|Studio album by Cold Chisel|
|Released||June 2, 1980|
|Producer||Mark Opitz and Cold Chisel|
|Cold Chisel chronology|
|Singles from East|
East was the third studio album by Australian pub rock band Cold Chisel, released in June 1980. The album peaked at No. 2 and spent 63 weeks on the national chart. It was the biggest-selling Australian album release of the year. It was the only Cold Chisel album to chart in America, reaching 171 on the Billboard 200. It also reached number 32 on the New Zealand charts.
The cover art was inspired by the 1793 painting The Death of Marat. The photo of Barnes was taken at Roger Langford's apartment in Elizabeth Bay, where the video for "Cheap Wine" was later shot. Barnes had purchased the headband in Japan, and years later discovered he had worn it upside-down. Walker said, "I got the idea of the bathtub and the Marat/Sade ripoff. I knew I wanted to fill the whole thing up with certain flavoured bric-a-brac. Jenny spent a whole spent about a week getting the bric-a-brac together out of the antique shops and second-hand book shops. There was a certain list of books I wanted but she came back with some wonderful stuff I would never have thought of."
The album was preceded by the release of the single "Choirgirl" that was recorded in October 1979 and released in November, the band's first recording with Mark Opitz who would then work on all subsequent 1980s Cold Chisel albums. The bulk of the album was recorded in March and April 1980, with the band having completed little writing before entering the studio. Opitz said, "I booked Paradise as a lock-out, which meant Chisel had sole 24-hour access. The only people allowed in were friends of the band and roadies. I did that to make sure the roadies got their free feed."
The songs "Cheap Wine" and "My Baby" were also released as singles. East was the first Cold Chisel album to feature tracks written by all members of the band. Opitz said, "One of the key aspects was breaking Don's songwriting monopoly. It gave variation to the record and confidence to the players. Don was comfortable with this changed dynamic, because it meant he no longer had to come up with all the songs."
East was a deliberate attempt by Cold Chisel to make a more commercial album. Walker said at the time, "I go to bed with a tape recorder under my pillow. The tape loop says, 'hit single, hit single, hit single.'" Allmusic describes the album as, "their most widely accepted and artfully constructed album." Producer Opitz said of the pressure for commercial success, "My brief to myself was: “I don’t want to sacrifice the credibility of the band, but I still need hits.” Of course, the band at that stage were letting me have my total way with them. Because they weren’t a successful recording band."
Some of the songs were topical at the time of release. "Ita" referred to journalist and television presenter Ita Buttrose. "Star Hotel" is written about the riot that took place there,"Choirgirl" about abortion, and "Four Walls" referenced the riots at Bathurst Gaol. Barnes later said, "At the time we'd been doing a hell of a lot of gigs in jails and Don had been really into it. He'd been talking to Jack Mundey and all those people, and I don't think he knew why, but he was sort of obsessed with the penal system."
Later, Walker was described as, "keen to play down the political side of the band's songs." Walker said, "That whole East political thing, all those things were not necessarily said by us. Most of the themes were dreamed up by reviewers."
Barnes was using a combination of speed and red wine to improve his vocal performance in the studio. Walker said, "Jim had developed into the most incredible singer. He could do anything. He could sing melodies in a way that made it sound not over-worked or thought about; it was effortless."
The first 10,000 pressings of the album came with a bonus single, a live cover of "Knocking on Heaven's Door" that had been recorded at the Bondi Lifesaver on the A-side, and a studio recording of "Party's Over" on the B-side.
Cold Chisel's catalogue was re-released in collectors editions 2011. East re-entered the charts for 3 weeks, peaking at number 19.
At the 1980 TV Week/Countdown Music Awards, East won a number of awards, including Best Australian Album, Best Australian Record Cover Design and Most Popular Record. In October 2010, East, was listed in the book, 100 Best Australian Albums with their 1982 album Circus Animals at No. 4.
A review at Allmusic described the album as Cold Chisel's, "slickest to date," and, "More commercial without compromising on the rawness of their roots." Reviewer Adrian Zupp noted the individual performances on the album, commenting, "As always, the rhythm section gymnastics of drummer Steven Prestwich and bassist Phil Small provide an alternately swift and delicate undercurrent for Ian Moss' guitar heroics, Don Walker's exuberant piano playing, and Barnes' banshee wails." Zupp gave the album a rating of four and a half stars from a possible five, and summarised, "With East, Cold Chisel signaled that they had moved on up without selling out."
All songs by Don Walker, except as noted
- "Standing on the Outside"
- "Never Before" (Ian Moss)
- "Rising Sun" (Jimmy Barnes)
- "My Baby" (Phil Small)
- "Cheap Wine"
- "Best Kept Lies" (Steve Prestwich)
- "Star Hotel"
- "Four Walls"
- "My Turn to Cry" (Jimmy Barnes)
- Jimmy Barnes – vocals
- Don Walker – organ, piano
- Ian Moss – guitar, lead vocals (tracks 2, 5 and 8)
- Phil Small – bass
- Steve Prestwich – drums
- Joe Camilleri – saxophone (track 5)
- David Kent (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970-1992. St Ives, New South Wales: Australian Chart Book. p. 72. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Cold Chisel - Billboard Albums". allmusic.com. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- "COLD CHISEL - EAST (ALBUM)". australian-sharts.com. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- John O'Donnell, Toby Creswell & Craig Mathieson (2010). The 100 Best Australian Albums. Prahran, Victoria: Hardie Grant Books. p. 150. ISBN 978-1-74066-955-9.
- Cold Chisel - Vision, DVD liner notes
- Jimmy Barnes (2008). Icons of Australian Music: Jimmy Barnes. Springwood, New South Wales: roving eye. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-9804495-0-1.
- Michael Lawrence (2012). Cold Chisel: Wild Colonial Boys. Melbourne, Victoria: Melbourne Books. p. 131. ISBN 9781877096174.
- Mark Opitz, Luke Wallis, Jeff Jensen (2012). Sophisto-Punk. North Sydney: Ebury Press. p. 81. ISBN 9781742757933.
- Anthony O'Grady (2001). Cold Chisel: The Pure Stuff. Crows Nest, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin. p. 57. ISBN 1-86508-196-5.
- "Circus Animals". Allmusic. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
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- Tracee Hutchison (1992). Your Name's On The Door. Sydney, New South Wales: ABC Enterprises. p. 5. ISBN 0-7333-0115-0.
- Jane Matheson. "Cold Chisel: Risk-taking is Part of the Game". Australian Rolling Stone (North Sydney, NSW: Silvertongues Pty Ltd) (June 17, 1982): pg14–18.
- Angus Cameron, ed. (1985). The Australian Almanac. North Ryde, NSW: Angus & Robertson. ISBN 0-207-15108-3.
- O'Donnell, John; Creswell, Toby; Mathieson, Craig (October 2010). 100 Best Australian Albums. Prahran, Vic: Hardie Grant Books. ISBN 978-1-74066-955-9.
- "Industry Results". abc.net.au. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
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- Adrian Zupp. "East - Cold Chisel". Allmusic. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "Triple M's Holy 100". "triplem.com.au". Retrieved 19 April 2012.