|Area||11,839,074 km2 (4,571,092 sq mi)[note 1]|
|Density||134 /km2 (350 /sq mi)|
|Countries and territories|| China
|Languages and language families||Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, and many others|
|Nominal GDP (2011)||$ 14.878 Trillion|
|GDP per capita (2011)||$ 9,409|
|Time zones||UTC +7:00 (Western Mongolia) to UTC +9:00 (Japan and Korean Peninsula)|
|Capital cities|| Beijing
|Other major cities|| Busan
|Vietnamese alphabet||Đông Á|
East Asia or Eastern Asia (the latter form preferred solely by the United Nations) is a subregion of Asia that can be defined in either geographical or cultural terms. Geographically and geopolitically, it covers about 12,000,000 km2 (4,600,000 sq mi), or about 28% of the Asian continent, about 15% bigger than the area of Europe.
More than 1.5 billion people, about 38% of the population of Asia and 22% or over one fifth of all the people in the world, live in East Asia. The region is one of the world's most populated places, with a population density of 133 inhabitants per square kilometre (340 /sq mi), being about three times the world average of 45 /km2 (120 /sq mi), although Mongolia has the lowest population density of a sovereign state. Using the UN subregion definitions, it ranks second in population only to Southern Asia.
Historically, many societies in East Asia have been part of the Chinese cultural sphere, and East Asian vocabulary and scripts are often derived from Classical Chinese and Chinese script. Sometimes Northeast Asia is used to denote Japan and Korea. Major religions include Buddhism (mostly Mahayana), Confucianism or Neo-Confucianism, Taoism, Chinese folk religion in China, Shinto in Japan, Taoism in Taiwan, Shamanism in Korea, Mongolia and other indigenous populations of northern East Asia, and recently Christianity in South Korea. The Chinese Calendar is the root from which many other East Asian calendars are derived.
The history of East Asia is predominantly the Chinese Dynasties that dominated in trade as well as military, such as the Qin and the Han Dynasties. There are records of tributes sent overseas from the early kingdoms of Korea and Japan. There were also a consideration level of cultural and religion exchange between the Chinese and other regional Dynasties and Kingdoms.
As connections began to strengthen with the Western world, Chinese power began to diminish. Japan took the opportunity to begin conquering colonies. At the time of WWII, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan and the Northeastern part of China were all under Japanese control. It was not until the end of WWII when Korea and Taiwan had a chance to free from Japan.
Uses of the term East Asia 
The UN subregion of Eastern Asia and other common definitions of East Asia contain the entirety of the People's Republic of China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia and Taiwan.[note 3]
Alternative definitions 
There are mixed debates around the world whether these countries or regions should be considered in East Asia or not.
- Vietnam (officially part of Southeast Asia geographically, although culturally it is part of the Chinese cultural sphere, politically, it is related to both Southeast Asia and People's Republic of China)
- Siberia in Russia (often described as North Asia due to its location, although this part of Russia is often seen as more closely related to its East Asian neighbours)
In business and economics, East Asia has been used to refer to a wide geographical area covering ten countries in ASEAN, People's Republic of China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan[note 3]. However, in this context, the term "Far East" is often more appropriate which covers ASEAN countries and the traditional countries in East Asia. Far East describes the region's geographical position in relation to Europe rather than its location within Asia. Alternatively, the term "Asia Pacific Region" is often used in describing the Far East region as well as Oceania.
In contrast to the United Nations definition, East Asia commonly is used to refer to the eastern part of Asia, as the term implies. Observers preferring a broader definition of 'East Asia' often use the term Northeast Asia to refer to the greater China area, the Korean Peninsula, Taiwan, and Japan, with Southeast Asia covering the ten ASEAN countries. This usage, which is increasingly widespread in economic and diplomatic discussion, is at odds with the historical meanings of both "East Asia" and "Northeast Asia". The Council on Foreign Relations defines Northeast Asia as Japan and Korea.
Territory and region data 
|Country||Area km²||Population||Population density
|Hong Kong (PRC)||1,104||7,061,200||6,390||0.898||Hong Kong|
|Macau (PRC)||30||556,800||18,662||No Data||Macau|
|North Korea||120,538||24,346,000||198||No Data||Pyongyang|
millions of USD (2011)
|GDP nominal per capita
millions of USD (2011)
|GDP PPP per capita
|Hong Kong (PRC)||243,302||34,049||351,119||49,300|
Seoul is the capital and largest city of South Korea (ROK), and is a leading global technology hub.
Shanghai is the largest city in China and one of the largest in the world, and is the leading commercial and financial center of mainland China.
See also 
- East Asia Summit
- East Asian Community
- East Asian Games
- East Asian studies
- East Asian languages
- East Asian calligraphy
- Four Asian Tigers
- China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summit
- The area figure is based on the combined areas of China (including Hong Kong, Macau, Aksai Chin, and Trans-Karakoram Tract), Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam as listed at List of countries and outlying territories by total area.
- The population figure is the combined populations of China (Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau), Japan , North Korea, South Korea, and Taiwan as listed at List of countries by population (last updated Feb 22, 2011).
- Taiwan (officially the Republic of China) has limited recognition internationally as a sovereign state while most democratic countries keeps quasi-official relations with her, see Political status of Taiwan.
- "East Asia". encarta. Microsoft. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2008-01-12. "East A·sia [ st áyə ] the countries, territories, and regions of China, Mongolia, Hong Kong, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Macau, and Taiwan."
- Columbia University - "East Asian cultural sphere" "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system."
- "Northeast Asia." Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved on August 10, 2009.
- Chongho Kim, "Korean Shamanism", 2003 Ashgate Publishing
- Andreas Anangguru Yewangoe, "Theologia crucis in Asia", 1987 Rodopi
- "Background Note: South Korea". State. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2000-04-27.
- http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/176529/East-Asian-arts/74261/Chinese-visual-arts, Britannica Online Encyclopedia, saying: "The present political boundaries of China, which include Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Sinkiang, and the northeastern provinces formerly called Manchuria, embrace a far larger area of East Asia than will be discussed here...."[dead link]
- Columbia University East Asian Cultural Sphere
- R. Keith Schopper's East Asia: Identities and Change in the Modern World
- Joshua A. Fogel (UC Santa Barbara/University of Indiana) Nationalism, the Rise of the Vernacular, and the Conceptualization of Modernization in East Asian Comparative Perspective
- United Nations Environment Programme (mentions sinosphere countries) Approaches to Solution of Eutrophication 
- "Encarta Encyclopedia". Archived from the original on 2009-10-31.
- Christopher M. Dent (2008). East Asian regionalism. London: Routledge. pp. 1–8.
- Charles Harvie, Fukunari Kimura, and Hyun-Hoon Lee (2005), New East Asian regionalism. Cheltenham and Northamton: Edward Elgar, pp.3-6.
- Peter J. Katzenstein and Takashi Shiraishi (2006), Beyond Japan: the dynamics of East Asian regionalism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp.1-33
- CIA World Factbook
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