East–West pipeline

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To be distinguished from West–East Gas Pipeline.
East–West pipeline
Location of East–West pipeline
Location of East–West pipeline
Location
Country Turkmenistan
General direction east–west
From Shatlyk compressor station
To Belek-1 compressor station
General information
Type natural gas
Operator Türkmengaz
Contractors Türkmennebitgazgurlushyk
Construction started 2010
Expected 2015
Technical information
Length 766 km (476 mi)
Maximum discharge 30 billion cubic metres per annum (1.1 trillion cubic feet per annum)
Diameter 1,420 mm (56 in)
Number of compressor stations 8

The East–West pipeline is an under construction natural gas pipeline in Turkmenistan. It will carry natural gas from gas fields in eastern Turkmenistan to the coast of Caspian Sea across the southern part of the country.

History[edit]

In 2007–2008, Russia and Turkmenistan negotiated construction of the East–West pipeline to supply the planned Caspian Coastal pipeline, an extension of the Central Asia – Center gas pipeline system. The pipeline was to be built in cooperation with the Russian gas company Gazprom.[1] The main designated contractor was Zarubezhneftegaz, a subsidiary of Gazprom.[2] However, on 27 March 2009 after tensions between Russia and Turkmenistan over gas supplies from Turkmenistan to Russia, Turkmenistan launched an international tender for the pipeline.[2][3] Over 70 companies expressed their interest to participate in the project. In May 2010 it was announced that Turkmenistan will build the pipeline on its own.[1][4] Construction started in 2012.[5]

Route[edit]

The pipeline starts from the Shatlyk compressor station at the eastern branch of the Central Asia – Center gas pipeline in Mary Province and runs to the Belek-1 compressor station at the western branch of the Central Asia – Center gas pipeline in Balkan Province.[6][7] From there, gas could be transported to Russia or, when constructed, through the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline to Azerbaijan and further to Europe.[4] In addition to export, the pipeline will supply the central and Caspian region of Turkmenistan.[6] The pipeline largely follows the route of existing pipelines. It would create a system connecting all the major gas fields of Turkmenistan.[7]

Description[edit]

The pipeline will be mainly supplied from the South Ýolöten – Osman, Dauletabad, Yashlar, and Minara fields. Length of the pipeline is 766 kilometres (476 mi) and it will have a capacity of 30 billion cubic metres (1.1 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas per year, ensured by eight compressor stations.[4][5][6] The pipeline is being built by Türkmennebitgazgurlushyk and is owned and operated by Türkmengaz. Construction to be completed by June 2015.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Turkmenistan's trump card". RosBusinessConsulting. 2010-05-24. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  2. ^ a b Socor, Vladimir (2009-04-21). "Turkmenistan Delays Russian Pipeline Project and Rejects Russian-Led Gas Cartel". Eurasia Daily Monitor 6 (76) (The Jamestown Foundation). Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  3. ^ "East-West Gas Pipeline of Turkmenistan: An Open End Tube". News Central Asia. 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b c "Turkmengaz to Finance East-West Pipeline Link to Caspian". Oil & Gas Eurasia (Eurasia Press, Inc.). Oil and Gas Information Agency. 2010-05-24. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  5. ^ a b "Turkmenistan accelerates East-West gas pipeline construction". Trend News Agency. 20102-04-11. Retrieved 2012-04-11. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Turkmenistan to build new natural gas pipeline". Today's Zaman (Feza Gazetecilik A.Ş.). 2010-05-25. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  7. ^ a b c "Turkmenistan to Start Building East-West Gas Pipeline in June 2010". News Central Asia. 2010-05-21. Retrieved 2010-05-29.