East Brabantian

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East Brabantian (Dutch: Oost Noord-Brabants or Oost Brabants) is one of the main divisions of the Brabantian dialect groups which the Woordenboek van de Brabantse Dialecten recognizes. East Brabantian dialects are mainly spoken in the eastern part of the province of North Brabant. In the classifications of Brabantian is recognized it as a separate dialect group. Sometimes it is called Meierijs, after the Bailiwick of Den Bosch. East Brabant dialects are further subdivided into the Kempenlands (in a large area east and south east of Eindhoven, including Arendonk and Lommel in Belgium), North Meierijs (in an area south of 's-Hertogenbosch into Eindhoven), Peellands (in Helmond and surroundings), Geldrops and Heeze-and-Leendes. The last two are small local dialects that are found as separate groups in few other classifications. Not to East Brabantian belong Maaslands (including Bosch which is put among the Central North Brabantian, although other classification systems also describe it as East Brabantian), the Land-van-Cuijks (which has many similarities with neighboring South Guelderish and the Northern Limburgish dialects), Kleverlands ( a South Guelderish dialect) and Budels (linguistically a Limburgish dialect).[1]

Dialect boundaries of the different East Brabantian Dialects, with Geldrops and Heeze-and-Leendes in the middle, Kempenlands on the left-bottom, North Meierijs on the top and Peellands at the right.

Characteristics[edit]

East Brabantian dialects differ on some points distinctively of the more western variants: Central Brabantian and West Brabantian and also from the southern dialects like Southern Brabantian, Kempens and Getelands. Some peculiarities are typical eastern and shared with the Limburgish dialects, others only occur locally.[2] East Brabantian dialects have been somewhat influenced by the Cologne language expansion of thus have a few characteristics that typically east of nature and which the western variants do not have. Such differences include umlauts in diminutives, and the conjugation of Germanic strong verbs (like in Limburgish). Typical East Brabantian words are therefore geleuven vs Dutch geloven (believe), bruur vs Dutch broer (brother) and zuke vs Dutch zoeken (search). Also diminutives as menneke vs Dutch mannetje (little man) and jeske vs Dutch jasje (little coat) and conjugations as velt vs Dutch valt (falls) are typical East Brabantian.

  • East Brabantian dialects know an umlaut in diminutive formation (póp - pupke) and some words which ends on -i in their previous West Germanic form, e.g.: kees (kaas), which original form was Kâsi.
  • The variants and are used in East Brabantian for what and that (vs. the Western Brabantian uses wa and da, and Limburgish de).
  • East Brabantian exhibit a more eastern tinged vocabulary ("rad" vs. "wiel").
  • As in most other Brabantian dialects an umlaut occurs in words with originally a long ô (gruun vs. Markiezaats uses only groen).
  • Typical of the Meierij is the preservation of the sk where standard Dutch has shifted to the sch (skoewn vs. Schoen) and the shortening of many original long vowels (torre vs. toren).
  • The diphthongs ij / ei and ui are here often monophthonged into èè and èù (èès and hèùs vs. West Brabantian ais and ois).
  • Unlike in the West Brabantian dialects the h has been preserved in East Brabantian, the most common departing greet being houdoe (meaning "take care") (vs. the West Brabantian oudoe).
  • The svarabhakti vocal is almost always pronounced (Mellek vs. Melk).
  • As all Brabantian dialects, East Brabantian uses a soft G.
Position of East Brabantian (Oost-Noord-Brabants) among the other minority languages, regional languages and dialects in the Benelux

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jos & Cor Swanenberg: Taal in stad en land: Oost-Brabants, ISBN 9012090105
  2. ^ http://taal.phileon.nl/brabants.php