East-West Airlines (India)

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East-West Airlines
East-west.jpg
Tail colours of an East-West Airlines Boeing 737
Founded 1991
Commenced operations 1992
Ceased operations 8 August 1996
Key people Thakiyudeen Wahid (Managing director)
For other airlines with the same name, see East-West Airlines (disambiguation).

East-West Airlines was the first scheduled private airline in India to take off the ground after the Open Skies policy was announced in 1991. The airline ceased operations in 1996.[1]

History[edit]

East West Airlines began operations in early 1992 when the Indian Government reformed the industry by its "open skies policy" that gave rise to numerous private air charter operators that serviced India. The airline established offices in Bombay (renamed Mumbai in 1995), New Delhi, Madras (now named Chennai) and Trivandrum.

It started, as per government stipulations, with three aircraft, all Boeing 737-200s.[2] In 1992, to counter the impact of a crippling Indian Airlines pilot strike, the then-Civil Aviation minister, Madhavrao Scindia asked the airline to bring in more aircraft. East West went on to acquire four more, taking its count to seven Boeing 737s.[3]

The Indian Government granted scheduled domestic airline status to nine private air charter operators, including East West, in 1994.[4]

On 13 November 1995 the company's managing director Thakiyudeen Wahid was shot dead near his Mumbai office.[5] The airline owed 3.3 million dollars to PLM Equipment - an American company from which it had leased three Boeings.[6] PLM Equipment first appealed to the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) to deregister the aircraft and then went to court. The Delhi high court ordered East West to pay up or return the aircraft. The three aircraft were then grounded.

In May 1996 the airline sought and was given DGCA permission to stop flying trunk routes due to a shortage of aircraft. By June 1996 it had decided to fly only from Bombay to non-trunk destinations such as Calicut, Trivandrum and Cochin. Finally, on 8 August 1996, East West Airlines ceased all operations.[2]

Fleet[edit]

East West operated a total fleet of eleven aircraft, comprising eight leased Boeing 737-200s[7] and three Fokker F27s. After the airline shut down operations, the Boeings were returned to their lessors;[7] while two Fokkers were stored at Mumbai Airport until 2006, when they were auctioned off by AAI to recover some of the fees it was owed by way of parking and landing charges.[8][9]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

On 1 July 1995, an East West Airlines Fokker F27, registered VT-EWE, was engaged in a touch-and-go landing training exercise at Vadodara Airport when the aircraft's left main landing gear failed on touchdown. The aircraft continued moving forward on its belly and skid to a halt on the runway. There was no fire and no injury to persons on board the aircraft. Poor maintenance was cited as a contributory factor in the accident. The aircraft was written off.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Reports & Position Papers :Chronology of Events of Indian Civil Aviation Sector". APAO. 
  2. ^ a b "Why are India's private airlines in such bad shape?". Rediff On The Net Business News. 28 Jan 1997. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "Govindraj Ethiraj: Why private airlines can be trusted". Business Standard. 4 August 2009. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "India raises status of air-taxi operators". Flight Global. 27 Sep 1994. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Deadly Ricochets". Outlook (magazine). 29 Nov 1995. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "India's private malaise". Flight Global. 2 July 1996. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "East West Airlines - Historic Fleet". planespotters.net. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Junk aircraft at Mumbai airport find new masters". Hindustan Times. 2 Nov 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "East West Airlines F 27 Moves from Mumbai". Warbirds. 8 Nov 2006. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  10. ^ Accident description for Fokker F27 VT-EWE at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 5 November 2011.