East–West Highway (Malaysia)

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Jkr-ft4.png

Part of Federal Route 4
East-West Highway
(Gerik-Jeli Highway)
Route information
Length: 167 km (104 mi)
Existed: 1970[1] – present
History: Completed in 1982
Major junctions
West end: Gerik, Perak
  76 Federal Route 76
205 Federal Route 205
66 Federal Route 66
4 AH140 Federal Route 4
East end: Jeli, Kelantan
Location
Primary
destinations:
Lake Temenggor
Banding Island
Tanah Merah
Kota Bharu
Pasir Puteh
Highway system

East-West Highway (Malay: Lebuhraya Timur-Barat or Jalan Raya Timur-Barat, (JRTB)) or also known as Gerik-Jeli Highway, Federal Route 4, Asian Highway Route AH140[2] is the 167 kilometres (104 mi) federal highway constructed by the Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) to shorten the journey from Kota Bharu, Kelantan to northwestern towns and cities of Malaysia such as Alor Star, Kedah and Penang. The highway connects Gerik, Perak in the west to Jeli, Kelantan in the east.

Overview[edit]

East-West Highway starting point at Gerik, Perak.

With the opening of the East-West Highway to traffic on 1 July 1982, another milestone in the history of road communication in Peninsular Malaysia was achieved. The construction of the Highway was one of the largest projects undertaken by the JKR and its completion adds to the large mileage of roads in the country providing necessary access to new areas and the infrastructure for development works. The construction of the main Highway was carried out by JKR workers; while the bridges and some of the ancillary works were carried out through contractors.

Before East-West Highway was built, the journey from Alor Star to Kota Bharu may reach over 1,000 kilometres (621 mi), but the highway shortens the distance by about several hundred kilometers. The highway includes Lake Temenggor Bridge which crosses Lake Temenggor, a hydroelectric dam and Pulau Banding, an artificial island.

The East-West Highway is one of the more scenic routes in Peninsular Malaysia, due to its hilly nature. As one enters the Highway, the Titiwangsa Range through which the Highway traverses comes into view in the distant. Traveling along the gentle curves one climbs higher and sees on either side the primary jungle rich with timber. As one proceeds on, the jungle gives way to the huge man-made Lake Temenggor at Banding. Halfway along the Highway the elevation of the road is over 1,100 m above sea level and the weather cool and pleasant. There are even places where road signs are put up to warn motorists of elephants crossing the road.

The completion of the Highway will reduce transport costs and with this the state of Kelantan can expect its tempo of development to be heightened, new towns and industrial areas will be developed. The Highway will provide the access for the extraction of timber from the jungles along the road and help boost tourism among Malaysians as well as foreigners.

History[edit]

The construction of the East-West Highway was mooted by then first Malaysian Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj on 1967. It was built in the 1970 as a defence-related highway during the Communist Insurgency War from 1968 to 1989. The Malaysian Government, then, introduced a new strategy of fighting the Communist Party of Malaya. It was known as Security and Development, or KESBAN, the local acronym (Program Keselamatan dan Pembangunan), and focused on civil military affairs. Under KESBAN, the government made large efforts to develop rural areas with the implementation of massive development programs such as building roads, schools, hospitals, medical clinics, and public utilities like electricity and water supply.

In October 1969, the JKR was instructed to commence work on the Highway with immediate effect. In early 1970, work started, simultaneously from Gerik and Jeli even before any detailed design or investigations were carried out. Existing earth moving machines from the various states were initially deployed until new machines for the project were purchased. It was only in early 1973 that the full complement of machines and staff were available for the project to proceed. In the early stages, there was military presence in every kilometre. The road was built to cut off the Communist terrorist from the safe havens in Thailand.

Two Base Camps were constructed, one at the Gerik end and the other at the Jeli end. The whole construction staff and their families were housed at these camps. A pilot track was constructed to gain access to the forward areas. This was followed by jungle clearing work by the main earthworks teams. As work progressed and travel time between the work site and Base camp increased, forward camps were set up to house the workers.

During construction, the Highway was sabotaged and ambushed by the Communist terrorists during the Communist insurgency from 1970 to 1982. Many of workers were killed and the buldozers was seriously damaged. The East-West Highway was put under strict security control by the Territorial Army Regiment of the Malaysian Army during construction and during the opening of the Highway in 1 July 1982.[1] This military operation during construction of the Highway known as "Ops Pagar" (Operation Barrier). Motorists were allowed to use the Highway at daytime only due to security reasons. The military control of the Highway was lifted after the insurgency war was ended in 1989.

The successful completion of the East-West Highway is the result of the sacrifice of workers who had to carry out their jobs under difficult and trying conditions. The JKR wishes to record its deep appreciation to them and to the Security Forces who have all made some personal sacrifices for the development and prosperity of the country.[3] [4]

Memorials[edit]

Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) East-West Highway Monument[edit]

The East-West Highway Monument in Pulau Banding, Perak.

The Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) East-West Highway Monument was erected in Pulau Banding near the Lake Temenggor Bridge on 1 July 1982 to commemorate those who died during construction of the East-West Highway with lake bridge. The plaques reads Pengorbanan Dalam Kenangan, Jalan Raya Timur Barat (1970-1982) (The Greatest Sacrifice, East West Highway (1970–1982)). Images

Malay[edit]

PENGORBANAN DALAM KENANGAN
JALAN RAYA TIMUR BARAT
(1970-1982)

Jalan Raya Timur Barat (Gerik - Jeli) telah dibuka pada lalulintas pada 1hb Julai 1982. Banyak nyawa telah terkorban semasa kerja pembinaan dilaksanakan mulai tahun 1970. Ada yang terkorban semasa kemalangan di tempat kerja dan ada yang diserang oleh pengganas komunis.

Di lokasi ini, 63 buah mesin jentolak tanah telah diletupkan oleh pengganas komunis pada 23hb Mei 1974. Di lokasi ini juga tiga nyawa pekerja JKR telah terkorban dan beberapa lagi cedera dalam serangan pengganas pada 27hb Ogos 1974. Beberapa serangan lain juga telah berlaku di sepanjang jalan raya yang melibatkan pekerja JKR dan anggota pasukan keselamatan. Kita memperingati semua yang telah berkorban nyawa bagi menjayakan pembinaan Jalan Raya Timur Barat ini.

Sila sedekahkan AL-FATIHAH pada orang-orang yang terkorban di sini.

English[edit]

THE GREATEST SACRIFICE
EAST-WEST HIGHWAY
(1970-1982)

The East West Highway (Gerik - Jeli) was opened to traffic on 1st July 1982. Many lives have been lost during the construction which was implemented in 1970. Some people have died during work accidents and some people were attacked by communist terrorists.

At this location, about 63 buldozers were blown up by the communist terrorists on 23 May 1974. At this location also three JKR workers were killed and several others wounded in an ambush on 27th August 1974. Several other attacks have occurred along the highway involving the JKR workers and security forces. We commemorate those who have sacrifice their lives for the construction of the East West Highway.

Please recite AL-FATIHAH* for those who lost their lives here.
Note: The word "AL-FATIHAH" is the first chapter of the Qur'an in Islam.

East-West Highway Memorial Gallery Banding[edit]

The East-West Highway Memorial Gallery Banding or Galeri Banding: Memori Lebuhraya Timur-Barat in Malay is a memorial gallery about the history of the construction of the East-West Highway. The gallery is situated near Belum Rainforest Resort at Pulau Banding. It was officialy opened on 9 May 2014 by the sixth Malaysian Prime Minister, Najib Tun Razak.[5] [6] Many historical artifacts during Communist Insurgency War are exhibited here such as military bunkers, guard post replicas, weapons, uniforms and many more.

Malaysian Army Insurgency War Memorial[edit]

Other memorials include the Malaysian Army Insurgency War Memorial located at Dataran Juang in the Kem Tentera Darat Banding army camp not far from Lake Temenggor Bridge. This memorial was erected on 5 June 2009 to commemorate 116 soldiers who died during the Communist insurgency from 1968 to 1989. The armoured vehicle at this memorial is a Cadillac Gage Commando of the Malaysian Army which was used during the insurgency. Images

Specifications[edit]

There are 5 major bridges along the Highway. Two of the bridges including the longest, the Lake Temenggor Bridge, span arms of the lake formed by the Temenggor Dam Project. The bridges were designed by ENEX of New Zealand under the Colombo Plan Aid. Construction of 3 of the bridges were undertaken by a foreign contractor while a joint venture between 2 local firms undertook the construction of the remaining 2 bridges. In addition to the above, there are about 280 culverts constructed mainly by departmental workers.

Constructing the Highway was never plain sailing for the JKR. There were many constraints, which slowed down progress. Some 27.5 million cubic meter of earth was required to be cut to construct the Highway, of this over 3.8 million cubic meter was rock, which required drilling and blasting operations for its removal. Hill cuts of over 60 m and valleys over 100 m deep, which required filling was found at many locations. The intensity of the monsoon rains especially in the forward areas reduced time available for construction to 10 months in a year. The East-West Highway is located close to the Malaysia-Thailand Border and is situated in a Security Area. As a result several measures had to be taken and procedures adopted to ensure the safety of the workers and the machines. These too contributed to some delay. The 116 km long Highway, which links the East Coast at Jeli, Kelantan with the West Coast at Gerik, Perak cost RM 396 million. Other details of the project are as follows:

Major Bridges Span[edit]

  1. Sungai Rui Bridge: 256m
  2. Lake Temenggor Bridge (West side): 880 m
  3. Lake Temenggor Bridge (East side): 640 m
  4. Upper Sungai Pergau Bridge: 159 m
  5. Lower Sungai Pergau Bridge: 158 m

Road Design Criteria[edit]

  • Design speed: 72 km/h
  • Maximum Gradient: 7%
  • Pavement Width: 7.2 m
  • Shoulder Width: 2.3 m

Features[edit]


List of junctions and towns[edit]

Km Exit Junctions To Remarks
4
0
EXIT 1 GERIK (NORTH)
Kampung Bahru Batu Dua
KAMPUNG BAHRU BATU DUA JUNCTIONS
NORTH
76 Pengkalan Hulu
76 Baling
67 Sungai Petani
1 Alor Star

SOUTH
76 Gerik town centre
76 Lenggong
1 Kuala Kangsar
1 Ipoh
E1 AH2 Kuala Lumpur
Hulu Perak District and Land Office
Majlis Daerah Gerik (MDG) headquarters
Hulu Perak District Police Headquarters
Masjid Jamek Gerik
Town centre
T-Junctions
4 AH140 EAST-WEST HIGHWAY
Start/End of highway
Taman Puncak Nilam
Sekolah Menengah Teknik Gerik
EXIT 2 JALAN BALING-GERIK JUNCTIONS WEST
Jkr-ft--.png JALAN BALING-GERIK
Jkr-ft--.png Kupang
Jkr-ft--.png Baling
E15 AH140 Kulim
E15 AH140 Butterworth
E15 AH140 Penang
T-junctions
Taman Perumahan TNB Gerik
Taman Desa Permata, Gerik
R&R Hentian Perah Rest and Service Area Parking (malaysia).jpg V Toilet (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg Telephone (malaysia).jpg Highway rest and service area
GERIK, BANDAR PERSINGGAHAN
(The Rest Town of Perak)
EXIT 3 Kuala Rui
KUALA RUI JUNCTIONS
SOUTHEAST
Jkr-ft--.png JALAN TEMENGGOR
Temenggor
Kampung Baharu Kuala Rui
Kampung Bendang Riang
Kampung Basia Lama
Sultan Azlan Shah Bersia Dam and Hydroelectric Station
Temenggor Dam and Hydroelectric Station
T-junctions
Sungai Rui bridge
256 m
EXIT 4 Kampung Bendang Riang
KAMPUNG BENDANG RIANG JUNCTIONS
NORTH
JALAN BERSIA
Bersia

SOUTHEAST
Jkr-ft--.png JALAN TEMENGGOR
Temenggor
Kampung Bendang Riang
Kampung Basia Lama
Sultan Azlan Shah Bersia Dam and Hydroelectric Station
Temenggor Dam and Hydroelectric Station
Junctions
JPJ Malaysian Road Transport Department (JPJ) Kuala Rui weighing station
4
--
EXIT 5 FELDA Bersia
FELDA BERSIA JUNCTIONS
NORTHWEST
JALAN FELDA BERSIA
FELDA Bersia
T-junctions
4
--
----m above sea level
4
--
----m above sea level
ROYAL BELUM-TEMENGGOR
----m above sea level
Kem Tentera Darat Banding
(Malaysian Army Camp)
----m above sea level
KEM TENTERA DARAT BANDING
(MALAYSIAN ARMY CAMP)
Dataran Juang
Malaysian Army Insurgency War Memorial
Banding Lake Side Inn
----m above sea level
Lake Temenggor Bridge (West side)
880 m
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
Start/End of bridge
Lake Temenggor Bridge (West side)
880 m
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
Lake Temenggor Bridge (West side)
880 m
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
Start/End of bridge
PULAU BANDING
Lake Temenggor
(part of the Royal Belum-Temenggor)
----m above sea level
PULAU BANDING
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
PULAU BANDING
Recreation (malaysia).jpg Fishing (malaysia).jpg
Lake Temenggor Jetty (malaysia).jpg (Jetty)
Belum Rainforest Resort
Sidai Restaurant and Recreation
East-West Highway Memorial Gallery Banding (Galeri Banding: Memori Lebuhraya Timur-Barat)
Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) East-West Highway Monument
Parking (malaysia).jpg V Information centre (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg Telephone (malaysia).jpg
T-junctions
PULAU BANDING
Lake Temenggor
Parking (malaysia).jpg Petronas
----m above sea level
PULAU BANDING
Recreation (malaysia).jpg Fishing (malaysia).jpg
Lake Temenggor

Parking (malaysia).jpg Petrol station (malaysia).jpg Petronas
Toilet (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg Telephone (malaysia).jpg V Information centre (malaysia).jpg
PULAU BANDING
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
PULAU BANDING
Recreation (malaysia).jpg Fishing (malaysia).jpg
Lake Temenggor Jetty (malaysia).jpg (Jetty)
Pulau Banding Rainforest Research Centre
Banding Island Resort
Tasik Banding Discovery Island
R&R Pulau Banding Rest and Service Area
Parking (malaysia).jpg V Information centre (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg Telephone (malaysia).jpg
T-junctions
PULAU BANDING
Lake Temenggor
(part of the Royal Belum-Temenggor)
----m above sea level
Lake Temenggor Bridge (East side)
640 m
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
Start/End of bridge
Lake Temenggor Bridge (East side)
640 m
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
Lake Temenggor Bridge (East side)
640 m
Lake Temenggor
----m above sea level
Start/End of bridge
Belum Forest Reserve
----m above sea level
R&R Air Banun Rest and Service Area
----m above sea level
Parking (malaysia).jpg V Toilet (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg Telephone (malaysia).jpg Highway rest and service area
Air Banun
----m above sea level
Belum Forest Reserve
----m above sea level
R&R Titiwangsa Rest and Service Area
1,050m above sea level
Parking (malaysia).jpg V Toilet (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg Telephone (malaysia).jpg Highway rest and service area

Military controlled area
No trespassing
ROYAL BELUM-TEMENGGOR
----m above sea level
Semi tunnel
----m above sea level
4
--
----m above sea level
Perak Darul Ridzuan
Hulu Perak district border
Gerik sub-district border
Perak-Kelantan border
----m above sea level
Kelantan Darul Naim
Jeli district border
4
--
----m above sea level
R&R Lake Pergau Rest and Service Area
----m above sea level
Parking (malaysia).jpg V Toilet (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg Telephone (malaysia).jpg Highway rest and service area
Lake Pergau
Parking (malaysia).jpg Recreation (malaysia).jpg Lake Pergau Recreational Centre
----m above sea level
LAKE PERGAU
Recreation (malaysia).jpg Fishing (malaysia).jpg
Parking (malaysia).jpg Recreation (malaysia).jpg Lake Pergau Recreational Centre
Parking (malaysia).jpg V Toilet (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg Telephone (malaysia).jpg
T-junctions
TNB Pergau Dam
----m above sea level
Upper Sungai Pergau bridge
159 m
----m above sea level
EXIT 6 Kampung Lawar
KAMPUNG LAWAR JUNCTIONS
----m above sea level
WEST
205 Batu Melintang
205 Kalai
T-junctions
Lower Sungai Pergau bridge
158 m
----m above sea level
EXIT 7 Kampung Gunong
KAMPUNG GUNONG JUNCTIONS
----m above sea level
WEST
205 Batu Melintang
205 Kalai
T-junctions
Pergau
----m above sea level
4 AH140 EAST-WEST HIGHWAY
Start/End of highway
EXIT 8 JELI
JELI WEST JUNCTIONS
SOUTH
66 Jeli town centre
66 Dabong
Jkr-ft--.png Gua Musang
Jeli District (Jajahan) and Land Office
Majlis Daerah Jeli (MDJ) headquarters
Jeli District Police Headquarters
Masjid Jamek Daerah Jeli
Town centre
T-Junctions
EXIT 9 JELI
JELI EAST JUNCTIONS
SOUTH
Jkr-ft--.png JALAN JELI TIMUR
66 Jeli town centre
66 Dabong
Jkr-ft--.png Gua Musang
Jeli District (Jajahan) and Land Office
Majlis Daerah Jeli (MDJ) headquarters
Jeli District Police Headquarters
Masjid Jamek Jeli
T-junctions
EAST
4 AH140 Tanah Merah
4 AH140 Machang
8 Kota Bharu
8 Kuala Krai
4 AH140 Pasir Puteh
3 AH18 Besut
3 AH18 Kuala Terengganu

Commemorative Events[edit]

The East-West Highway Commemorative Postage Stamps[edit]

The Commemorative Postage Stamps to mark the opening of the East-West Highway on 1982 was issued by then the Malaysian Postal Services Department (now Pos Malaysia) on 1 July 1983, just one years after the opening ceremony of the Highway.[1] The denominations for these stamps were 15 cents, 20 cents, and RM 1.00.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jalan Raya Timur Barat (1970-1982): Pengorbanan Dalam Kenangan. The official plaque and monument at Pulau Banding by the Public Works Department of Malaysia.
  2. ^ ERIA Study Team. "Current Status of ASEAN Transport Sector". ASEAN Strategic Transport Plan 2011-2015 (Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat and ERIA): 3–1 – 3–95. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  3. ^ East-West Highway FT4: A Bloody Struggle for National Infrastructure - Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia
  4. ^ Announcement: Special Merdeka Review - East West Highway FT4 - Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia
  5. ^ Perasmian Galeri Banding : Memori Lebuhraya Timur-Barat
  6. ^ Two Unid: 'Galeri Banding : Memori Lebuhraya Timur-Barat'