East Amwell Township, New Jersey

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East Amwell Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of East Amwell
Map of East Amwell Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County in the State of New Jersey.
Map of East Amwell Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of East Amwell Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of East Amwell Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°26′06″N 74°49′23″W / 40.434993°N 74.82303°W / 40.434993; -74.82303Coordinates: 40°26′06″N 74°49′23″W / 40.434993°N 74.82303°W / 40.434993; -74.82303[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Hunterdon
Incorporated April 6, 1846
Government[3]
 • Type Township (New Jersey)
 • Mayor David Wang-Iverson (term ends December 31, 2015)[4][5]
 • Administrator Timothy L. Matheny[6]
 • Clerk Terri Stahl[7]
Area[1]
 • Total 28.561 sq mi (73.972 km2)
 • Land 28.459 sq mi (73.707 km2)
 • Water 0.102 sq mi (0.264 km2)  0.36%
Area rank 94th of 566 in state
8th of 26 in county[1]
Elevation[8] 203 ft (62 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total 4,013
 • Estimate (2014)[12] 3,958
 • Rank 413th of 566 in state
11th of 26 in county[13]
 • Density 141.0/sq mi (54.4/km2)
 • Density rank 529th of 566 in state
23rd of 26 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08551 - Ringoes[14]
08559 - Stockton[15]
Area code(s) 609 and 908[16]
FIPS code 3401918820[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID 0882180[1][19]
Website www.eastamwelltownship.com

East Amwell Township is a township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,013,[9][10][11] reflecting a decline of 442 (-9.9%) from the 4,455 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 123 (+2.8%) from the 4,332 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

East Amwell Township is located in the southeastern corner of Hunterdon County where it borders both Somerset and Mercer Counties. It includes the Unincorporated community of Ringoes, the oldest known settlement in Hunterdon County, as well as the communities of Larison's Corner, Weert's Corner and part of Reaville.[21]

History[edit]

Amwell Township was established by a royal patent from Queen Anne in 1708. Its territory comprised 200 square miles (520 km2) and included present day Delaware Township, Raritan Township, Readington Township, East Amwell Township and West Amwell Township and portions of Clinton, Lebanon and Tewksbury Townships. Both East Amwell Township and West Amwell Township were formed on April 6, 1846, when Amwell Township was split in two. Territory was gain in 1854 from Delaware Township, Raritan Township and West Amwell Township, and again from those same three townships in 1897.[22]

During the American Revolutionary War, a small but important skirmish occurred in East Amwell when local militia under Capt. John Schenck ambushed a party of British dragoons near Larison's Corner. The "Ambush of Geary" on December 14, 1776, helped rein in British scouting parties in Hunterdon County in the crucial weeks before Washington's crossing of the Delaware.[23]

East Amwell was the location of the Lindbergh kidnapping, in which Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, was abducted from the estate owned by Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow Lindbergh, and was later found dead nearby.[24]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 28.561 square miles (73.972 km2), including 28.459 square miles (73.707 km2) of land and 0.102 square miles (0.264 km2) of water (0.36%).[1][2]

The northern areas of East Amwell are in Amwell Valley, while the southern sections are in The Sourlands region.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Amwell,[citation needed] Boss Road, Bowne,[citation needed] Buttonwood Corners, Cloverhill, Furmans Corner,[citation needed] Larisons Corners, Linvale,[citation needed] New Market, Reaville, Rileyville, Ringoes, Rocktown,[citation needed] Snydertown, Union, Unionville, Venliews Corners and Wertsville.[25]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,330
1860 1,865 40.2%
1870 1,802 −3.4%
1880 1,696 −5.9%
1890 1,375 −18.9%
1900 1,327 −3.5%
1910 1,203 −9.3%
1920 1,102 −8.4%
1930 1,210 9.8%
1940 1,218 0.7%
1950 1,525 25.2%
1960 1,981 29.9%
1970 2,568 29.6%
1980 3,468 35.0%
1990 4,332 24.9%
2000 4,455 2.8%
2010 4,013 −9.9%
Est. 2014 3,958 [12][26] −1.4%
Population sources: 1850-1920[27]
1850-1870[28] 1850[29] 1870[30]
1880-1890[31] 1890-1910[32]
1910-1930[33] 1930-1990[34]
2000[35][36] 2010[9][10][11]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,013 people, 1,518 households, and 1,155 families residing in the township. The population density was 141.0 per square mile (54.4/km2). There were 1,580 housing units at an average density of 55.5 per square mile (21.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.81% (3,845) White, 1.25% (50) Black or African American, 0.05% (2) Native American, 1.42% (57) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.67% (27) from other races, and 0.80% (32) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.82% (113) of the population.[9]

There were 1,518 households, of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.01.[9]

In the township, 22.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 18.2% from 25 to 44, 39.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.8 years. For every 100 females there were 106.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.0 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $105,846 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,725) and the median family income was $124,659 (+/- $16,916). Males had a median income of $87,727 (+/- $15,438) versus $53,491 (+/- $7,390) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $46,986 (+/- $4,981). About 0.8% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[37]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 4,455 people, 1,581 households, and 1,305 families residing in the township. The population density was 155.3 people per square mile (60.0/km²). There were 1,624 housing units at an average density of 56.6 per square mile (21.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.97% White, 0.72% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.53% of the population.[35][36]

There were 1,581 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.8% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.4% were non-families. 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.07.[35][36]

In the township the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.[35][36]

The median income for a household in the township was $85,664, and the median income for a family was $90,000. Males had a median income of $60,945 versus $39,306 for females. The per capita income for the township was $37,187. About 1.8% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.[35][36]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

East Amwell Township Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[3] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2015, members of the East Amwell Township Committee are Mayor David Wang-Iverson (2015), Deputy Mayor Dart Sageser (D, 2017), Tim Mathews (2016), Peter Miller (2016) and Charles Van Horn (D, 2017).[4][38][39][40]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

East Amwell Township is located in the 7th Congressional District[41] and is part of New Jersey's 15th state legislative district.[10][42][43] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, East Amwell Township had been in the 23rd state legislative district.[44] Prior to the 2010 Census, East Amwell Township had been part of the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[44]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[45] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[46] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[47][48]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 15th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Shirley Turner (D, Lawrence Township, Mercer County) and in the General Assembly by Reed Gusciora (D, Trenton) and Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township).[49][50] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[51] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[52]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director.[53] As of 2015, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director John King (R; Raritan Township, 2015),[54] Freeholder Deputy Director Suzanne Lagay (R; Holland Township, 2016),[55] J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2015),[56] John E. Lanza (R; Flemington, 2016)[57] and Robert G. Walton (R; Hampton, 2017).[58][59] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2017),[60] Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2016)[61] and Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2018).[62][63][64]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,059 registered voters in East Amwell Township, of which 875 (28.6%) were registered as Democrats, 956 (31.3%) were registered as Republicans and 1,224 (40.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[65]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 57.3% of the vote (1,346 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 40.9% (961 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (41 votes), among the 2,364 ballots cast by the township's 3,135 registered voters (16 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 75.4%.[66][67] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 54.8% of the vote (1,405 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 42.4% (1,088 votes) and other candidates with 1.7% (44 votes), among the 2,564 ballots cast by the township's 3,180 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.6%.[68] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 57.3% of the vote (1,452 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 41.8% (1,059 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (30 votes), among the 2,534 ballots cast by the township's 3,043 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 83.3.[69]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 71.6% of the vote (1,223 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 26.2% (448 votes), and other candidates with 2.2% (37 votes), among the 1,770 ballots cast by the township's 3,088 registered voters (62 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 57.3%.[70][71] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 61.2% of the vote (1,196 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 29.2% (571 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.4% (145 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (20 votes), among the 1,953 ballots cast by the township's 3,094 registered voters, yielding a 63.1% turnout.[72]

Education[edit]

The East Amwell Township School District serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade at East Amwell Township School. As of the 2012-13 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 425 students and 41.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.14:1.[73]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Hunterdon Central High School, part of the Hunterdon Central Regional High School District, which serves over 3,000 students in central Hunterdon County. Students from Delaware Township, East Amwell Township, Flemington Borough, Raritan Township and Readington Township attend Hunterdon Central High School.[74]

Transportation[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 68.03 miles (109.48 km) of roadways, of which 42.84 miles (68.94 km) were maintained by the municipality, 17.15 miles (27.60 km) by Hunterdon County and 8.04 miles (12.94 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[75]

Route 31 passes through mostly along the western border with West Amwell. Route 179 and US Route 202 pass through near Ringoes.

Three major county roads that go through are CR 514 (along the border with Raritan), CR 518 and CR 579.

The closest limited access road is Interstate 95 in neighboring Hopewell.

Wineries[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with East Amwell Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  4. ^ a b Mayor and Township Committees, East Amwell Township. Accessed January 15, 2015.
  5. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed March 15, 2015. As of date accessed, Dart Sageser was listed as mayor with a term-end year of 2014.
  6. ^ Township Administrator, Township of East Amwell. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  7. ^ Office of the Township Clerk, Township of East Amwell. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of East Amwell, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for East Amwell township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 7. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for East Amwell township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Ringoes, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Stockton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Ringoes, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 3, 2013.
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  18. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 27, 2012.
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  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  21. ^ Demographics, Township of East Amwell. Accessed November 14, 2012. "East Amwell is at the base of the Sourland Mountains. Its 28.68 square miles encompasses the communities of Ringoes, Weert's Corner, Larison's Corner and a portion of Reaville."
  22. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 154. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  23. ^ "The Amwell Skirmish", Nature's Grapevine of Washington Crossing State Park, Winter 2006. Accessed November 14, 2012. "On December 14th, a patrol of eight dragoons under the command of Cornet Francis Geary was dispatched from the main force at Pennington and proceeded up the road to Flemington. On the return leg of their raid they were attacked from the woods along present day Route 31, just north of Ringoes by Capt. John Schenk and a squad of citizen soldiers from the Amwell Militia."
  24. ^ a b Gill, Barbara. "Lindbergh kidnapping rocked the world 50 years ago", The Hunterdon County Democrat, 1981. Accessed May 22, 2015. "So while the world's attention was focused on Hopewell, from which the first press dispatches emanated about the kidnapping, the Democrat made sure its readers knew that the new home of Col. Charles A. Lindbergh and Anne Morrow Lindbergh was in East Amwell Township Hunterdon County."
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  28. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 267, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed September 4, 2013. "East Amwell was formed from Amwell in 1856; in 1860 it contained a population of 1,865; and in 1870, 1,802. The Sourland Mountains are partly in this township and partly in Hillsborough township, Somerset county." Note that the establishment date is listed as 1856 (not 1846) and that no population is provided for 1850.
  29. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 139. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed September 4, 2013. No population is provided.
  30. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed September 4, 2013.
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  32. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  33. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  34. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed November 14, 2012.
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  55. ^ Suzanne Lagay, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed January 8, 2015.
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  73. ^ District information for East Amwell Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed March 15, 2015.
  74. ^ Hunterdon Central Regional High School 2014 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 15, 2015. "Located in beautiful, historic Hunterdon County in central New Jersey, Hunterdon Central Regional High School serves the five municipalities of Delaware Township, East Amwell Township, Flemington Borough, Raritan Township, and Readington Township."
  75. ^ Hunterdon County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  76. ^ James Buchanan, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 27, 2007.
  77. ^ Gene Andrew Maguire, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed June 10, 2007.
  78. ^ Brown, William Mawbey; and Lee, Francis Bazley. Biographical, Genealogical and Descriptive History of the State of New Jersey, p. 284. New Jersey Historical Publishing Company, 1900. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  79. ^ Myers, William S. Prominent Families of New Jersey, p. 1078. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1945. ISBN 0806350369. Accessed November 14, 2012.

External links[edit]