East End (Richmond, Virginia)
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (February 2007)|
The East End of Richmond, Virginia is the quadrant of the City of Richmond, Virginia, and more loosely the Richmond metropolitan area, east of the downtown.
Within the city, and in Henrico County, it roughly defined as including the area of Richmond north of the James River and east/northeast of the former Virginia Central Railroad - Chesapeake and Ohio Railway line (now owned by CSX Transportation and operated by the Buckingham Branch Railroad) which originated at Main Street Station, and south and west of I-295.
Within the city, this includes neighborhoods such as Church Hill, Fairmount, Union Hill, Fulton, Powhatan Hill, Fulton Hill, Montrose Heights, Fairfield Court, Creighton Court, Whitcomb Court, Mosby Court, Eastview, Brauers, Peter Paul, Woodville, North Church Hill, Chimborazo and Oakwood. These neighborhoods are predominantly African-American, although Church Hill and Fulton Hill have gained a considerable number of white residents in recent years due to lower housing prices than in many other parts of the city.
The terminology "East End" also broadly includes much of eastern Henrico County as a portion the Richmond Metropolitan area. Communities outside the city limits in this area include the census-designated places of Highland Springs, Montrose, Sandston, and Varina.
A portion of Hanover County, primarily in the Mechanicsville area also meets the above geographic description, and may be considered by some to be part of the East End of Metropolitan Richmond, though is equally considered outside of the quadrant system, due to its separation from the city by the Chickahominy River and swamp.
History and development
In the era just before and as European settlement began at the turn of the 17th century, near Powhatan Hill, a place known as "Powhatan" which was the village or "town" that Wahunsunacock (who has become better-known as the Chief Powhatan) came from was located. An early capital of the Powhatan Confederacy, "Powhatan" was also the name used by the natives to refer to the James River).
The East End contains a number of notable cemeteries, including the Confederate Cemetery of Oakwood, the historic African-American Evergreen Cemetery, and the Richmond National Cemetery. The East End is also home to the famous St. John's Church, where Patrick Henry delivered his "Give Me Liberty" speech.
While the majority of the East End is now predominantly African American, most of the area was populated as a result of white flight. This changed dramatically in the mid sixties with the urban renewal project of the Fulton area. Fulton was completely African American at that time. The Federal Government then came in and bought the neighborhoods and razed them. Many of the folks that received those funds moved to the areas known as Hechler Village and Montrose Heights.