See 1746 Lima-Callao earthquake ca. 6,000
1865000000001865 n/a n/a n/a
20050925000013 August 1868 18°30′S 70.35°0′W / 18.500°S 70.350°W / -18.500; -70.350
Tacna Region, Arica
9.0 See 1868 Arica earthquake 25,000
1914120200004 November 1913 13°32′S 73°54′W / 13.54°S 73.9°W / -13.54; -73.9
Apurímac Region
6.5 253
1914120200002 December 1914 15°14′S 73°21′W / 15.23°S 73.35°W / -15.23; -73.35
Ayacucho Region
6.7 400
19170521000021 May 1917 15°20′S 73°16′W / 15.33°S 73.27°W / -15.33; -73.27
Arequipa Region
6.1 32
19280514000014 May 1928 6°48′S 78°31′W / 6.8°S 78.51°W / -6.8; -78.51
Cajamarca Region, Amazonas Region
7.6 See 1928 Chachapoyas earthquake 1,928
19371224000024 December 1937 10°06′S 74°31′W / 10.10°S 74.51°W / -10.10; -74.51
Pasco Region
6.8 194
19400524000024 May 1940 11°13′S 77°47′W / 11.22°S 77.79°W / -11.22; -77.79
Lima Region, Callao Region
7.3 562
19420824000024 August 1942 15°12′S 75°18′W / 15.20°S 75.3°W / -15.20; -75.3
Ica Region
7.5 See 1942 Peru earthquake 40
19430130000030 January 1943 14°42′S 71°22′W / 14.7°S 71.36°W / -14.7; -71.36
Cuzco Region
6.5 252
19461110174210 November 1946 8°12′S 77°30′W / 8.20°S 77.50°W / -8.20; -77.50
Ancash Region
7.3 2,400
1947110100001 November 1947 11°08′S 74°06′W / 11.13°S 74.10°W / -11.13; -74.10
Junin Region
7.6 1,242
19500521000021 May 1950 13°20′S 71°25′W / 13.33°S 71.41°W / -13.33; -71.41
Cuzco Region
7.0 1,625
19531212000012 December 1953 3°24′S 80°36′W / 3.40°S 80.60°W / -3.40; -80.60
Tumbes Region
7.5 See 1953 Tumbes earthquake
19580115000015 January 1958 16°30′S 72°00′W / 16.50°S 72.00°W / -16.50; -72.00
Arequipa Region
7.0 69
19600113000013 January 1960 16°08′S 72°08′W / 16.14°S 72.14°W / -16.14; -72.14
Arequipa Region
6.2 100
19601120000020 November 1960 6°42′S 80°37′W / 6.70°S 80.62°W / -6.70; -80.62
Northern Peru
7.8 See November 1960 Peru earthquake
19961017000017 October 1966 10°43′S 78°42′W / 10.72°S 78.70°W / -10.72; -78.70
Lima Region
6.4 See 1966 Peru earthquake ca. 100
1969100100001 October 1969 11°27′S 77°42′W / 11.45°S 77.7°W / -11.45; -77.7
Junin Region
6.9 635
19701209000014 February 1970 9°25′S 75°28′W / 9.42°S 75.46°W / -9.42; -75.46
Huanuco Region
6.1 14
19700531000031 May 1970 9°12′S 78°48′W / 9.2°S 78.8°W / -9.2; -78.8
35 km (22 mi) west of Chimbote
7.9 See 1970 Ancash earthquake 100,000
1970120900009 December 1970 4°08′S 80°26′W / 4.13°S 80.44°W / -4.13; -80.44
Piura Region, Tumbes Region
7.5 Massive damage and hundreds of victims in Sullana, Piura and Tumbes. Licuefaction and landslides occurred in Peru-Ecuador border region. Strong tremors shaking Chiclayo and Guayaquil and Cuenca in Ecuador.
See 1970 Peru-Ecuador earthquake
479
19720320000020 March 1972 7°09′S 76°24′W / 7.15°S 76.40°W / -7.15; -76.40
San Martin Region
6.5 In amazonic city of Juanjui 25 people were killed, and massive licuefaction was reported. Landslides in Saposoa, Tarapoto and near Moyobamba. Massive damage in the Huallaga Central valley and in Tocache, Chachapoyas and Tingo Maria cities. 100
1974100300003 October 1974 12°30′S 77°59′W / 12.50°S 77.98°W / -12.50; -77.98
Lima Region
7.2 In Lima and El Callao, 179 people were killed, 1,000 people injured and more of 4,000 buildings damaged or destroyed. Other 35 victims in Cañete, Yauyos, Pisco city, Ica city and Chincha Alta, at least 04 fatalities in Huancayo area.
See1974 Lima earthquake
337
19790216000016 Febrero 1979 16°31′S 72°35′W / 16.51°S 72.59°W / -16.51; -72.59
Arequipa Region
6.8 13 people died in Arequipa, 50 died in Pampacolca, Chuquibamba and Aplao. 100
1986040600006 April 1986 13°29′S 71°54′W / 13.48°S 71.90°W / -13.48; -71.90
Cuzco Region
6.1 A least 27 people died and 05 were reported missing in Cuzco, landslides and considerable damage in historical buildings and churches. 40
19900529000029 May 1990 6°10′S 77°13′W / 6.16°S 77.22°W / -6.16; -77.22
San Martin Region, Amazonas Region
6.8 Great damage and victims in Moyobamba, Chachapoyas, Bagua, Tarapoto and other areas. 300
1991040400004 April 1991 5°59′S 77°05′W / 5.98°S 77.09°W / -5.98; -77.09
San Martin Region, Loreto Region
6.5 In Moyobamba 11 people were killed. 100
19930418000018 April 1993 11°45′S 76°37′W / 11.75°S 76.62°W / -11.75; -76.62
Lima Region
6.0 10
19960221000021 February 1996 9°35′35″S 79°35′13″W / 9.593°S 79.587°W / -9.593; -79.587
Northern Peru
7.4 See 1996 Chimbote earthquake 12
19961112000012 November 1996 15°18′S 76°26′W / 15.30°S 76.44°W / -15.30; -76.44
Ica Region, Arequipa Region
6.4 Great damage at Nasca and Palpa. 24
20010623000023 June 2001 16°16′S 73°38′W / 16.26°S 73.64°W / -16.26; -73.64
175 km (110 miles) south-southeast of Puquio
8.4 See 2001 southern Peru earthquake 75
20050925000025 September 2005 5°40′S 76°25′W / 5.67°S 76.41°W / -5.67; -76.41
100 km (60 mi) northeast of Moyobamba
7.5 See 2005 northern Peru earthquake 5
20070815000015 August 2007 13°19′S 76°31′W / 13.32°S 76.51°W / -13.32; -76.51
150 kilometres (93 mi) south-southeast of Lima
8.0 See 2007 Peru earthquake 519
28 October 2011 14°31′S 76°01′W / 14.52°S 76.01°W / -14.52; -76.01
288 kilometres (178 mi) south-southeast of Lima
6.9 TBD; Initial projections=0
25 September 2013 @ 11:42:45 Local 16°06′S 74°54′W / 16.1°S 74.9°W / -16.1; -74.9
33 kilometres (178 mi) south-southeast of Lima
6.8 TBD;

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Alex K. Tang, PE and Jorgen Johansson (ed.). Pisco Peru Earthquake of August 15, 2007. ASCE, Technical Council on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering. ISBN 9780784410615.