Easingwold

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Coordinates: 54°07′11″N 1°11′23″W / 54.1198°N 1.1897°W / 54.1198; -1.1897

Easingwold
Easingwold Town Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1308210.jpg
Easingwold Old Town Hall & Market Cross
Easingwold is located in North Yorkshire
Easingwold
Easingwold
 Easingwold shown within North Yorkshire
Population 4,233 
OS grid reference SE529696
Civil parish Easingwold
District Hambleton
Shire county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO61
Dialling code 01347
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Thirsk and Malton
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Easingwold is a small market town and a civil parish in North Yorkshire, England. It has a population of 4,233. It is located about 12 miles (19 km) north of York, at the foot of the Howardian Hills. It is the focal point for the numerous villages in the area for Public Services and economic activity.

History[edit]

Little Lane
Easingwold's Cenotaph
The old workhouse

The town is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Eisicewalt in the Bulford hundred. At the time of the Norman invavsion, the manor was owned by Earl Morcar, but subsequently passed to the King.[1] In 1265 the manor was passed to Edmund Crouchback by his father, Henry III. The manor was caught up in the dispute between the 2nd Earl of Lancaster and Edward I and the manor passed back to the crown following the Battle of Boroughbridge in 1322 which resulted in the execution of the Earl at Pontefract. The manor was restored to the Earl's brother some six years later, but he left no male heir, so the lands passed to his son-in-law, John of Gaunt in 1361. The lands were next granted to his son-in-law, Ralph Neville. Following the War of the Roses, the lands were declared forfeit to the Crown until 1633, when they were granted to Thomas Belasyse and subsequently became the possession of the Wombwell family.[2]

The town is an amalgamation of two smaller villages, Uppleby and Lessimers. The former being a settlement, or -by of a Dane called Upple, and the latter being an Angle settlement on the lease-mires, meaning leased land frequently waterlogged.[2]

The name of Easingwold is Anglo Saxon in origin, with wold being a derivation of wald meaning forest, and the former part being a Saxon family name, possibly Esa.[3] King John had a hunting lodge there and the royal Forest of Galtres once surrounded the area.

The Market Place was the site of an old Toll Booth. The base of the old market cross can still be seen next to what was the Public Hall. The Public Hall had replaced the old rows of shambles where butchers sold their wares. The market place was also the site of a Bull ring used for baiting.[2] Records show that markets have been held in the town since 1221, but were formalised under letters patent from Charles I.[3]

Under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 a Poor law union was established in Easingwold in 1837. The town had a workhouse built in 1756 on Oulston Road.[2][3] In 1934 the workhouse was converted into a hospital for the mentally handicapped and known as the Claypenny Colony until 1993, when the site was sold and redeveloped as residential accommodation.[4][5]

In 1891 a privately owned branch line was opened from the town to the London-Edinburgh main line at Alne after many failed attempts to have the main line pass through or closer to the town. The line ran a passenger service until 1948 and a freight service until its final closure in 1957. The station was located in what is now Station Court. All that remains is the old Station House following a fire in 1967 that resulted in its demolition.[2][6][7][8]

There are 51 Grade II listed buildings in Easingwold, including five mileposts and the telephone kiosk in Back Lane.[9] The areas of Long Street; the Parish Church and Church Hill; Uppleby and the Market Place are all within the Easingwold Conservation Area.[10]

Governance[edit]

The town is situated within the Thirsk and Malton UK Parliament constituency. The town gives its name to the electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council in which it resides, as it does for the ward of Hambleton District Council.[11]

The town has its own Town Council made of eleven councillors, two of which are returned to the District Council.[12]

Geography[edit]

The town was bypassed by the A19 in November 1994. The town is the focal point for many nearby villages and the nearest larger settlements are York 11.8 miles (19.0 km) to the south; Boroughbridge 8.4 miles (13.5 km) to the west; Thirsk 9.8 miles (15.8 km) to the north-west and Malton 16 miles (26 km) to the east. The highest point in the town is at the towns' edge on the Oulston Road at 200 feet (61 m).[11]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 1881 UK Census, the town had a population of 2,044.[2] According to the 2001 UK Census the population was 4,233, of which 3,428 were over the age of sixteen. Of those 1,843 were in employment.[13]

Parks[edit]

After the closure of the Claypenny Hospital, the land was developed into a housing estate with a 34 acre parkland in between called Millfields Park opened in 1999 and now run by the Woodland Trust. The park is bounded to the west by a hawthorn hedge, to the north by a stock proof fence and by the housing estate around the rest. There are a number of informal footpaths across the site as well as the Sustrans National Cycle Route number 65. Among the tree species planted here are sessile oak, cherry, field maple, ash, birch, rowan, walnut, whitebeam and larch. Some of the shrub species found here are holly, hazel, hawthorn, blackthorn and dogrose.[3][14]

Toward the centre of the town is Memorial Park. The site was formerly occupied by private tenants, a tennis club and a garage. After several years of planning and delay, the park was opened in September 1955.[12]

Economy[edit]

Market Day in Easingwold

There are a number of local retail businesses in the town. The number of public houses has significantly reduced since the 19th century, when there were also a number of local brew houses, the names of which can still be seen on local houses.[3]

Easingwold is served by[15] to nearby villages, towns and the city of York. This includes services run by the local coach business, Stephenson's of Easingwold.[16] The Cabinet Office have their Emergency Planning College at the Hawkhills, Easingwold.[17][18]

Public Services[edit]

There is a Police Station in Church Avenue, but is only open on part-time basis on request.[19] The Fire Station on Stillington Road is not crewed, but is a retained station. Retained stations are manned by crews by firefighters who provide on-call cover from home or their place of work[20] St Monica's Community Hospital is part of the York NHS Foundation and is located in Long Street. It has no Accident & Emergency facilities.[21]

Hambleton District Council has local offices in Church Hill.[22] The town has a Public Library situated in Tanpit Lane, just off the Market Place.[23][24] The Tourist Information Office for the area is located in Chapel Lane.[25]

Education[edit]

In 1781, a Grammar School was founded in the town,[2] which is now the site of Easingwold Community Primary School.[3] A National School was built in 1862 in the town,[2] but now houses the town library.[3]

In 1954 a secondary school, Easingwold School, was built and is now a specialist Language College with a pupil roll of around 1,300 pupils.[3] Its catchment area includes Alne Primary, Crayke CE, Easingwold, Forest of Galtres Anglican/Methodist, Huby CE, Hustwaite CE, Linton on Ouse, Sheriff Hutton, Stillington and Sutton on the Forest CE Primary Schools.[26]

Sports[edit]

Easingwold Town AFC were founded in 1892 and were a founder member of the York League.[27] They won the York FA Senior Cup in the 1971/72 season and have been finalists on two other occasions. The Junior side won the York FA Junior Cup in the 1961/62 season and were finalists on one other occasion.[28]

The Galtres Centre provides a range of avtivities including Badminton, Tennis, Netball and Gymnastics as well as an indoor shooting range operated by the local Rifle & Pistol Club.[29]

Easingwold Cricket Club play at the Memorial Park on Back Lane in the York & District Senior League/[30] To the south of the town is Easingwold Golf Club.[31]

Religion[edit]

St John's Church, Easingwold

There is a church in the town dedicated to St John and All Saints. There has been a church here since Saxon times, though the present building dates from the 15th century.[2][3]

There is a Catholic church in Long Street, dedicated to St John the Evangelist, and erected in 1830. A school was attached to the church in 1871.[2]

There has been a Wesleyan chapel in the town since 1786.[3] The location has changed several times, with the second building being erected in 1815 with a school added in 1860,[2] and finally finding a home in Chapel Street in 1975.[3]

There used to be a Primitive Methodist chapel in the town, built in 1870.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Easingwold in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 684–689. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Local History". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Claypenny Colony". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Workshouse". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Disused railway". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "LNER branch lines". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  8. ^ Hartley, K.E. (1970). The Easingwold Railway, (Revised Redman, R.N.: 1991), Locomotion Papers No. 46. The Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-413-X. 
  9. ^ "Listed BUildingfs". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  10. ^ Hambleton District Council. "Conservation Area". Conservation Area Assessment - Easingwold. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  12. ^ a b "Town Council". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  13. ^ "2001 UK Census". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  14. ^ The Woodland Trust. "Millfields Park". Millfields Wood. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  15. ^ Bus Services
  16. ^ Coach Hire
  17. ^ Emergency Planning College
  18. ^ Civil Defence in the 1980s
  19. ^ North Yorkshire Police. "Police Station". Easingwold Police Station. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  20. ^ North Yorkshire Fire & Rescue Service. "Fire Station". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  21. ^ York Hospitals. "Hospital". Easingwold Community Hospital. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  22. ^ "District Council Offices". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  23. ^ "Local Library". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  24. ^ "Library Services". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  25. ^ "Information". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  26. ^ North Yorkshire County Council. "Secondary Admissions". Easingwold Catchment Area. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  27. ^ "Football". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  28. ^ "Football Honours". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  29. ^ "Galtres Centre". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  30. ^ "Cricket club". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  31. ^ Golf Club