East Chicago, Indiana

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East Chicago, Indiana
City
Chicago Avenue in East Chicago
Chicago Avenue in East Chicago
Official seal of East Chicago, Indiana
Seal
Nickname(s): Indiana Harbor, The Harbor, E.C., The Twin City (East Chicago & Indiana Harbor neighborhoods – used in the early 1900s).
Motto: "Progredemur" (We Progress)
East Chicago's location in Lake County (left)and the state of Indiana (right).
East Chicago's location in Lake County (left)
and the state of Indiana (right).
Coordinates: 41°38′20″N 87°27′44″W / 41.63889°N 87.46222°W / 41.63889; -87.46222Coordinates: 41°38′20″N 87°27′44″W / 41.63889°N 87.46222°W / 41.63889; -87.46222
Country United States United States
State Indiana Indiana
County Lake
Township North
Incorporated 1893
Government[1]
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Anthony Copeland (D)
 • City Council
 • City Clerk Mary Morris Leonard (D)
 • City Judge Sonya Morris (D)
Area[2]
 • Total 16.16 sq mi (41.85 km2)
 • Land 14.09 sq mi (36.49 km2)
 • Water 2.07 sq mi (5.36 km2)
Elevation 591 ft (180 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 29,698
 • Estimate (2013) 29,212
 • Density 2,107.7/sq mi (813.8/km2)
Standard of living (2008-12)[3]
 • Per capita income $13,457
 • Median home value $86,800
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP code 46312
Area code 219
FIPS code 18-19486[4]
GNIS feature ID 0433875[5]
Interstate, U.S. and State Routes

Indiana Toll Road logo 1968.svg I-90.svg US 12.svg US 20.svg Indiana 312.svg Indiana 912.svg


Waterways

Grand Calumet River
Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal
Lake Michigan


South Shore Line station

East Chicago


Public transit East Chicago Transit
Website www.eastchicago.com
Demographics (2010)[6]
White Black Asian
35.5% 42.9% 0.1%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.0% 0.6% 20.9% 50.9%
Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,255
1900 3,411 171.8%
1910 19,098 459.9%
1920 35,967 88.3%
1930 54,784 52.3%
1940 54,637 −0.3%
1950 54,263 −0.7%
1960 57,669 6.3%
1970 46,982 −18.5%
1980 39,786 −15.3%
1990 33,892 −14.8%
2000 32,414 −4.4%
2010 29,698 −8.4%
Source: US Census Bureau

East Chicago is a city in Lake County, Indiana, United States. The population was 29,698 at the 2010 census. It is the home of Marktown, Clayton Mark's planned worker community.[7]

Geography[edit]

East Chicago is located at 41°38′20″N 87°27′44″W / 41.63889°N 87.46222°W / 41.63889; -87.46222 (41.638885, -87.462140)[8].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.16 square miles (41.85 km2), of which 14.09 square miles (36.49 km2) is land and 2.07 square miles (5.36 km2) is water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 29,698 people, 10,724 households, and 7,197 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,107.7 inhabitants per square mile (813.8 /km2). There were 12,958 housing units at an average density of 919.7 per square mile (355.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 35.5% White, 42.9% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 18.1% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 50.9% of the population.

There were 10,724 households of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.9% were married couples living together, 31.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.42.

The median age in the city was 30.9 years. 31.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 22.2% were from 45 to 64; and 11.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 32,414 people, 11,707 households, and 7,937 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,706.3 people per square mile (1,044.7/km²). There were 13,261 housing units at an average density of 1,107.2 per square mile (427.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 36.54% White, 36.08% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 23.98% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.61% of the population. Whites who are not Hispanic or Latino were 12.10% of the city's population. 54.3% spoke only English at home, while 42.9% Spanish and 1.2% Polish at home.

There were 11,707 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.8% were married couples living together, 26.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,538, and the median income for a family was $31,778. Males had a median income of $32,588 versus $21,678 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,517. About 22.5% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.3% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

The nearest commercial airport to East Chicago is the Gary/Chicago International Airport in neighboring Gary. The South Shore Line (NICTD) has a station in East Chicago. US 12 and US 20 go through the Indiana Harbor and East Chicago sections of the city, respectively, before joining up on both sides. Indiana State Road 912, the Cline Avenue Expressway, connects East Chicago with the Indiana Toll Road and Borman Expressway, and serves the casino and steel mills on the lakefront.

Bus transit[edit]

The city operates a free bus service known as East Chicago Transit. It features three routes: Route 1 Crosstown, Route 2 West Calumet, and Route 4 Woodmar Mall. GPRT Route 12 stops in East Chicago on its way from Hammond to Gary. Finally, PACE runs Route 892, a special work shuttle that runs between Gary, East Chicago and UPS' Hodgkins facility. Its schedule is designed to coincide with UPS workers' shifts. The route is operated in cooperation with UPS, which partially funds its operations.

Neighborhoods[edit]

  • Indiana Harbor
    • North Harbor
    • Washington Park
    • Prairie Park
    • Sunnyside
    • Lakeside
  • East Chicago
    • Northside
    • Southside
    • Calumet
    • Roxana Park
    • New Addition (West Harbor)
  • Marktown[7]

Education[edit]

East Chicago Public Library System operates a main library at 2401 East Columbus Drive and the Robert A. Pastrick Branch Library at 1008 West Chicago Avenue at Baring Avenue.[9]

Industry[edit]

Aerial view of Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal, flanked by Indiana Harbor Works

East Chicago is home to the following business and industry:

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2014 Public Officials Directory". Lake County Board of Elections and Voter's Registration. Retrieved 2014-06-10. 
  2. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  3. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics 2010, Table DP-1, 2010 Demographic Profile Data. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
  7. ^ a b Smith, Stephanie; Mark, Steve (2011). "Marktown: Clayton Mark's Planned Worker Community in Northwest Indiana.". South Shore Journal 4. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "About ECPL." East Chicago Public Library. Retrieved on January 21, 2009.
  10. ^ "Indiana Harbor". Facilities: Americas. ArcelorMittal. Retrieved 9 November 2011. 

External links[edit]