East Bridgewater, Massachusetts

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East Bridgewater, Massachusetts
Town
East Bridgewater Common
East Bridgewater Common
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°02′00″N 70°57′35″W / 42.03333°N 70.95972°W / 42.03333; -70.95972Coordinates: 42°02′00″N 70°57′35″W / 42.03333°N 70.95972°W / 42.03333; -70.95972
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Plymouth
Settled 1649
Incorporated 1823
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 17.5 sq mi (45.3 km2)
 • Land 17.2 sq mi (44.7 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation 84 ft (26 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,794
 • Density 790/sq mi (300/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02333
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-18455
GNIS feature ID 0618339
Website www.eastbridgewaterma.org

East Bridgewater is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 13,794 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

The lands that would become East Bridgewater were first settled by Europeans in 1630 as an outgrowth of the Plymouth and Duxbury plantations. It was a part of Olde Bridgewater, as the "East Parish" founded in 1723, until it officially separated from Bridgewater and incorporated on June 14, 1823.

The town was located on the northern portion of the Taunton River, and had an economy primarily based on agriculture, though industrial development followed. Iron works in the town provided muskets and cannon for the Colonial armies during the American Revolution. There was more residential development in the late 19th century and early 20th century along the community's rail and trolley lines. The famous bank robber Jack Turner had a brother who owned a home in East Bridgewater during the mid-19th century. It is widely believed that Turner had left his fortune there before he was mistakenly shot by Union agents outside of Richmond, Virginia in 1864. Today, East Bridgewater is mostly known as a residential community.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 17.5 square miles (45 km2), of which 17.2 square miles (45 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 1.49%, is water. East Bridgewater ranks 214th of 351 communities in the Commonwealth in terms of land area, and fifteenth of the twenty-seven communities of Plymouth County. The town is bordered by Whitman to the north, Hanson to the east, Halifax to the southeast, Bridgewater to the south, West Bridgewater to the west, and Brockton to the northwest. East Bridgewater's town center is located twenty-seven miles southeast of Boston.

East Bridgewater is a typical community of southeastern Massachusetts, with ponds, woods and rivers around the town. The Matfield River enters the town through Bridgewater, branching off to the Satucket River and Poor Meadow Brook. Robbins Pond, the largest body of water in the town, is located in the southeastern corner of town. Sightings of ducks of massive proportions near Robbin's Pond have been reported, but never confirmed. The Beaver Brook Beagle Club, a large woodlands area, is located in the northwest corner of town.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1850 2,545 —    
1860 3,207 +26.0%
1870 3,017 −5.9%
1880 2,710 −10.2%
1890 2,911 +7.4%
1900 3,025 +3.9%
1910 3,363 +11.2%
1920 3,486 +3.7%
1930 3,591 +3.0%
1940 3,832 +6.7%
1950 4,412 +15.1%
1960 6,139 +39.1%
1970 8,347 +36.0%
1980 9,945 +19.1%
1990 11,104 +11.7%
2000 12,974 +16.8%
2010 13,794 +6.3%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 12,974 people, 9,034 households, and 3,392 families residing in the town. The population density was 741.4 people per square mile (290.6/km²). There were 4,427 housing units at an average density of 256.8 per square mile (99.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.91% White, 0.99% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.75% of the population.

There were 4,344 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.9% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $60,311, and the median income for a family was $67,307. Males had a median income of $47,370 versus $30,602 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,532. About 2.4% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. An average house in East Bridgewater has 6.2 rooms and is 36 years old with a value of $172,200. 82% of the population owns its residence, 18% rents. 1% of housing space is vacant.

Statistically, East Bridgewater ranks 144th out of 351 communities in the Commonwealth in terms of population, and 134th in terms of population density. The population lies between the average and the median, and the density is just below average. Within Plymouth County, the town ranks fifteenth of 27 towns by population, and twelfth by population density.

Government[edit]

On the national level, East Bridgewater is a part of Massachusetts's 9th congressional district, and has been represented since 2001 by Stephen Lynch. The state's senior (Class II) member of the United States Senate, re-elected in 2008, is John Kerry. The junior (Class I) senator, elected in 2012, is Elizabeth Warren.

On the state level, East Bridgewater is represented by Geoff Diehl in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the Seventh Plymouth district, which includes the towns of Abington and Whitman. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of two districts: by Thomas Kennedy in the Second Plymouth and Bristol district, which includes Brockton, Halifax, Hanover, Hanson, Whitman and portions of Easton; and by Brian Joyce in the Norfolk, Bristol and Plymouth district, which includes all or parts of Avon, Braintree, Canton, Easton, Milton, Randolph, Sharon, Stoughton, and West Bridgewater.[14] The town is patrolled by the Fourth (Middleborough) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police.[15]

East Bridgewater is governed on the local level by the open town meeting form of government, led by a town administrator and a board of selectmen. The town operates its own police and fire departments; the police department is headquartered adjacent to the town hall, at the center of town, and the fire headquarters are just south on Route 18. The fire department has an ambulance service which brings patients to nearby Signature Health Care Brockton Hospital, Caritas Christi Good Samaritan Hospital and South Shore Hospital. The town's post office is located west of the town center, and handles the entire town. East Bridgewater Public Library is located in a historic building along Route 18 at the center of town; it is a part of the Southeastern Area Internet Library Services (SAILS) network. The town also operates two parks near the town center, and has its own department of public works.

Education[edit]

East Bridgewater has its own school system for the town's approximately 2,500 students. The Central School (which, as its name suggests, is just west of the town hall at the town center) serves students from pre-kindergarten through third grade. The Gordon W. Mitchell Middle School, located to the east of the town center, serves fourth through eighth grade students. East Bridgewater High School is located just east of the town hall, and serves ninth through twelfth grade students.

In addition to public schools, high school students may attend Southeastern Regional Vocational Technical High School in South Easton free of charge. There are also private schools in the neighboring communities to the north and south, and the town is the site of the Metro South Academy School, a special needs middle and high school. The town is located near both Massasoit Community College in Brockton and Bridgewater State University.

It is planned that as of September 2013, the highly anticipated East Bridgewater High School will open its doors with construction currently underway behind the original building.

Transportation[edit]

Route 18 is the major north-south route through town, passing through the town center. Route 106 also passes from east to west through the southern part of town, and Route 104 clips the southern corner of the town before ending at Route 106 near the Halifax line. Route 27 also clips the northeastern corner of town, and Route 14 passes through this part of town as well. There is no freeway in the town; Route 24 passes through the neighboring towns to the west.

A short stretch of the Middleborough-Lakeville line of the MBTA's commuter rail passes through the western section of town. There are stops in neighboring Bridgewater and Brockton, as well as stops along the Kingston-Route 3 line in Hanson and Halifax. There is no airport in town; the nearest national air service is Logan International Airport in Boston.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): East Bridgewater town, Plymouth County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 16, 2012. 
  2. ^ A History of East Bridgewater
  3. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  4. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  5. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  6. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov
  15. ^ Station D-4, SP Middleborough

External links[edit]