South Side Flats

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South Side Flats
Neighborhood of Pittsburgh
Pgh locator southside flats.svg
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny County
City Pittsburgh
Area[1]
 • Total 0.94 sq mi (2.4 km2)
Population (2000)[1]
 • Total 5,726
 • Density 6,100/sq mi (2,400/km2)
East Carson Street Historic District
EastCarsonStreetHistoricDistrict.jpg
East Carson and 13th in 2008.
South Side Flats is located in Pennsylvania
South Side Flats
Location Roughly E. Carson St. from 9th to 24th St., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 40°25′43.76″N 79°59′8.08″W / 40.4288222°N 79.9855778°W / 40.4288222; -79.9855778Coordinates: 40°25′43.76″N 79°59′8.08″W / 40.4288222°N 79.9855778°W / 40.4288222; -79.9855778
Built 1850
Architect Multiple
Architectural style Italianate, Romanesque, Second Empire
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 83004183[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 17, 1983
Designated CPHS August 16, 1993, and expanded June 1999[3]

The South Side Flats is a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's South Side area. It is located just south of the Monongahela River. The neighborhood has one of the City of Pittsburgh’s largest concentrations of 19th century homes which has prompted outsiders to call the neighborhood the City’s Georgetown.[4] It includes many bars and restaurants as well as residences. The main throughway in the South Side Flats is East Carson Street. This street is home to a significant portion of Pittsburgh's nightlife.

History[edit]

The South Side was once composed of a number of smaller communities. These included Birmingham and East Birmingham, both named for the English Midlands industrial center, Birmingham; Ormsby, originally a part of East Birmingham, incorporated as a borough in 1866; South Pittsburgh, the area immediately adjacent to the Smithfield Street Bridge, and Monongahela, named for the adjacent Monongahela River. These boroughs were collectively annexed to the city in 1872.[5]

The South Side and much of the hillsides to its south had been granted to Major John Ormsby in 1763, in recognition his assistance in the building of Fort Pitt. By the 1770s, Ormsby had built an estate on these lands and established a ferry for connecting his home with the community in Pittsburgh.

In 1811, Ormsby’s son-in-law, Dr. Nathaniel Bedford, laid out a town on the flats, naming it Birmingham in tribute to his native city. Bedford had come to Pittsburgh around 1770 and was the first practicing physician in the district known as Allegheny County.[6] He named the streets after his Ormsby’s children; names which the South Side streets still bear—Mary, Jane, Sarah, Sidney. Carson St. was named after a sea captain who lived in Philadelphia and was a friend of Dr. Bedford. In the early days it was part of the Washington Pike, the main road to Washington, Pennsylvania. The nearby municipality of Mount Oliver would be named for John Ormsby’s son Oliver Ormsby. The two areas were once connected by a coal incline run by the Keeling Coal Company, now the site of South Side Park.Birmingham quickly became a sizable industrial center because of the easy access to river and rail transport. The region would first become a center of glass production, followed by a concentration of iron and steel manufacturing. In 1850, Benjamin Franklin Jones invested in a South Side iron works. During the depression of 1873, he formed a partnership with a banker, James H. Laughlin. The firm of Jones and Laughlin Steel Company would eventually become the South Side’s largest employer. By 1910, it would employ over 15,000 workers. The expansion of the plant in 1950 would require the demolition of residential homes between 31st and 33rd streets.[7]

The majority of workers who had settled in the area were immigrants of Eastern Europe. They found home throughout the Flats and Slopes of South Side and had brought much of their culture and traditions to the area. Many of the Eastern European churches, clubs and bars are still present in the South Side.

The decline of the steel industry was a major blow to the neighborhood. In addition to layoffs at the J&L Plant, the Levinson Steel Company which had been located on the South Side closed in 1981.[8] The facility had been located along the river between 19th to 21st streets, and was later converted into a strip mall.

A series of arsons hit the South Side neighborhood in the early 1980s.[9] Prominent buildings on the corner of 18th and Carson Streets and the Arcade Theater on Carson St. were also demolished by fire.[10] The Arcade Theater had opened in 1929 and was the first theatre outside of Downtown Pittsburgh to have sound and air-conditioning. A Rite Aid pharmacy sits on the site of the theater.[11]

The early 1980s saw the beginnings of redevelopment on the South Side. The Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation helped establish and partner with the South Side Local Development Company in 1982. In 1985, the South Side’s East Carson Street was selected to participate in the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s Main Street Urban Demonstration Program. Community involvement played a major role in the redevelopment of the former J&L site.

The Jones and Laughlin Company had merged with the Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) Corporation in 1974. The company would merge its J&L Steel subsidiary with Republic Steel to form LTV Steel in 1984. The South Side J&L/LTV plant shut down in 1986. Once closed, City of Pittsburgh Councilman Otis Lyon wanted the site's Bessemer converter building, an open hearth building, four smokestacks, and a J&L sign to be preserved. The plan fell through when it was determined that these structures posed a safety hazard, although the J&L sign is mothballed beneath the Panhandle Bridge for future use. Riverboat gambling was considered for the site and in 1993, and the City of Pittsburgh Urban and Redevelopment Authority (URA) purchased the site with money loaned by a potential developer for $9.3 million.[12] The URA eventually redeveloped the site to be the Southside Works complex. The project has brought national retailers to the eastern end of the neighborhood.[13]

Geography[edit]

The South Side Flats is located at 40°25′43.76″N 79°59′8.08″W and covers 0.936 square miles (2.42 km2).[1]

The Flats is surrounded by the neighborhoods of Arlington, South Shore, South Side Slopes, and across the Monongahela River, Bluff, Hazelwood, and South Oakland.[14] East Carson Street runs the length of the Flats, and four bridges, Liberty Bridge, South 10th Street Bridge, Birmingham Bridge, and Hot Metal Bridge, connect the Flats to other locations across the river.[14]

The South Side Riverfront Park runs the majority of the border of the Flats to the Monongahela River. It hosts a myriad of events, like the annual Pittsburgh Dragon Boat Festival.[15] The Three Rivers Heritage Trail also runs through the park.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2000 census,[1] there were 5,726 people living in the neighborhood and 3,613 total housing units within its boundaries. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 95.2% White, 2.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 1.3% of the population.

Out of the total number of housing units, 86.7% were occupied. There were 9.2% of households with those under the age of 18 and 31.0% with those over the age of 65.

The population was generally decreasing with 22,476 in 1940; 17,942 in 1950; 12,586 in 1960; and 9,260 in 1970.

Trivia[edit]

Kaufmanns Department Store was founded as a tailor shop on Carson St. on the South Side in 1871.[16]

The South Side had the first electric railway in the City of Pittsburgh. The line started at 13th and Carson and traveled to Mount Oliver Borough.[17]

The base of the Knoxville Incline was at 12th Street on the South Side. The incline was built in 1890, had an 18-degree curve, and was the longest incline ever built in Pittsburgh.[18]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Census: Pittsburgh". Pittsburgh Department of City Planning. January 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  3. ^ "Local Historic Designations". Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation. Retrieved 2011-07-30. 
  4. ^ Delahan, William (1966-06-12), "Renaissance On The South Side", Pittsburgh Press 
  5. ^ "An Atlas of the South Side Neighborhood of Pittsburgh 1977", Pittsburgh Neighborhood Atlas, Pittsburgh Neighborhood Alliance 
  6. ^ Killikelly, Sarah H. (1906). The History of Pittsburgh. Its Rise and Progress. B.C. & Gordon Montgomery Co. p. 356. 
  7. ^ Batz, Bob (1999-09-21), "Sweet memories. Former residents gather to remember a South Side neighborhood razed in 1950", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 
  8. ^ "Southside landmarks to fall". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 1984-06-11. 
  9. ^ Perlmutter, Ellen M. (1984-06-17). "Portrait of an arsonist". Pittsburgh Press. pp. A1. 
  10. ^ Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation. "Research: Spotlight on Main Street: Fatheads". Retrieved 2007-04-04. 
  11. ^ Cinema Treasures. "Cinema Treasures Arcade Theater". Retrieved 2007-04-04. 
  12. ^ The Western Pennsylvania Brownfields Center, =. "Background Information LTV South Side Works". Retrieved 2007-04-04. 
  13. ^ O’Toole, Christine (2006-10-29). "Pittsburgh's South Side, Resurrected". Washington Post. 
  14. ^ a b [1], map of South Side Flats. Retrieved 2010-11-21
  15. ^ [2], Pittsburgh Dragon Boat Festival. Retrieved 2010-11-21
  16. ^ Stouffer, Rick (2005-03-05). "'Kaufmann's is gone,' analyst predicts". Pittsburgh Tribune Review. 
  17. ^ South Pittsburgh Development Company. "Pittsburgh's Trolley History". Retrieved 2007-04-04. 
  18. ^ South Side Local Development Company. "Pittsburgh's Inclines". Retrieved 2007-04-04. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]