East Brixton railway station

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East Brixton
East Brixton station site geograph-3440680-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
View northward on Gresham Road, Brixton, under the South London line; the former East Brixton station site is just east of this location (right). Beyond is the Chatham Main Line
Location
Place Brixton, South London
Area Lambeth
Coordinates 51°27′49″N 0°06′26″W / 51.4636°N 0.1073°W / 51.4636; -0.1073Coordinates: 51°27′49″N 0°06′26″W / 51.4636°N 0.1073°W / 51.4636; -0.1073
Operations
Original company London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR)
Post-grouping Southern Railway
Platforms 2
History
1866 opened as Loughborough Park
1870 renamed Loughborough Park and Brixton
1894 renamed East Brixton
1976 Closed
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
Portal icon UK Railways portal

East Brixton railway station was a railway station on the South London Line from London Victoria to London Bridge. It was located next to the rail bridge over Barrington Road, near Coldharbour Lane, in Brixton, London and closed in 1976.

History[edit]

East Brixton opened in 1866 as Loughborough Park. It consisted of two platforms with wooden buildings on high piers next to the railway viaduct. In 1870 the station was renamed Loughborough Park and Brixton, before it was finally renamed East Brixton in 1894.[1] Passenger services were operated by the Southern Railway (later the Southern Region of British Railways).

The station was included in a proposal published in 1905 by the Australian engineer Elfric Wells Chalmers Kearney for an underground monorail-type railway. The plans for the Kearney High-Speed Railway envisaged running a tube line from Cricklewood via central London, Brixton and Herne Hill to Crystal Palace, but were never realised.[2]

East Brixton station made a brief appearance in the 1948 comedy film, A Date with a Dream. It is seen in the background of scene in which two soldiers (played by Len Lowe and Bill Lowe) walk along Barrington Road.[3]

Decline and closure[edit]

Over the years the station became progressively neglected and lost passengers from 1971 when Brixton tube station, the southern terminus of the new Victoria line, opened nearby. With declining passenger numbers and the station requiring extensive repairs to the wooden platforms and buildings it was decided that the expense was not justified. There was a fire in 1975 which temporarily closed the station but the station reopened and was finally closed on 5 January 1976.[4] The platforms and its buildings were demolished shortly after closure. Nothing now remains of the station at track level: there are some arches and windows in the viaduct of the still used line.

Future[edit]

Map of rail & tube lines passing through Brixton, showing the location of East Brixton

Between 2005 and 2012, most of the South London Line was incorporated into the London Overground network as part of the East London line extension project to create an orbital railway around London.[5][6]

Westbound London Overground services run along this section of the line as far as Wandsworth Road and then branch off at Heathbrook Park, passing through Battersea towards Clapham Junction. This route crosses over Loughborough Junction and Brixton stations[7] and the plans have been criticised for missing opportunities to create new interchange stations with Thameslink services and the London Underground Victoria line respectively.[8][9] Under current proposals, no stations are planned at these locations as the line is on high railway arches, making the cost of any station construction prohibitive.[10] It has been suggested that a re-opened East Brixton station could provide a form of interchange with the Victoria line and Thameslink as it would be located almost exactly in the middle of the two lines.[citation needed]

There have been suggestions that East Brixton station could re-open as part of the new London Overground network. Although the station was closed and demolished, there is still space to re-open it. The option of building platforms at Brixton railway station on the same line was mooted but nothing has come of it.[11]

Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Clapham High Street   British Rail
Southern Region

South London Line
  Denmark Hill

References[edit]

  1. ^ "East Brixton". Disused Stations. Subterranea Britannica. 2 November 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2008. 
  2. ^ Badsey-Ellis, Antony (2005). London's lost tube schemes. Harrow: Capital Transport. p. 259. ISBN 1854142933. 
  3. ^ James, Simon R.H. (2007). London film location guide. London: Batsford. p. 131. ISBN 9780713490626. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Anson, Terry Gourvish ; research by Mike (2004). British Rail, 1974-97 : from integration to privatisation (Paperback ed. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 62. ISBN 9780199269099. 
  5. ^ "Clapham Junction to Surrey Quays". Transport for London. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "Outer London rail orbital opens for passengers". BBC News. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "2010 Tube map". Transport for London. 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2008. 
  8. ^ "Junction joy South". South London Press. 24 April 2004. Archived from the original on 9 May 2004. Retrieved 3 November 2007. 
  9. ^ Martin Linton MP (19 July 2006). "Parliamentary Debate: London Orbital Rail Network". Hansard. Retrieved 3 November 2007. 
  10. ^ "East London Line Extensions - Loughborough Junction". AlwaysTouchOut. 9 November 2006. Retrieved 3 November 2007. 
  11. ^ "Then and Now: East Brixton station". Urban75. Retrieved 25 August 2008. 
  12. ^ "Geographical map of London Overground 2010". Transport for London. November 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2008. 

Further reading[edit]

  • R.V.J.Butt, (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Patrick Stephens Ltd.  ISBN 1-85260-508-1