East Cowes Town Centre.
East Cowes shown within the Isle of Wight
|OS grid reference|
|Unitary authority||Isle of Wight|
|Ceremonial county||Isle of Wight|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||EAST COWES|
|Fire||Isle of Wight|
|Ambulance||Isle of Wight|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||Isle of Wight|
East Cowes is the site of Norris Castle, and Osborne House, the former summer residence of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. The Prince had a major influence on the architecture of the area, for example on the building of St Mildred's Church in Whippingham near East Cowes, which features distinctive turrets imitating those found on a German castle.
The name Estcowe (East Cowes) originally comes from one of two sandbanks each side of the River Medina estuary, so called after a supposed likeness to cows. The name was subsequently transferred to fortifications built during the reign of Henry VIII on the east bank to dispel a French invasion, referred to as cowforts or cowes, which subsequently gave the name to the town. The naming of Cowes was done in a similar fashion. They replaced the earlier name of Shamblord.
The settlement of Shamblord at East Cowes was first recorded in 1303. It grew as East Shamblord, and became a much more significant settlement than the Western Shamblord. As the Isle of Wight was the target of frequent French invasions, with some notable incursions, the fort built at East Cowes was later destroyed and should not be confused with East Cowes Castle built subsequently by John Nash.
During the reign of Queen Victoria, who made her summer home at Osborne by acquiring and rebuilding Osborne House, East Cowes was the subject of planned estate of grand houses, groves and parks. The scheme, not finding the finances it needed, was folded, but a few residences built in the early stages still survive to this day such as the former Albert Grove residences of Kent House and Powys House on York Avenue.
In East Cowes Norris Castle was designed in the Norman style by James Wyatt in the late eighteenth century. The building survives and today remains a private home. In 1798, the architect John Nash, began building his home, East Cowes Castle, where he later entertained the Prince Consort and other prominent guests. East Cowes Castle was notable for its Gothic towers and turrets, and elaborate castellation. Nash died in 1835 and is buried in the tower of East Cowes Church which he also designed. East Cowes Castle was demolished during the 1960s, although the ice house remains and is visible in Sylvan Avenue. Cowes and East Cowes became a single urban district in 1933.
During World War II, both Cowes and East Cowes became the targets of frequent bombing due to its industry and proximity to Southampton and the Royal Navy's home at Portsmouth. The shipyard of J. Samuel White was badly damaged by air attack in early May 1942 but, when rebuilt, innovative ship construction methods had been introduced. The first warship completed by the renewed yard was HMS Cavalier. During the air raid, the local defences had been fortuitously augmented by the Polish destroyer Blyskawica (itself built by White's), which put up such a determined defence that, in 2002, the crew's courage was honoured by a local commemoration lasting several days to mark the 60th anniversary of the event. Later in 2004, and over to the west, an area of Cowes was named Francki Place in honour of the ship's commander.
To celebrate the Silver Jubilee of the Queen's coronation in 1977, the main hangar doors of what was then the British Hovercraft Corporation (a successor to Saunders Roe) were painted with the world's largest image of the Union Flag, which can still be seen today.
In January 2015, the car carrier MV Hoegh Osaka bound for Bremerhaven, Germany, ran aground on Bramble Bank after developing a heavy list, roughly five miles north of the entrance to the River Medina. It has since been towed 2 miles east, and is currently moored between East Cowes and Lee on the Solent whilst salvaging operations continue.
East Cowes is linked to the mainland by Red Funnel’s vehicle ferry service. The Cowes Floating Bridge links East Cowes with Cowes throughout the day. It is a chain ferry, and is one of the few remaining not to be replaced by a physical bridge.
Local industry in both Cowes and East Cowes has always centred on the building and design of marine craft and materials associated with boatmaking, including the early flying boats, and sailmaking.
East Cowes was also once home to the aircraft manufacturer Saunders Roe, who built the large, advanced, flying boat The Saunders-Roe Princess, as well as the Black Knight rocket and the Black Arrow satellite carrier rocket. They also developed and tested the first hovercraft, the SR.N1.
The former Saunders-Roe factory at Venture Quays, which still boasts the world's largest Union Flag, now produces wind turbines, which can be seen laid on the quay for shipping out. Due to local objections no wind turbines have been allowed to be erected on the Isle of Wight.
Sport and leisure
- Queen Victoria and Prince Albert
- John Nash – architect
- John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort - World War II Field Marshal and commander of the British Expeditionary Force
- Lord Mountbatten of Burma (in childhood), later last Viceroy of India at Kent House, East Cowes
The East Cowes Redevelopment Project was set up by SEEDA for the flagship project for the Cowes Waterfront Initiate, this includes redeveloping the town centre of East Cowes. Thus creating better employment opportunities and create a better environment for residents & visitors alike. This also includes a unique opportunity to make East Cowes better and creating better investment for businesses alike.
On 6 April 2010 worked started on the new Waitrose store which is situated on Well Road on the old site of the hovercraft development building. Recruitment for jobs for the new Waitrose Store started during August/September 2010 there were 160 jobs going throughout the store and over 800 people applied.
Also part of the redevelopment included building more houses known as "Victoria Walk" and David Wilson was chosen to be the builder, advertising boards have been placed on Old Road in East Cowes with building work to commence very soon.
In 2013 work began to create a new 300 berth marina inside a new breakwater. The plan includes a new hotel, restaurant and 100 new homes.
Council Library Cuts
During December 2010, under a cost cutting plan by the Isle of Wight Council it was decided most local libraries across the Island would close in March 2011, with just Newport & Ryde remaining open. Sandown, Cowes, Ventnor & Freshwater remained opened 'til March 2012, during which time community groups were sought to continue the upkeep and running of the libraries.
East Cowes was among one of the libraries set to close in March 2011, but was saved by East Cowes Town Council who appealed for volunteers to continue running the library. It remains at the town centre premises near to the Co-Op supermarket, with an outlook to move to newer premises in the near future. Whilst under the Council ownership it opened around 30 hours a week; this was reduced to around 12 hours per week.
- "2001 Census Neighbourhood Statistics - Civil Parishes on the Isle of Wight". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- "English Parishes & Welsh Communities N&C 2004". www.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2007-05-03.
- "Special celebration of ship that saved Cowes". Isle of Wight County Press. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- "BBC H2G2 - East Cowes, Isle of Wight". BBC. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
- "Southern Vectis bus routes". www.islandbuses.info. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- "About Britain - Isle of Wight Coastal Path". www.aboutbritain.com. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- David Wilson Homes. "David Wilson Homes". David Wilson Homes. David WIison Homes. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
- Island Pulse: New medical centre to open in East Cowes
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to East Cowes.|
- Classic Boat Museum, East Cowes
- Waitrose East Cowes - Waitrose East Cowes website giving all the information on the new build.
- J Samuel White's shipyard - Maritime information on the HMS Cavalier.
- The East Cowes Heritage Centre - Local history centre.
- Old postcards of Cowes, Gurnard, East Cowes and Osborne House.