East Coast Bays by-election, 1980
East Coast Bays by-election of 1980 was a by-election during the 39th New Zealand Parliament in the East Coast Bays electorate. It resulted in an upset for the National Party, as their candidate was unexpectedly beaten by Gary Knapp of the Social Credit Party.
Background [ edit ]
Prime Minister, Robert Muldoon, appointed Frank Gill, National Party MP for East Coast Bays since the 1972 election, to take up a position as New Zealand's ambassador to the United States. Muldoon did so against the express wish of Brian Talboys, who was Minister of Foreign Affairs. Shortly before the election, Muldoon raised the tolls on the Auckland Harbour Bridge from 20 cents to 25 cents, which was a very unpopular move. Muldoon was also embroiled in a public spat with various journalists, most notably cartoonist [2 ] Tom Scott. But most damaging was Muldoon's lack of enthusiasm for National's candidate for the by-election, Don Brash; Muldoon had favoured the party's vice-president Sue Wood.
Results [ edit ]
Voting resulted in the election of Knapp, the candidate of the Social Credit Party. This was unexpected, as minor parties rarely won seats in Parliament at the time; although such voting was more likely in a by-election. Muldoon blamed Brash and the party organisation for the defeat, but was strongly rebuked by the party for this stance. The loss of the by-election provided the catalyst for growing opposition within the National Party to Muldoon's leadership.
Knapp held the electorate until the
1987 general election, when he was defeated by National's Murray McCully.
Christchurch South, 1939
Auckland West, 1940
Bay of Plenty, 1941
Christchurch East, 1943
Northern Maori, 1943
There were no by-elections during the term of the 34th Parliament.
There were no by-elections during the term of the 40th Parliament.
There were no by-elections during the term of the 42nd Parliament.
References [ edit ]
Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6.
Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.