East Coast Bays (New Zealand electorate)

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East coast bays electorate 2008.png

East Coast Bays is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first formed in 1972 and has existed apart from a break lasting two parliamentary terms. The electorate is currently held by Murray McCully.[1]

Population centres[edit]

The electorate is based around the north-eastern suburbs of North Shore City in north Auckland, including Torbay, Browns Bay and Mairangi Bay. The electorate crosses State Highway One at its southern end, which includes a section of Glenfield. East Coast Bays is a wealthy electorate, with incomes above the national average and boasting some of the most expensive real estate in the country. The electorate also contains many émigrés from South Africa.

History[edit]

East Coast Bays was a electorate in the New Zealand Parliament between 1972 and 1996, before being abolished to make way for the Albany electorate at the change to Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting. High population growth in North Auckland lead to the electorate's western fringe being removed in 2002, and with it the eponymous suburb of Albany, thus recreating East Coast Bays ahead of the 2002 election.

Although now a safe electorate for National, it was held for seven years by Social Credit MP Gary Knapp, from the 1980 by-election when he defeated future National party leader Don Brash. In the 1981, 1984 and 1987 general elections, Labour came third, with Knapp defeating Brash in 1981 and Murray McCully in 1984.

But in 1987 the declining fortunes of the Democratic Party (as Social Credit renamed itself), led to Knapp being defeated by Murray McCully, who has held the electorate for National since.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National    Social Credit    Democratic    United Future    Green  

Election Winner
1972 election Frank Gill1
1975 election
1978 election
1980 by-election Gary Knapp
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election Murray McCully
1990 election
1993 election
electorate abolished, see Albany
2002 election Murray McCully
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election

1 Resigned when appointed Ambassador to the United States

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the East Coast Bays electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
2002 election Paul Adams
2008 election Sue Bradford2

2Resigned in October 2009, five months after losing Green Party co-leadership vote to Metiria Turei

Election results[edit]

2011 election[edit]

General Election 2011: East Coast Bays[2]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Murray McCully 21,094 64.98 +6.90 21,079 62.86 +1.45
Labour Vivienne Goldsmith 6,453 19.88 +2.07 5,769 17.20 -4.44
Green Brett Stansfield 2,832 8.72 +2.20 2,704 8.72 +2.20
Conservative Simonne Dyer 1,614 4.97 +4.97 1,254 3.74 +3.74
ACT Toby Hutton 467 1.44 -2.15 530 1.58 -4.08
NZ First   1,657 4.94 +2.11
Legalise Cannabis   156 0.47 +0.19
United Future   145 0.43 -0.31
Māori   130 0.39 -0.01
Mana   64 0.19 +0.19
Libertarianz   24 0.07 +0.001
Alliance   14 0.04 +0.002
Democratic   9 0.03 -0.01
Informal votes 902 160
Total Valid votes 32,460 33,535
National hold Majority 14,641 45.10 +4.82

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 47,305[3]

2008 election[edit]

General Election 2008: East Coast Bays[4]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Murray McCully 20,151 58.09 +11.06 21,681 61.40 +9.13
Labour Vivienne (Viv) Goldsmith 6,177 17.81 -9.31 7,642 21.64 -10.13
Family Party Paul Adams[note 1] 3,570 10.29 -5.58 505 1.43
Green Sue Bradford 2,263 6.52 +3.01 1,439 4.08 +0.59
ACT Tim Kronfeld 1,246 3.59 +2.12 2,000 5.66 +3.09
NZ First Dail Jones 730 2.10 -0.47 1,001 2.83 -1.94
No Commercial Airport at Whenuapai Toby Hutton 283 0.82
United Future Ian McInnes 215 0.62 -0.49 263 0.74 -1.65
Libertarianz Elah Zamora 56 0.16 25 0.07 +0.03
Progressive   214 0.61 -0.30
Bill and Ben   149 0.42
Māori   141 0.40 +0.14
Legalise Cannabis   98 0.28 +0.08
Kiwi   90 0.25
Alliance   14 0.04 -0.00
Pacific   14 0.04
Democratic   13 0.04 -0.00
Workers Party   8 0.02
RONZ   7 0.02 +0.00
RAM   5 0.01
Informal votes 281 91
Total Valid votes 34,691 35,309
National hold Majority 13,974 40.28 +20.38
  1. ^ Paul Adams contested the 2005 election as an Independent: the "±% electoral votes" figure here compares Adams' percentage of electoral votes for the Family Party in 2008 with the 2005 percentage as an Independent.

2005 election[edit]

General Election 2005: East Coast Bays[5]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Murray McCully 17,213 47.02 +7.93 19,437 52.27 +27.44
Labour Hamish McCracken 9,927 27.12 -7.03 11,813 31.77 -2.04
Independent Paul Adams 5,809 15.87
Green Jeanette Elley 1,287 3.52 -1.92 1,297 3.49 -8.48
NZ First Anne Martin 942 2.57 1775 4.77 -5.20
ACT Andrew Stone 537 1.47 -4.95 956 2.39 -2.80
United Future Steven Dromgool 405 1.11 -8.14 890 2.39 -7.23
Progressive Fiona Beazley 253 0.69 -0.95 338 0.91 -0.36
Māori Rahuia Kapa 119 0.33 95 0.26
Democratic Patrick Fahey 73 0.20 14 0.04
Destiny John Steemson 39 0.11 370 1.00
Legalise Cannabis   74 0.20 -0.19
Christian Heritage   44 0.12 -0.93
Direct Democracy   28 0.08
Alliance   15 0.04 -0.86
Libertarianz   14 0.04
RONZ   7 0.02
99 MP   6 0.02
Family Rights   6 0.02
One NZ   5 0.01 -0.23
Informal votes 324 100
Total Valid votes 36,604 37,184
National hold Majority 7,286 19.90 +14.96

2002 election[edit]

General Election 2002: East Coast Bays[6]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Murray McCully 12,134 39.09 7,876 24.83
Labour Hamish McCracken 10,600 34.15 10,722 33.81
United Future Paul Adams 2,872 9.25 3,052 9.62
ACT Julie Pepper 1993 6.42 1646 5.19
Green Jeanette Elley 1,688 5.44 3,796 11.97
One NZ Alan McCulloch 528 1.70 75 0.24
Progressive Jill Henry 508 1.64 403 1.27
Christian Heritage Ian Cummings 399 1.29 334 1.05
Alliance Fiona McLaren 316 1.02 287 0.90
NZ First   3,163 9.97
ORNZ   227 0.72
Legalise Cannabis   123 0.39
NMP   6 0.02
Mana Māori   4 0.01
Informal votes 392 75
Total Valid votes 31,038 31,714
National win new seat Majority 1,534 4.94

References[edit]

External links[edit]