East-West Link (Suriname)
The (northern) East-West Link (Dutch: Oost-Westverbinding) is a road in Suriname between Albina in the eastern part of the country to Nieuw Nickerie in the western part, via the capital city of Paramaribo. The southern East-West Link connects Paramaribo with Apoera via Bitagron. Construction of the road link started in the 1960s.
In recent years, various ferries on the East-West Link route have been replaced with bridges. There is a bridge near Groot Henar spanning the Nickerie River. In 1980, a bridge was built on the Commewijne River near Stolkertsijver. Since 1999, the Coppename Bridge connects Jenny with Boskamp, and since 2000 the Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge connects Paramaribo with Meerzorg. On the southern East-West Link, bailey bridges spanning the Coppename River and Nickerie River were built near Bitagron and Kamp 52 respectively.
The road is in a bad state on several parts of the route, partly due to damage because of the Suriname Guerrilla War. Various revitalization projects have been started.
Western East-West Link
A 32-kilometre-long section between Nieuw Nickerie and the ferry near South Drain was not paved until recently. The European Union funded the reconstruction, which started in 2007, with 13.2 million euro. The section was due to be completed in the first quarter of 2010.
Eastern East-West Link
The eastern part of the East-West Link, that is the section between Meerzorg and Albina, is being repaved with funds from the European Union, the Agence Française de Développement and the Inter-American Development Bank. In August 2009, a Project Executing Unit (PEU) was installed, whose task it is to safeguard quality guidelines, project planning, and the total budget of USD 140 million. The project entails a total section of 138 kilometres and the rehabilitation is planned to be finished in 30 months’ time. The reconstruction will adhere to the standards of the Initiative for the Integration of the Regional Infrastructure of South America (IIRSA).
In March 2010, the Dutch company MNO Vervat was to begin repaving the road between Tamanredjo (km 20,5) and Moengo (km 95). The section between Moengo and Albina (km 138) will be repaved by the Chinese company Dalian. The tender for the section between Meerzorg (km 0) and Tamanredjo will be put out in 2011. The road will be widened in several places and cycling lanes will be added in built-up areas.
Southern East-West Link
Suriname aims for reconstructing the Southern East-West Link (Paramaribo-Zanderij-Bitagron-Apoera) between 2010 and 2015. In the IIRSA project, this road is part of Group 3 of the Guyana Shield Hub region, which links Ciudad Guayana in Venezuela via San Martín de Turumbang, Linden and Apoera with Paramaribo. The project includes the building of a bridge on the Courantyne River between Apoera and Orealla in Guyana. According to a study by Pitou van Dijk, the Linden-Paramaribo section has only secondary priority with IIRSA at the moment.
Connections with neighbouring countries
The East-West Link has a ferry connection with Guyana on the western side since 1998, connecting South Drain with Moleson Creek. In the east there is a ferry between Albina and Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni in French Guyana since 1969.
Within the framework of the IIRSA, the Suriname Planning Bureau has done some studies on the incorporation of the East-West Link in the Pan-American Highway. Suriname has been part of the Pan-American Highway project since 1982. Apart from the reconstruction of the East West Link as described above, a feasibility study has been started for a bridge between Suriname and French Guyana. Also a North-South Link connection Suriname with Brazil via the Vier Gebroeders mountains is considered.
- Kridenki.com - Brug uitkijk-Hamburg onder mega publieke belangstelling geopend
- Nickerie.net - Asfaltering weg naar South Drain
- Dagblad Suriname - Activiteiten asfaltering South Drain in volle gang
- De Ware Tijd - Weg South Drain na 29 maanden klaar
- De Ware Tijd - 'Nog geen asfaltering wegvak South Drain-Apoera'
- Suriname start studie wegherstel met hulp EU
- Dagblad Suriname - Contract Project van de Rehabilitatie van de Oost-Westverbinding getekend
- Agence Française de Développement - Surinam: rehabilitating the road linking Paramaribo to French Guiana
- Nospang.com - Herasfaltering deel Oost-Westverbinding
- Stichting Planbureau Suriname - Moengo – Albina Knooppunten van de Pan-American Highway
- IIRSA.org - Guyana Shield Hub presentation
- IIRSA.org - Venezuela (Ciudad Guayana)-Guiana (Georgetown)-Suriname (Paramaribo) Road (1st Stage)
- Pitou van Dijk - The IIRSA Guyana Shield Hub: The Case of Suriname
- Ministerie van Transport, Communicatie en Toerisme - De Canawaima Ferry Service Incorporated
- IIRSA.org - Improvement of the Marowijne River International Crossing - project summary
- Indianfeelings.nl - Fusie Suriname en Franks Guyana?